Here is something I've noticed about humans: We're bad at projecting the future with all of its 2nd, 3rd ... N order effects, and we're REALLY bad a projecting and quantifying risk. So, I'm not sure that you'll get an answer that is anything more than either trivially true ("Chatbots will be commonplace") or a correct but wasn't justified ("We'll explore the stars by sending out swarms of AI-enhanced satellites that will use their computing power to improve themselves since they are always on but have copious amounts of down-time").
But if you want to limit the timeframe to the next decade and don't mind the previous caveat, here goes:
- Chatbots will be commonplace. This will include ones that can handle conversation, like Gridspace but can also handle multiple languages and code-switching.
- In professional use, AI will augment professionals (such as lawyers, physicians, teachers, and accountants) at the upper end (who will add value with strategy, experience, and research) and replace them at the lower end.
- In military use, they will be used for target identification, automated assessment of damage, threat notification, and forecasting.
- We'll explore the stars by sending out swarms of AI-enhanced satellites that will use their computing power to improve themselves since they are always on but have copious amounts down-time.
I don't hold a lot of hope out for communication without error of to speakers of different languages as you can have two native fluent speakers who have known each other for years speak to each and still have them miscommunicate.