- Is an artificial intelligence software? (a program or a set of programs) or can it be hardware?
AI or Artificial Intelligence is nothing but intelligence but in its artificial form. Intelligence comes from formation of rules and patterns in the data which is seen or on which it is trained.
For us, we programme or formulate these rules in Mathematics on which an Intelligence is created.
Ex. A neural network shows a lower level of Intelligence. It is created using basic rules of mathematics like gradient descent, derivatives and other arithmetic stuff.
These rules need a base to form themselves. Here's where computers come in. They run these rules on which intelligence thrives in binary ( or quantum sometimes ).
- But, every bit of information acquires physical space for processing and storage. Here's where hardware comes. Hardware provides the container in which information will be processed.
Hence, for an complete AI system, computer programmes provide a soul whereas hardware provides a body/physical form for the soul.
Since, only AI is concerned, it may run on any hardware as it is a software or program or a set of mathematical rules in binary state. Hence AI is a program.
- Both! Neither!
This requires formal computation theory.
From the standpoint of a Turing Machine, code is code—the idea is abstracted to demonstrate how it applies to all known forms of computation, which can be reduced to a linear sequence, "tape with a rulebook".
Artificial Intelligence connotes an artefact that demonstrates intelligence (rational decisions, where the degree of relative strength can be observed and measured or has a material affect.)
Hardware refers to the computing platform on which the code runs, and chips have their own rulesets. The structure of a chip can have varying degrees of optimality in regard to various functions, which can make hardware more of less optimal for various forms of AI.
Software is typically preferred for higher level AI functions because of the flexibility, and this has also fostered a resurgence of translated vs. compiled languages, since translated languages are easier to tweak on the fly, which is has advanteges for tuning.
- Any microprocessor can be emulated as software, just as any software can be imprinted on a chip. AI is neither hardware or software but the algorithm that makes decisions, which runs on a some form of machine.
Hardware and software provide the most typical platform for modern AI. Software is ultimately expendable—the potentially first AI was hardware only, but an AI in hardware-only form is incapable of learning.