Questions tagged [definitions]

For questions about the definition of terms used in artificial intelligence research and development, including the definition of intelligence, algorithms, jargon, principles, methodologies, mathematical terms, concepts, topologies, architectures, designs, jargon, and AI domains such as robotics, network training, or automated vehicles.

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43
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3answers
23k views

What is the difference between strong-AI and weak-AI?

I've heard the terms strong-AI and weak-AI used. Are these well defined terms or subjective ones? How are they generally defined?
36
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4answers
1k views

What is the concept of the technological singularity?

I've heard the idea of the technological singularity, what is it and how does it relate to Artificial Intelligence? Is this the theoretical point where Artificial Intelligence machines have progressed ...
28
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6answers
50k views

What is the difference between a convolutional neural network and a regular neural network?

I've seen these terms thrown around this site a lot, specifically in the tags convolutional-neural-networks and neural-networks. I know that a neural network is a system based loosely on the human ...
26
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7answers
3k views

What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example, people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
23
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7answers
2k views

What is artificial intelligence?

What is the definition of artificial intelligence?
19
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3answers
6k views

Why can't OCR be perceived as a good example of AI?

On the Wikipedia page about AI, we can read: Optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of "artificial intelligence" having become a routine technology. On the other hand, ...
16
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1answer
370 views

Are search engines considered AI?

Are search engines considered AI because of the way they analyze what you search for and remember it? Or how they send you ads of what you've searched for recently? Is this considered AI or just ...
14
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5answers
3k views

What is the idea called involving an AI that will eventually rule humanity?

It's an idea I heard a while back but couldn't remember the name of. It involves the existence and development of an AI that will eventually rule the world and that if you don't fund or progress the ...
14
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1answer
14k views

What is the difference between tree search and graph search?

I have read various answers to this question at different places, but I am still missing something. What I have understood is that a graph search holds a closed list, with all expanded nodes, so ...
14
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5answers
498 views

What is the most general definition of “intelligence”?

When we talk about artificial intelligence, human intelligence or any other form of intelligence, what do we mean by the term intelligence in a general sense? What would you call intelligent and what ...
13
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2answers
2k views

What is geometric deep learning?

What is geometric deep learning (GDL)? How is it different from deep learning? Why do we need GDL? What are some applications of GDL?
12
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2answers
2k views

What is a recurrent neural network?

Surprisingly, this wasn't asked before - at least I didn't find anything besides some vaguely related questions. So, what is a recurrent neural network, and what are their advantages over regular (or ...
11
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13answers
11k views

Is AI living or non-living?

I'm a bit confused about the definition of life. Can AI systems be called 'living'? Because they can do most of the things that we can. They can even communicate with one another. They are not ...
11
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2answers
11k views

What are bottleneck features?

In the blog post Building powerful image classification models using very little data, bottleneck features are mentioned. What are the bottleneck features? Do they change with the architecture that is ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Is AlphaZero an example of an AGI?

From DeepMind's research paper on arxiv.org: In this paper, we apply a similar but fully generic algorithm, which we call AlphaZero, to the games of chess and shogi as well as Go, without any ...
11
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1answer
648 views

What are Hyper-heuristics?

I wanted to know what the differences between hyper-heuristics and meta-heuristics are, and what their main applications are. Which problems are suited to be solved by Hyper-heuristics?
11
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1answer
3k views

What are ontologies in AI?

What exactly are ontologies in AI? How should I write them and why are they important?
10
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3answers
234 views

What is a deep neural network? [duplicate]

What is the definition of a deep neural network? Why are they so popular or important?
10
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between artificial intelligence and computational intelligence?

Having analyzed and reviewed a certain amount of articles and questions, apparently, the expression computational intelligence (CI) is not used consistently and it is still unclear the relationship ...
10
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3answers
333 views

Can a technological singularity only occur with superintelligence?

In Chapter 26 of the book Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd edition), the textbook discusses "technological singularity". It quotes I.J. Good, who wrote in 1965: Let an ultra-...
9
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1answer
6k views

What is the credit assignment problem?

In reinforcement learning (RL), the credit assignment problem (CAP) seems to be an important problem. What is the CAP? Why is it relevant to RL?
9
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3answers
2k views

What are the criteria for a system to be considered intelligent? [duplicate]

For example, could you provide reasons why a sundial is not "intelligent"? A sundial senses its environment and acts rationally. It outputs the time. It also stores percepts. (The numbers the ...
8
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5answers
513 views

What is “backprop”?

What does "backprop" mean? Is the "backprop" term basically the same as "backpropagation" or does it have a different meaning?
8
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3answers
257 views

What is a support vector machine?

What is a support vector machine (SVM)? Is an SVM a kind of a neural network, meaning it has nodes and weights, etc.? What is it best used for? Where I can find information about these?
8
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1answer
480 views

What is “early stopping” in machine learning?

What is early stopping in machine learning and, in general, artificial intelligence? What are the advantages of using this method? How does it help exactly? I'd be interested in perspectives and ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What is the definition of rationality?

I'm having a little trouble with the definition of rationality, which goes something like: An agent is rational if it maximizes its performance measure given its current knowledge. I've read that ...
7
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1answer
358 views

What are different approaches used in Machine Learning?

There seem to be so many sub-fields, so I'm interested in getting a better understanding of the approaches. I'm looking for information on a single framework per answer, in order to allow for ...
7
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1answer
9k views

What is the fringe in the context of search algorithms?

What is the fringe in the context of search algorithms?
7
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2answers
221 views

Are humans intelligent according to the definition of an intelligent agent?

Given the following definition of an intelligent agent (taken from a Wikipedia article) If an agent acts so as to maximize the expected value of a performance measure based on past experience and ...
7
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1answer
535 views

Can neural networks with a sigmoid as the activation function of the output layer approximate continuous functions?

Neural networks are commonly used for classification tasks, in fact from this post it seems like that's where they shine brightest. However, when we want to classify using neural networks, we often ...
7
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2answers
126 views

What does learning mean?

Can someone explain what is the process of learning? What does it mean to learn something?
7
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1answer
185 views

What is predicate argument recognition?

There is a study about The Necessity of Parsing for Predicate Argument Recognition, however I couldn't find much information about 'Predicate Argument Recognition' which could explain it. What is it ...
7
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2answers
3k views

What is a learning agent?

What is a learning agent, and how does it work? What are examples of learning agents (e.g., in the field of robotics)?
7
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3answers
414 views

What types of applications qualify as “compound intelligences”?

A question about swarm intelligence as a potential method of strong general AI came up recently, and yielded some useful answers and clarifications regarding the nature of swarm intelligence. But it ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What algorithms are considered reinforcement learning algorithms?

What are the areas that belong to the Reinforcement Learning? TD(0), Q-Learning and SARSA are all temporal-difference algorithms, which belong to the reinforcement learning area, but is there more to ...
6
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1answer
19k views

What are some examples of intelligent agents for each intelligent agent class?

There are several classes of intelligent agents, such as: simple reflex agents model-based reflex agents goal-based agents utility-based agents learning agents Each of these agents behaves slightly ...
6
votes
1answer
291 views

What is the mathematical definition of an activation function?

What is the mathematical definition of an activation function to be used in a neural network? So far I did not find a precise one, summarizing which criterions (e.g. monotonicity, differentiability, ...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

How does the uniform-cost search algorithm work?

What is the uniform-cost search (UCS) algorithm? How does it work? I would appreciate seeing a graphical execution of the algorithm. How does the frontier evolve in the case of UCS?
6
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2answers
477 views

What exactly are the differences between semantic and lexical-semantic networks?

What exactly are the differences between semantic and lexical-semantic networks?
6
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2answers
653 views

How can the multiple intelligences model be incorporated into AI?

I have been wondering since a while ago about the theory of multiple intelligences and how they could fit in the field of Artificial Intelligence as a whole. We hear from time to time about Leonardo ...
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Is a mathematical formula a form of intelligence?

Warning: This question takes us into VALIS territory, but I wouldn't underestimate the profundity of that particular philosopher. There is a non-AI definition of intelligence which is simply "...
5
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4answers
149 views

Does the recent advent of a Go playing computer represent Artificial Intelligence?

I read that in the spring of 2016 a computer Go program was finally able to beat a professional human for the first time. Now that this milestone has been reached, does that represent a significant ...
5
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3answers
884 views

What is Reinforcement Learning?

What is the cleanest, easiest way to explain someone who is a non-STEM work colleague the concept of Reinforcement Learning? What are the main ideas behind Reinforcement Learning?
5
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3answers
197 views

Is there any artificially intelligent system that really mimics human intelligence?

After having read something that Elon Musk said about artificial intelligence and how it could affect our lives, I've been reading about artificial intelligence, deep learning, etc. The recurrent ...
5
votes
1answer
841 views

What is a trap function in the context of a genetic algorithm?

What is a trap function in the context of a genetic algorithm? How is it related to the concepts of local and global optima?
5
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1answer
194 views

What is Statistical relational learning?

I have gone through the wikipedia explanation of SRL. But, it only confused me more: Statistical relational learning (SRL) is a subdiscipline of artificial intelligence and machine learning that is ...
5
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1answer
3k views

What is the difference between local search and global search algorithms?

What is the difference between local search and global (or complete) search algorithms?
5
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1answer
183 views

How do I recognise a bandit problem?

I'm having difficulty understanding the distinction between a bandit problem and a non-bandit problem. An example of the bandit problem is an agent playing $n$ slot machines with the goal of ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between search and planning?

I'm studying Artificial Intelligence. A Modern Approach, Stuart Russell, Peter Norvig, specifically about search and planning arguments. I don't understand the difference between the two terms. I was ...
5
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2answers
133 views

Is an algorithm that is no longer actively learning an AI?

This question assumes a definition of AI based on machine learning, and was inspired by this fun Technology Review post: SOURCE: Is this AI? We drew you a flowchart to work it out (Karen Hao, MIT ...