Who first coined the term Artificial Intelligence? Is there a published research paper that first used that term?
John McCarthy (1927 - 2011) was an American computer scientist. A pioneer in the foundations of artificial intelligence research, he coined the term "artificial intelligence". He was one of the creators of the (original) Lisp programming language, which was quite involved in early AI research in the 1960s and 1970s.
He coined the term in 1955, and organized the first Artificial Intelligence conference in 1956, while working as a math teacher at Dartmouth. He founded the AI labs at MIT and Stanford.
He's responsible for developing several other important concepts in today's mainstream computer science. Namely, he developed garbage collection (used by a Lisp interpreter) and designed the first time-sharing systems.
On a side note, McCarthy predicted that creating a truly intelligent machine would require 1.8 Einsteins and one-tenth the resources of the Manhattan Project
Machine Learning began in the early 20th century, a Spanish inventor, Torres y Quevedo, created a machine learning after the invention of digital computers. Fill in Machine Learning is basically a computer process for learning from data (Learn from data). Without data, computers will not be able to learn anything. Therefore, if we want to learn machine learning, we will definitely continue to interact with data. All machine learning knowledge will definitely involve data. Data can be the same, but the algorithms and approaches are different to get optimal results. 1952, Arthur Samuel created a program, game of checkers, on an IBM computer. The program can learn the movements to win the game checkers and save the movement into memory. since that. machine learning is increasingly popular