I am trying to make a text classification for Arabic data. The problem is that there is no labeled Arabic dataset for this data. My question is then: is possible to do a classification without a training dataset? If yes, what methods can I use?
Yes, it is possible to do it. This can be posed as an unsupervised text classification. You can look at TF-IDF, Neural networks (BERT) etc. for creating embedding of your text and then, use clustering techniques like K-Means, KNN etc. for classification.