Is it possible to mention the drawbacks/advantages of Swarm routing (such as Ant routing etc) in comparison with classical routing algorithms in communication networks in a general view?

In other words, what will we gain if we replace a classical routing algorithm with a swarm routing based algorithm?

Can we compare these two type of routing algorithms in a general view to mention their to count the drawbacks/advantages?

The main purpose of this question is to define applications of each of those routing approaches. Which one is more decentralized? And which one has more efficient performance?

Here is my personal opinion (I am not sure about it) :

classical internet routing in more centralized than swarm routing (such as ACO based routing) which does not use any routing table and router to avoid moving towards centralization where those routing tables and routers can be manipulated (as a point of failure). Instead, classical internet routing may be faster than swarm based routing. Briefly, classical may be more centralized, but faster and on the other side, swarm based is more decentralized but may be slower. Am I wrong?

Please note that when I say "decentralized", I mean a network like "ad hoc networks" that do not rely on routers or access points (as a point of failure) to avoid moving towards centralization. In case of using routers or access point, some kind of centralization is inherent. With this definition of decentralization, it seems Swarm based routing such as Ant routing would be more decentralized. However, I am not sure about it and that's my main question.


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