Will the machine become so powerful that it begins to think to a point where it is more capable than the humans? Notice, I said capable, not powerful. No doubt computers are more powerful at giving us answers faster than human brainpower, but are they more capable? so can artificial intelligence take over the world?.
The world seems to be operating under the "law of maximum intelligence" (I made this up), which is that the species with the most intelligence get to realise its preferences the most strongly. Put another way, the more intelligent you are, the more the world takes the shape of what you want; and this happens through your actions upon the world.
This is tautological if what you mean by "intelligence" is "ability to act well".
For example, both humans and chimps want to be happy, but you get zoos and not chimps paradise, because zoos are optimised to please humans, not chimps.
If you grant this law, then all you need is a "greater than humanity" level of intelligence, and an entity with that level of intelligence should have its preferences met.
As to whever or not this will happen, I’ll quote Sam Harris in this little talk:
All you have to grant to get your fears [about AI] up and running is that:
- We will continue to make progress in hardware and software design (unless we destroy ourselves some other way), and
- There’s nothing magical about the wetware we have running inside our heads, and that an intelligent machine could be build of other material. […]
Once you’ve granted those two propositions, you’ll now be hard pressed to find some hand hold with which to resist yor slide into real concern about where this is all going.
To go back to the question: yes if you have an entity/agent that is sufficiently intelligent, and with a goal that would directly or as a side-effect cause it to take over the world. Note that this is a real concern because of instrumental convergence. Good talk on this topic by Nates Soares.
Let me give you a simpler and a two letter answer No. However, not everyone may agree, as many people, including the renowned late physicist Stephen Hawking, have raised concern that “efforts to create thinking machines pose a threat to our very existence”.
In my opinion, AI is obviously a powerful technology to improve our lives. In fact, the results are there for everyone to see ranging from Apple SIRI to self-driving cars. I think all these fears are a result of Sci-Fi movies.
Everything we create is to enhance our human intelligence with artificial intelligence via machine learning and deep learning, so we can surpass the limitations of human minds.
AI is a boon to humanity and not a curse that might harm us in the future or take over the world