I have a liberal arts background so I need help understanding this paper, particularly pages 26 to 30. The authors test a four-camera system for localization, mapping, and obstacle detection for self-driving cars. The paper seems to say the multi-camera system can map the environment to within an average of 7 cm (2.8 inches) of accuracy (with the largest error being 16 cm or 6.3) and detect obstacles to within 10 cm (3.9 inches) of accuracy. Am I getting this right?
Given that automotive lidar can detect objects to within 1.5 cm (0.6 inches) of accuracy, and given that for driving purposes the difference between 1.5 cm and 7 cm, 10 cm, or 16 cm seems quite small, can a multi-camera system be used instead of lidar in a self-driving car application? How do driving speeds affect things? What crucial elements of the problem space might I be overlooking or misunderstanding?