So I read somewhere there are 2 different views of Artificial Intelligence.
- One is the normal conventional approach where we use ML and AI logical inference programs to mimic a human brain.
- Another view is that we cannot create an intelligent agent just by the above procedure. We humans or animals are only intelligent due to our social interactions.
If we think about it, the second view has a lot of credibility since a brain in a jar is not at all intelligent and will not evolve things that make an animal possess intelligent traits like language, logical reasoning, etc. Whereas an ant or bee colonies are apparently intelligent due to their collective information gathering even if their brain are basically hard-wired logical sensors which just perform an action on a given stimulus.
So my questions are:
- Are all this artificially intelligent agents/programs being created or will be created in near future, just a set of rules and probabilities?
- What is the current progress and views on collective/swarm intelligence?
- And what is the level of intelligence or brain capabilities required by an agent which if works collectively (like bees/ants broadly super-organisms) can exceed normal human intelligence?
EDIT: If we look at it nodes in a neural net are also kind of ants/bees. They just perform a hardwired calculation and output the result. Can we think of an ANN as swarm intelligence?
A collective answer explaining the reasoning for the views is highly appreciated. Thanks in advance!!