Basically, economic decision making is not restricted to mundane finance, the managing of money, but any decision that involves expected utility (some result with some degree of optimality.)
- Can Machine Learning algorithms make economic decisions as well as or better than humans?
"Like humans" means understanding classes of objects and their interactions, including agents such as other humans.
At a fundamental level, there must be some physical representation of an object, leading to usage of an object, leading to management of resources that the objects constitute.
This may include ability to effectively handle semantic data (NLP) because mcuh of the relevant information is communicated in human languages.