Questions tagged [classification]

For questions related to the placement of individual cases into categories, such as is essential in fraud detection, spam detection, quality control, prediction of user or market responses, automated organizing or indexing, assigning objects in view to types of obstacles or risks, writing or typing recognition, phonic recognition, .

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6 views

Can you add more layers in Transformers for classification

I am working on NLP classification task and I am using the AutoModelForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained("bert-base-uncased", num_labels=5) method. ...
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2answers
38 views

In classification, how does the number of classes affect the model size and amount of data needed to train?

When solving a classification problem with neural nets, be it text or images, how does the number of classes affect the model size and amount of data needed to train? Are there any soft or hard ...
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1answer
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Can I do topic classification of Arabic text (software requirements) without a training dataset?

I am trying to make a text classification for Arabic data. The problem is that there is no labeled Arabic dataset for this data. My question is then: is possible to do a classification without a ...
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18 views

Theoretical limits on correlation between classification algorithm performances

Are there any known theoretical bounds, or at least heuristic approaches, regarding the relation or correlation between the performances of any two different classification algorithms? For example, ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it possible to make a neural network to solve this “reaction time test”?

I'm thinking about writing an essay on the comparison between the human nervous system (reaction time) and a neural network that does the same reaction time test. I am very new in this area, so I was ...
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1answer
26 views

What approach to use for selecting one of the category according to short category text?

I need some tool to classify articles based on short category text which consists of two or three words separated by '-'. The RSS/XML tag content is for example: Foreign - News Football - Foreign I ...
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1answer
39 views

classification of unseen classes of image in open set classification

I have a scanned image, and they need to be classified in one of the pre-defined image classes, so that it can be sorted. However, the problem is the open nature of the classes. At testing time, new ...
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Using one-class classification first to find anomalies then apply multi-class classification

I'm new to machine learning and trying to apply it for fault detection, an idea came to mind which is using only anomaly detection after which if the results after a while come up as positive, a multi-...
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1answer
40 views

Is it possible to use k-nearest neighbour for classification with more than two attributes?

If I were to have a dataset of 9 attributes of different types that describe current weather, such as temperature, humidity, etc., and want to classify the current weather by use of a k-NN algorithm, ...
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1answer
267 views

Can ML/DL solve my classification problem?

I'm new to AI but would still like to try and get a project off the ground. I've read a lot about ML/DL the past few days but I just can't figure out if my problem can be solved with ML/DL. What I'm ...
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1answer
51 views

How to treat (label and process) edge case inputs in machine learning?

In every computer vision project, I struggle with labeling guidelines for border cases. Benchmark datasets don't have this problem, because they are 'cleaned', but in real life unsure cases often ...
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1answer
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How to go about classifying 1000 classes?

I am trying to find research paper with theory(preferably implementation) that is about classifying 1000 (or more) classes. I have heard of an implementation, that initially clustering needs to be ...
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For binary classification learning problems, how should I label instances where I'm only 60% sure?

I've come across a few binary classification problems lately where the labelling was challenging even for an expert. I'm wondering what I should do with this. Here are some of my suggestions to get ...
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In few-shot classification, should I use my custom dataset as the validation dataset and mini-ImageNet as the training dataset?

I am new to few-shot learning, and I wanted to get a hands-on understanding of it, using Reptile algorithm, applied to my custom dataset. My custom dataset has 30 categories, with 5 images per ...
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29 views

Multivariate time-series classification with many variables

I am attempting to use time-series classification algorithms for fraud detection applications. I have came across several works in the literature that propose novel techniques for multivariate time-...
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76 views

Why is the margin attained with $\Phi=\left[2 x, 2 x^{2}\right]^{T}$ greater than the margin attained with $\Phi=\left[x, x^{2}\right]^{T}$?

I am trying to understand the solution to part 4 of problem 3 from the midterm exam 6.867 Machine learning: Mid-term exam (October 15, 2003). For reproducibility, here is problem 3. We consider here ...
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2answers
105 views

If the training data are linearly separable, which of the following $L(w)$ has less optimum answer for $w$, when $y = w^Tx$?

I'm studying machine learning and I came into a challenging question. The answer is 2. But based on my ML notes, all of them are true. Where are the wrong points?
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99 views

How are temporal links made between following sequences in RNN?

Say I use an RNN, whatever is the cell's type, to perform time series classification. It can thus be seen as sequence classification. The time series is split into random, equal size, overlapping ...
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25 views

The last target name is missed in the test set

I am training a neural network with a dataset that has 51 classes and 6766 data in it. I used 80% for the training set, 10% for validation, and 10% for the test. After training I got confusion matrix ...
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45 views

How does the support vector machine constraint imply that sample selection bias will not systematically affect the output of the optimisation?

I am currently studying the paper Learning and Evaluating Classifiers under Sample Selection Bias by Bianca Zadrozny. In section 3.4. Support vector machines, the author says the following: 3.4. ...
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1answer
44 views

How to do early classification of time series event with small dataset?

I would like to build a real-time binary classifier that can predict an event of interest that is occurring as soon as it starts. These are electromyographic signals, and the event classification ...
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1answer
76 views

What is meant by “the number of examples is reduced”, and why is this the case?

I am currently studying the paper Learning and Evaluating Classifiers under Sample Selection Bias by Bianca Zadrozny. In section 3.2. Logistic Regression, the author says the following: 3.2. Logistic ...
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17 views

Is the PR AUC invariant under label flip?

The ROC-AUC curve is invariant under a flip of the labels. I don't know if it's a famous result, so I will give the proof below. My question is if the PR-AUC curve also has this property. I have not ...
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21 views

Network structure of generative model for classification

I'm trying to model a generative model for classification problem, especially aiming to solve an imbalanced data problem. However, I couldn't get intuitive understanding for generative classifier in ...
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2answers
114 views

What does the depth of a decision tree depend on?

In these notes, we have the following statement The depth of a learned decision tree can be larger than the number of training examples used to create the tree This statement is false, according to ...
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14 views

Can we encode categories binarily in a classification task using neurons outputs as consecutive bits?

Let's say, that we have a simple neural network as the one depicted below: The goal of this NN is to classify inputs into two separate categories. Usualy, each neuron would correspond to one category,...
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24 views

Literature on the advantages of using an auto-encoder for classification

Given a supervised problem with X, y input pairs, one can do two things for obtaining the function f that maps X with y with Neural Networks (and in general in machine learning): Deploy directly a ...
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20 views

Image classification - Need method to classify “unknown” objects as “trash” (3D objects)

We have an image classifier that was built using CNN with faster R-CNN and Yolov5. It is designated to run on 3D objects. All of those objects have similar "features" structure, but the ...
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1answer
67 views

Is this referring to the true underlying distribution, or the distribution of our sample?

I am currently studying the paper Learning and Evaluating Classifiers under Sample Selection Bias by Bianca Zadrozny. In the introduction, the author says the following: One of the most common ...
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10 views

How to make specific test data prediction with fitted GaussianNB Classifier in Python

I'm trying to make news classification. Here is the neural network: ...
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31 views

Which ML approach could determine that a number greater than 5 is not prime, knowing that a number is not prime if it ends with an even digit or 5?

I have started studying ML just a short while ago, so that my questions will be very elementary. That being so, if they are not welcome, just tell me and I'll stop asking them. I gave myself a ...
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24 views

What are ways to learn a classifier for labelling a series of images rather than individual images?

... and how do I reword my question in the title? I have a dataset where each "instance" has a "series" of multiple photos taken from different angles. I need to classify each ...
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40 views

Where can I find pre-trained agents able to play games with multiple stages like exploration, dialog, combat?

My goal is to create an ML model to be able to classify different game stages, e.g., dialog with a non-player character, exploration, combat with enemy, in-game menu etc. In order to do that, I am ...
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20 views

CNN to detect presence/absense of label on images with mixed labels

Here's my problem: I work with medical image classification, and currently I have 3 classes: class A: images with lesion 1 only; and images with lesion 1 and N other lesions class B: images with 2 ...
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16 views

How to classify anomalies between two sound datasets?

I have two sound datasets and each one has 80% normal and 20% anomalous data points. The first one is a rock song and the second one is a mellow indie song. I use half of the normal data as a baseline ...
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1answer
51 views

Single-Shot Learning for Object Re-Identification

I am looking for a way to re-identify/classify/recognize x real life objects (x < 50) with a camera. Each object should be presented to the AI only once for learning and there's always only one of ...
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1answer
53 views

Why do we resize images before using them for object detection?

In object detection, we can resize images by keeping the ratio the same as the original image, which is often known as "letterbox" resize. My questions are Why do we need to resize images? ...
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1answer
30 views

Support Vector Machine Convert optimisation problem from argmax to argmin

I'm new to the AI Stackexchange and wasn't certain if this should go here or to Maths instead but thought the context with ML may be useful to understand my problem. I hope posting this question here ...
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44 views

How can I determine the k-NN's hyper-parameters and their range that significantly influence the outcome of classification?

Algorithm: Classification by k-nearest neighbors with Euclidean distance (neighbors.KNeighborsClassifier). Determine the important hyperparameters (2 maximum) that can significantly influence ...
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27 views

How to find a parameter combination for a black box using AI?

I am working on a project where I encountered a component which takes 96 arguments (all integer values) and outputs 12 float values. I would like to find a useful combination of these 96 values to ...
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1answer
74 views

How can I determine whether a video's frame is realistic (was recorded by a camera) or contains computer-generated graphics?

Given a video, I'm trying to classify whether it is a graphical (computer-generated) or realistic scene. For instance, if it contains computer-generated graphics, credit, moving bugs, blue screen, etc....
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19 views

What is the best neural network model to classify an x(t) signal according two classes?

I am a beginner in AI methods. I have a collection of x(t) data, where x are some signal amplitudes and t is a time. My testing data are divided into two classes, say those from good and bad ...
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19 views

Role of autoencoder in Hierarchical Extreme Learning Machine

I want to build HELM neural network that consists of autoencoder (AE) and one class classification (OC). HELM with AE and OC have following shape: That is, hidden layer output of AE is input of OC. ...
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1answer
50 views

How can I train a CNN to detect when a person is smoking outside of shop given images from a video camera?

My friend is working at a pizza shop. He takes cigarette breaks in an area that is covered by the public webcam of our town. I now want to train a convolutional neural network to be able to detect ...
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15 views

Loss function for better class separability in multi class classification

So I am trying to enforce better separability in my deep learning model and was wondering what I can use besides cross entropy loss to do that? Could maybe using logarithm with different basis in ...
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1answer
57 views

Comparing a large/general CNN to a smaller more specialized one?

I am still somewhat a novice in the ML world, but I had a strange idea about CNNs and wanted to ask if this would be a valid way to check the robustness of a general CNN that classifies certain images....
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39 views

Estimating $\sigma_i$ according to maximum likelihood method

Let be a Bayesian multivariate normal distribution classifier with distinct covariance matrices for each class and isotropic, i.e. with equal values over the entire diagonal and zero otherwise, $\...
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11 views

How do you make a regression model from a binary labeled dataset?

Suppose I have a dataset with hand images. Hand completely opened is labeled as 0 and hand completely closed (fist) are labeled as 1. I also have a bunch of unlabeled images of hands which, if ...
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1answer
41 views

Do we need non-linear activation function in neural networks whose task isn't classification?

While researching why we need non linear activation functions, all the explanations revolve around neural network being able to separate values that aren't linearly separable. So I wonder, if we have ...
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8 views

Need some help in understanding a Research paper on Auto Image Colorization

I am having trouble understanding implementation of a research paper. Paper I need assistance in the 3.6 Final Classification Model on page 3. How exactly should the pixels be discretized into 50 bins?...

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