Questions tagged [comparison]

For questions that involve the comparison of two AI concepts, terms or expressions. An example of such a question is: how does machine learning compare to deep learning?

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125 views

What are the differences between CRF and HMM?

What I know about CRF is that they are discriminative models, while HMM are generative models, but, in the inference method, both use the same algorithm, that is, the Viterbi algorithm, and forward ...
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2answers
745 views

What are the major differences between cost, loss, error, fitness, utility, objective, criterion functions?

I find the terms cost, loss, error, fitness, utility, objective, criterion functions to be interchangeable, but any kind of minor difference explained is appreciated.
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What is the difference between learning without forgetting and transfer learning?

I would like to incrementally train my model with my current dataset and I asked this question on Github, which is what I'm using SSD MobileNet v1. Someone there told me about learning without ...
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1answer
223 views

How is Monte Carlo different from model-based methods?

I was going through an article where it is mentioned: The Monte-Carlo methods require only knowledge base (history/past experiences)—sample sequences of (states, actions and rewards) from the ...
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1answer
178 views

What is the difference between image processing and computer vision?

What is the difference between image processing and computer vision? They are apparently both used in artificial intelligence.
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1answer
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What is the relationship between degrees of freedom and the size of the training dataset?

I am going through the book Pattern Recognition by Bishop. At one point he says For $M = 9$, the training set error goes to zero, as we might expect because this polynomial contains 10 degrees of ...
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1answer
68 views

Is an optimization algorithm equivalent to a neural network?

Is an optimization algorithm equivalent to a neural network?
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2answers
131 views

What is the difference between a machine learning engineer and deep learning engineer? [closed]

What is the difference between a Machine Learning Engineer and Deep Learning Engineer and an AI developer? What would be their daily tasks at the office?
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1answer
136 views

Does GraphSage use hard attention?

I was reading the recent paper Graph Representation Learning via Hard and Channel-Wise Attention Networks, where the authors claim that there is no hard attention operator for graph data. From my ...
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1answer
158 views

Can a computer conclude following philosophical concepts from a story?

Say you have to enter a story to a computer. Now the computer has to identify the philosophical concept on which the story is based, say: Was it a "self-fulfilling prophecy"? Was it an example of "...
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1answer
485 views

Can a vanilla neural network theoretically achieve the same performance as CNN?

I perfectly understand that CNN takes into account the local dependency of each pixel to the nearby pixels. In addition, CNNs are spatially invariant which means that they are able to detect the same ...
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0answers
428 views

What are the differences between Deepfakes, FaceSwap and Face2Face?

I've compared videos manipulated with three different automated face manipulation methods: Deepfakes, Face2Face, and FaceSwap. Surprisingly, I found the output videos quite different: Deepfakes and ...
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1answer
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What are options in reinforcement learning?

According to a lecture about Reinforcement Learning, the concept of options allows searching the state space of an agent much faster. The lecture came from Nptel [1] (National Program on Technology ...
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2answers
177 views

What is the difference between return and expected return?

At a time step $t$, for a state $S_{t}$, the return is defined as the discounted cumulative reward from that time step $t$. If an agent is following a policy (which in itself is a probability ...
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1answer
220 views

Is there any difference between a control and an action in reinforcement learning?

There are reinforcement learning papers (e.g. Metacontrol for Adaptive Imagination-Based Optimization) that use (apparently, interchangeably) the term control or action to refer to the effect of the ...
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108 views

What are the differences between network analysis and geometric deep learning on graphs?

Both of them deal with data of graph structure like a network community. Is there a big difference there?
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between a stationary and a non-stationary policy?

In reinforcement learning, there are deterministic and non-deterministic (or stochastic) policies, but there are also stationary and non-stationary policies. What is the difference between a ...
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What is the difference between Knowledge Representation and Automated Reasoning?

Knowledge Representation and Automated Reasoning are two AI subfields which seem to have something to do with reasoning. However, I can't find any information online about their relationship. Are ...
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1answer
155 views

How to transform a PDDL to search?

I have a question about search and planning: I still haven't understood the difference from the two, but they seem very similar to me; here is a question I am struggling with: "Having formulated a ...
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348 views

What is the difference between GAT and GaAN?

I was looking at two papers Graph Attention Networks (GAT) by Petar Veličković and GaAN: Gated Attention Networks for Learning on Large and Spatiotemporal Graphs by Jiani Zhang. I'm trying to ...
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1answer
156 views

A* is similar to Dijkstra with reduced cost

According to this Wikipedia article If the heuristic $h$ satisfies the additional condition $h(x) \leq d(x, y) + h(y)$ for every edge $(x, y)$ of the graph (where $d$ denotes the length of that edge),...
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3answers
1k views

Can the decoder in a transformer model be parallelized like the encoder?

Can the decoder in a transformer model be parallelized like the encoder? As far as I understand, the encoder has all the tokens in the sequence to compute the self-attention scores. But for a decoder,...
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3answers
593 views

What is the difference between Sentiment Analysis and Emotion Recognition?

I found Sentiment Analysis and Emotion Recognition as two different categories on paperswithcode.com. Should both be the same as my understanding? If not what's the difference?
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1answer
255 views

What is the relation between Monte Carlo and model-free algorithms?

Monte Carlo (MC) methods are methods that use some form of randomness or sampling. For example, we can use an MC method to approximate the area of a circle inside a square: we generate random 2D ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the difference between a stochastic and a deterministic policy?

In reinforcement learning, there are the concepts of stochastic (or probabilistic) and deterministic policies. What is the difference between them?
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3answers
5k views

What is the relation between semi-supervised and self-supervised visual representation learning?

What's the differences between semi-supervised learning and self-supervised visual representation learning, and how they are connected?
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1answer
143 views

What is the relationship between MLE and naive Bayes?

I have found various references describing Naive Bayes and they all demonstrated that it used MLE for the calculation. However, this is my understanding: $P(y=c|x)$ $\propto$ $P(x|y=c)P(y=c)$ with $...
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1answer
790 views

How fast does Monte Carlo tree search converge?

How fast does Monte Carlo Tree Search converge? Is there proof that it does converge? How does it compare to Temporal Difference learning in terms of convergence speed (assuming the evaluation step ...
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2answers
110 views

Why is it harder to achieve good results using neural network based algorithms for multi step time series forecasting?

There are different kinds of machine learning algorithms, both univariate and multivariate, that are used for time series forecasting: for example ARIMA, VAR or AR. Why is it harder (compared to ...
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2answers
2k views

What is a recurrent neural network?

Surprisingly, this wasn't asked before - at least I didn't find anything besides some vaguely related questions. So, what is a recurrent neural network, and what are their advantages over regular (or ...
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1answer
105 views

Is there a Hebb neural network?

Is there a Hebb neural network? What kind of functions can it implement? Or, are there multiple "Hebb networks", that is, neural networks that learn in a Hebbian fashion?
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1answer
514 views

Why is informed search more efficient than uninformed search?

Why does informed search more efficiently finds a solution than an uninformed search?
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2answers
202 views

What is the difference between search and learning?

I came across an article, The Bitter Truth, via the Two Minute Papers YouTube Channel. Rich Sutton says... One thing that should be learned from the bitter lesson is the great power of general ...
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0answers
132 views

What are the key differences between cellular neural network and convolutional neural network?

What are the key differences between cellular neural networks and convolutional neural networks in terms of working principle, implementation, potential performance, and applicability?
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2answers
1k views

Is REINFORCE the same as 'vanilla policy gradient'?

I don't know what people mean by 'vanilla policy gradient', but what comes to mind is REINFORCE, which is the simplest policy gradient algorithm I can think of. Is this an accurate statement? By ...
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1answer
469 views

What are the differences between the DQN variants?

There are several variants of the DQN model. For example, double DQN, duelling DQN, prioritized DQN, distributed prioritized DQN, episodic memory DQN, asynchronous n-step DQN and multiple DQN. What ...
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2answers
5k views

What is the difference between reinforcement learning and optimal control?

Coming from a process (optimal) control background, I have begun studying the field of deep reinforcement learning. Sutton & Barto (2015) state that particularly important (to the writing of the ...
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1answer
364 views

When is content-based more appropriate than collaborative filtering?

I know the difference between content-based and collaborative filtering approach in recommender systems. I also know some of the articles said collaborative filtering have some advantages than content-...
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1answer
63 views

Are there any advantages of using rules-based approaches versus models for detecting spam?

Suppose that we have unlabeled data. That is, all we have are a collection of emails and want to determine whether any of them is spam or not. Let's say we have $1,000$ rules to determine whether a ...
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1answer
273 views

What is the difference between backpropagation and predictive coding?

Reading the high-level descriptions of backpropagation and predictive coding, they don't sound so drastically different. What is the key difference between these techniques? I am currently reading ...
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1answer
47 views

What is the difference between a problem representation and problem modelling?

As far as I know, a problem representation is the formulation of the problem in a way that it can be programmed and therefore solved (for example, you can represent the $N$-queens problem by using an ...
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1answer
382 views

Why would someone use NEAT over other machine learning algorithms?

Why would someone use a neuroevolution algorithm, such as NEAT, over other machine learning algorithms? What situation would only apply to an algorithm such as NEAT, but no other machine learning ...
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3answers
55k views

What is self-supervised learning in machine learning?

What is self-supervised learning in machine learning? How is it different from supervised learning?
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2answers
1k views

What is “planning” in the context of reinforcement learning, and how is it different from RL and SL?

This is an excerpt taken from Sutton and Barto (pg. 3): Another key feature of reinforcement learning is that it explicitly considers the whole problem of a goal-directed agent interacting with an ...
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1answer
903 views

What is the difference between an episode, a trajectory and a rollout?

I often see the terms episode, trajectory and rollout to refer to basically the same thing, a list of (state, action, rewards). Are there any concrete differences between the terms or can they be used ...
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2answers
484 views

Apart from the state and state-action value functions, what are other examples of value functions used in RL?

In reinforcement learning, we often define two functions, the state-value function $$V^\pi(s) = \mathbb{E}_{\pi} \left[\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \gamma^{k}R_{t+k+1} \Bigg| S_t=s \right]$$ and the state-...
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2answers
103 views

What is the difference between automatic transcription and automatic speech recognition?

What is the difference between automatic transcription and automatic speech recognition? Are they the same? Is my following interpretation correct? Automatic transcription: it converts the speech to ...
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1answer
422 views

What is the difference between meta-learning and zero-shot learning?

What is the difference between meta-learning and zero-shot learning? Are they synonymous? I have seen articles where they seem to imply that they are at least very similar concepts.
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2answers
212 views

What is the difference between human brains and neural networks? [duplicate]

There are many people trying to show how neural networks are still very different from humans, but I fail to see in what way human brains are different from neural models in anything but complexity. ...
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2answers
223 views

What are the strengths of the Hierarchical Temporal Memory model compared to competing models?

What are the strengths of the Hierarchical Temporal Memory model compared to competing models such as 'traditional' Neural Networks as used in deep learning? And for those strengths are there other ...

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