# Questions tagged [boltzmann-machine]

For questions related to Boltzmann machines (aka stochastic Hopfield network with hidden units), which are stochastic recurrent neural networks, more precisely, they are Markov random fields.

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### How are Energy Based models really connected to Statistical Mechanics?

From statistical mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution over a system's energy states arises from the assumption that many replicas of the system are exchanging energy with each other. The ...
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### What is the difference between a stacked restricted Boltzmann machine and deep belief network?

What is the difference between stacked restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) and deep belief network (DBN)? Are they the same entity? If so, why? Is the latter some specific type of the former? If so, ...
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### What are the differences between a deep belief network, a restricted Boltzmann machine and a deep Boltzmann machine?

Can anyone list the differences between deep Belief network (DBN), restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM), deep Boltzmann machine (DBM) using simple examples? Links to other resources are also ...
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### Does the encoding of a restricted Boltzmann machine improve with more layers?

I'm using a restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) as an autoencoder. For now, I use a simple architecture of two layers, the input (~100 nodes) and the output (3 nodes) layers. I'm thinking to add more ...
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### How do we calculate the hidden units values in a (restricted) Boltzmann machine?

Now, Boltzmann machines are energy-based undirected networks, meaning there are no forward computations. Instead, for each input configuration $x$, a scalar energy is calculated to asses this ...
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### How is the distribution of the state related to the distribution of the units in Boltzmann machines?

I'm trying to understand Boltzmann machines. Tutorials explain it with two formulas. Logistic function for the probability of single units: $$p(unit=1)=\frac{1}{1+e^{-\sum_{x}wx } }$$ and, when the ...
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### What is the role of the hidden vectors in restricted Boltzmann machines?

I'm learning about the restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM), and I just came up with two naive understandings of this model. But it seems these two understandings are so different. My first ...