# Convolutional Sequence to Sequence Learning kernel parameters

I am reading the paper Convolutional Sequence to Sequence Learning by Facebook AI researchers and having trouble to understand how the dimensions of convolutional filters work here. Please take a look at the relevant part of the paper below. Let's say the input to the kernel X is k*d (say k=5 words of d=300 embedding dimenisonality). Therefore the input is 5*300. In a computer vision task a kernel would slide over parts of the image, in NLP you usually see kernel taking up the whole width of the input matrix. So I would expect kernel to be m*d (e.g. 3*300 - slide over 3 words and look at their whole embeddiings).

However, the kernel here is of dimensionality 2d x kd which in our hypothetical example would be 600*1500. I don't understand how this massive kernel would slide over an input that is by far lower dimensional (5*300). In computer vision you could zero-pad the input, but here zero-padding would basically turn the input matrix into mostly zeros with only a handful of meaningful numbers.

Thanks for shedding some light on it!

They are doing a matrix multiplication: consider $$y = Ax, y \in \mathbb{R}^m, x \in \mathbb{R}^n, A \in M_\mathbb{R}(m,n)$$. In the paper $$x$$ is a concatenation of $$k$$ elements of $$\mathbb{R}^d$$, so $$x$$ is long $$kd$$; $$y$$ is long $$2d$$.