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Questions tagged [biology]

The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields that cover their morphology, physiology, anatomy, behaviour, origin, and distribution.

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103 views
+50

Looking for comprehensive material on learning in mammals

I am looking for a source that really discusses the classic rules of learning in depth. So classical conditioning, operant conditioning, imitation learning... I have found an infinite number of books ...
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1answer
39 views

Does a data structure that models the encoding specificity principle in memory exist?

I find myself wondering if there exists a data structure with the following properties: Stores information Conforms to the encoding specificity principle Additionally to the existence of such a data ...
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1answer
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Is input normalization built-in into mammals sensory neurons?

The spectrum of human sensory inputs seems to fall within certain ranges suggesting normalization is built-in into biological NNs? It also adapts to circumstantial conditions, e.g. people living in a ...
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2answers
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How do biological neurons weights get initialized?

When trying to map artificial neuronal models to biological facts it was not possible to find an answer regarding the biological justification of randomly initializing the weights. Perhaps this is ...
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1answer
79 views

Are Modular Neural Networks more effective than large, monolithic networks at any tasks?

Modular/Multiple Neural networks (MNNs) revolve around training smaller, independent networks that can feed into each other or another higher network. In principle, the hierarchical organization ...
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0answers
68 views

What is the role of biology is in AI?

Biology is used in AI terminology. What are the reasons? What does biology have to do with AI? For instance, why is the genetic algorithm used in AI? Does it fully belong to biology?
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0answers
15 views

Is Hebbian learning the progenitor of AI?

Hebb's postulate attempts to explain associative learning via the processes of sampling (using sensors), emitting responses and receiving feedback. This is a form of control orientated architecture ...
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0answers
42 views

How does the degree of neuronal realism affect computing in a deep learning scenario?

Neurons can be simulated using different models that vary in the degree of biophysical realism. When designing an artificial neuronal network, I am interested in the consequences of choosing a degree ...
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3answers
155 views

How to model inhibitory synapses in the artificial neuron? [Biological inspiration]

In the brain some synapses are stimulating and some inhibiting. ReLu erases that property to only stimulating once, since in the brain inhibition doesn't mean 0 output, but more precisely - negative ...
6
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1answer
252 views

An Artificial Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system is a very important function of human biology. Unfortunately, due to the illegality of cannabis, it is a relatively new field of study. I have read a few articles about ...
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3answers
182 views

Compound intelligence?

A question about swarm intelligence as a potential method of strong general AI came up recently, and yielded some useful answers and clarifications regarding the nature of swarm intelligence. But it ...
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2answers
239 views

What's the difference in between biological evolution and artificial evolution?

I am trying to understand the difference between the workings biological evolution and artificial evolution. If we look at it in terms of genetics, in both of them, selection is the key term, natural ...
2
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2answers
155 views

Motivation that drives a rogue AI agent

This is a kind of biological and philosophical question. So, the recent concern in AI is that an AI agent may go rogue with prominent people voicing their concerns. Now say, we have created an AI (...
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2answers
273 views

Are biological neurons organized in consecutive layers as well?

I'm now reading a book titled Hands-On Machine Learning with Scikit-Learn and TensorFlow and in the Chapter 10 of the book, the author writes the following: The architecture of biological neural ...
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1answer
50 views

Would a neuromorphic SNN of the same complexity as the human nervous system be 'smarter'?

If the nervous system is wired up such that there are no well defined layers, how does this compare to a neatly stacked artificial net? If between my sensory and motor side I had a neatly designed SNN ...
8
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3answers
251 views

Is Artificial Intelligence restricted to electrical based technology?

According to Wikipedia: AI is intelligence exhibited by machines. I have been wondering if with the recent biological advancements, is there already a non-electrical-based "machine" that is ...
3
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1answer
494 views

How machine learning can help with sustainable development and biological conservation?

Recently White House published the article: Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence which says that government is working to leverage AI for public good and toward a more effective ...