Imagine a system that is trained to manipulate dampers to manage air flow. The training data includes damper state and flow characteristics through a complex system of ducts. The system is then given an objective (e.g. maintain even flow to all outputs) and set loose to manage the dampers. As it performs those functions there are anomalies in the results which the system is able to detect. The algorithm CONTINUES to learn from its own empirical data, the result of implemented damper configurations, and refines its algorithm to improve performance seeking the optimum goal of perfectly even flow at all outputs.
What is that kind of learning or AI system called?