Firstly, before we commence I will recommend that you refer to a similar questions on the network https://stackoverflow.com/questions/828486/neural-net-optimize-w-genetic-algorithm
The majority of ML studies focus on gradient algorithms, usually a variation of back-propagation to obtain the weights of the model.
However since genetic algorithms are powerful searching algorithms they can be utilized to tune and optimize the structure and parameters of neural networks.
Genetic algorithms are stochastic search techniques that guide a population of solutions towards an optimum using the principles of evolution and natural genetics.
Genetic algorithms are especially capable of handling problems in which the objective function is discontinuous/non differentiable, nonconvex, multimodal or noisy. (Dharmistha D)
Algorithms, which combine genetic algorithms and error back-propagation, have been shown to exhibit better convergence properties than pure back-propagation.
To facilitate the crossover operation for the exchange of information between two parents we need to define four components within a genetic algorithm.
- A way of coding solutions to the problem on chromosomes;
- A fitness function which returns a value for each chromosome given to it;
- A way of initializing the population of chromosomes;
- Operators that may be applied to parents to alter their genetic composition i.e. mutation.
In these hybrid systems weights in different layers of the network are optimized using a genetic algorithm. Experimental results demonstrate that the genetic algorithms can in some cases optimize the hyper-parameters of an ANN better than a hand tuned model.
Regarding an efficient way to implement a random crossover, here is something to get you started
(Code courtesy of Dan Golding 2013)
%Randomly choose 2 individuals
n = size(new_pop, 1);
l = size(new_pop, 2);
breeders = new_pop(randperm(n,2),:);
%Choose a crossover point
cp = randperm(l, 1);
b1 = [breeders(1, 1:cp), breeders(2, cp+1:end)];
b2 = [breeders(2, 1:cp), breeders(1, cp+1:end)];
For further reference I recommend that you kindly look at the below links
Matlab crossover genetic algorithm
Single point ordered crossover in matlab
To optimize a neural network of multiple inputs using a genetic algorithm.
How can I use the Genetic Algorithm (GA) to train a Neural Network in Neural Network Toolbox