Can AI be used as a tool to investigate our minds?
To be more precise, what am I specifically asking for here are examples of discoveries on artificial intelligence (so algorithms, programs and computers that try to implement intelligent systems) that brought to light facts about intelligence and cognition in general. Have this ever happened? Is it frequent? How influential and important were these discoveries, if any?
A possible example of what I mean could be the PSSH, which states that a formal system is sufficient to simulate general intelligent behaviour. I believe that this is relevant to Cognitive Science in general because it entails our understanding of this phenomena. (Of course, this is just an hypotesis, but I believe that its importance in the AI debate makes it a really compelling result).