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Questions tagged [definitions]

For questions about the definition of terms used in artificial intelligence research and development, including the definition of intelligence, algorithms, jargon, principles, methodologies, mathematical terms, concepts, topologies, architectures, designs, jargon, and AI domains such as robotics, ...

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2answers
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Is AlphaZero an example of an AGI?

From DeepMind's research paper on arxiv.org: In this paper, we apply a similar but fully generic algorithm, which we call AlphaZero, to the games of chess and shogi as well as Go, without any ...
2
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1answer
25 views

What is successor function?

In CSP (Constraint Satisfaction Problem) state is a "black box"- any data structure that supports a successor function, heuristic function, and goal test. What is the successor function ?
3
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3answers
89 views

Is an algorithm that is no longer actively learning an AI?

This question assumes a definition of AI based on machine learning, and was inspired by this fun Technology Review post: SOURCE: Is this AI? We drew you a flowchart to work it out (Karen Hao, MIT ...
0
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0answers
33 views

What is a goal based agent?

What is a goal based agent and how are goal-based agents applied in artificial intelligence? (For instance, can neural networks be goal based?)
13
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10answers
598 views

What is Artificial Intelligence?

I am new to Artificial Intelligence Field,My question is how can I define Artificial Intelligence in the best possible way?
6
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2answers
275 views

Definition of rationality

I'm having a little trouble with the definition of rationality, which goes something like: "An agent is rational if it maximizes it's performance measure given its current knowledge." I've read that ...
8
votes
6answers
243 views

What do we mean when we say 'intelligence'?

My question is that when we talk about artificial intelligence, human intelligence or any other form of intelligence, what do we mean by the term intelligence in a general sense? I mean what would ...
6
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1answer
200 views

Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence

Having analysed,reviewed quite a number of user questions inline with answers concerning AI,sometimes I understand nor take note that AI community does not try much to avoid the term computational ...
2
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1answer
123 views

How does Microsoft use AI to make Windows 10 updates smoother

According to this news, Microsoft is using AI to make Windows 10 updates smoother. So I was curious and went further to search and came across this website, which describes: Artificial Intelligence ...
5
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1answer
176 views

Is a mathematical formula a form of intelligence?

Warning: This question takes us into VALIS territory, but I wouldn't underestimate the profundity of that particular philosopher. There is a non-AI definition of intelligence which is simply "...
2
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1answer
1k views

What is the “fringe” in the context of search algorithms?

I encountered the algorithm below, which is the general tree search algorithm. ...
8
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3answers
4k views

What is the difference between a Convolutional Neural Network and a regular Neural Network?

I've seen these terms thrown around this site a lot, specifically in the tags convolutional-neural-networks and neural-networks. I know that a Neural Network is a system based loosely on the human ...
0
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1answer
365 views

What is the relation between back-propagation and reinforcement learning?

What is the relation between back-propagation and reinforcement learning?
3
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2answers
210 views

What are different approaches used in Machine Learning?

There seem to be so many sub-fields, so I'm interested in getting a better understanding of the approaches. I'm looking for information on a single framework per answer, in order to allow for ...
3
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4answers
148 views

What other kind of AIs exist apart from goal-driven?

Goal-driven AIs is the only kind of AI I am aware of. However, Marcus Hutter claims the following Most, if not all known facets of intelligence can be formulated as goal driven or, more generally, ...
0
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1answer
24 views

What qualifies a Voice Assistant to be an AI?

If some claim they are doing Artificial Intelligence by providing a Voice Assistant, what shall we expect from this Voice Assistant for the claim of doing "Artificial Intelligence" to be correct? ...
5
votes
3answers
120 views

Does any Math/Algos actually mimic human intelligence?

I've been reading about AI/Deep Learning, etc. to understand robots (i.e. Elon Musk warning). But I must be missing something... Can the entire field be summed-up in this one sentence? "Neural ...
3
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1answer
392 views

Difference between partial searching and complete searching Algorithms

In Artificial intelligent, concerning the topic "finding solution by searching", we discussed partial searching and complete searching algorithms. But I can't understand the difference between partial ...
8
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2answers
371 views

Examples of uses of artificial intelligence at work

I'm going to give a talk, and I'm preparing the material. The purpose of the conversation is to convince companies in my region that it is possible to apply artificial intelligence in solving everyday ...
2
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2answers
87 views

Can an Markov decision process be dependent on the past?

As far as I know MDP are independent from the past. But the definition says that the same policy should always take the same action depending on the state. What if I define my state as the current "...
7
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1answer
309 views

Is there a theoretical maximum for intelligence?

From Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Third Edition, Chapter 26: Note that the concept of ultraintelligent machines assumes that intelligence is an especially important attribute, and if ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Searching keywords on web

I have not studied machine learning or AI really, but my job sometimes requires me to automate stuff. Right now the requirement I have, seems to be under AI domain, but I am not sure about ...
7
votes
3answers
192 views

Can a technological singularity only occur with ultra-intelligent machines, or can other type of maximizers cause technological singularities?

From Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Third Edition... In Chapter 26, the textbook discussed "technological singularity". It quotes I.J. Good, who wrote in 1965: Let an ultraintelligent ...
3
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4answers
254 views

How can one distinguish between an AI and a “sufficiently advanced algorithm”?

Any sufficiently advanced algorithm is indistinguishable from AI.---Michael Paulukonis According to What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?, there are certain requirements that a ...
6
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2answers
235 views

What exactly are the differences between semantic and lexical-semantic networks?

What exactly are the differences between semantic and lexical-semantic networks?
2
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2answers
174 views

Are CRUD webapps today the modern version of the “expert system”?

From Wikipedia, citations omitted: In artificial intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert. Expert systems are designed to ...
4
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2answers
674 views

How can we connect artificial intelligence with cognitive psychology?

Cognitive Psychology is one of the basic sciences of artificial intelligence (AI). The founder of the psychology is Wilhelm W.(1832-1920), who engaged in empirical methods,and was interested in the ...
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1answer
110 views

What is the definition of artificial intelligence? [duplicate]

The concept is intrinsically related with building some sort of media for the AI to exists. We may think of a digital computer, programmed to use language and act in a way that we cannot be ...
4
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2answers
5k views

Difference between agent function and agent program

What is the difference between agent function and agent program with respect to percept sequence? In the book "Artificial Intelligence: A modern approach", The agent function, notionally speaking, ...
8
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1answer
392 views

What are Hyper-heuristics?

I wanted to know what the differences between hyper-heuristics and meta-heuristics are, and what their main applications are. Which problems are suited to be solved by Hyper-heuristics?
5
votes
1answer
128 views

What is Statistical relational learning?

I have gone through the wikipedia explanation of SRL. But, it only confused me more: Statistical relational learning (SRL) is a subdiscipline of artificial intelligence and machine learning that is ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

What is predicate argument recognition?

There is a study about The Necessity of Parsing for Predicate Argument Recognition, however I couldn't find much information about 'Predicate Argument Recognition' which could explain it. What is it ...
0
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1answer
684 views

What is the Control Problem?

The Wikipedia page describes AI control problem in very intricated way. Therefore I would like to better understand it based on some simple explanation, what's going on. Basically I don't want any ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

What is the difference between abstract, autonomous and virtual intelligent agents?

On Wikipedia, we can read about different type of intelligent agents: abstract intelligent agents (AIA), autonomous intelligent agents, virtual intelligent agent (IVA), which I've found on other ...
17
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5answers
2k views

What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
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1answer
77 views

Is Deep Blue superintelligent or not? [closed]

When AI has some narrow domain such as chess where it can outperform the world's human masters of chess, does it make it a superintelligence or not?
4
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1answer
722 views

What is meant by death in this paper?

In this paper, a proposal is given for what death could mean for Artificial Intelligence. What does this mean using English only? I understand that mathematical notation is useful for giving a ...
6
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1answer
119 views

What is “early stopping” in relation to AI, and why is it important?

What is "early stopping" and what are the advantages using this method? How does it help exactly? I've read the wiki, but I'd be interested in perspectives, and links to recent research.
7
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3answers
351 views

What is “backprop”?

What does "backprop" mean? I've Googled it, but it's showing backpropagation. Is the "backprop" term basically the same as "backpropagation" or does it have a different meaning?