Questions tagged [ethics]

For questions on ethical issues related to AI. Questions may be concrete, such as ethical/unethical applications, or metaphysical, such as "will automata develop their own ethics?"

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How can it be shown clearly and transparently that the outcomes of data-driven health and care technology are validated?

The National Health Service (NHS) wrote down several principles in a document Code of conduct for data-driven health and care technology (updated 18 July 2019). I am concerned with principle 7. Show ...
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

When is it appropriate to use information like sex or race in ethical machine learning?

I'm a little confused on best practices regarding ethical ML. Specifically, I've seen in some courses that when building a model that affects people, it's helpful to have sensitive personal ...
14 votes
4 answers
2k views

Which explainable artificial intelligence techniques are there?

Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) is concerned with the development of techniques that can enhance the interpretability, accountability, and transparency of artificial intelligence and, in ...
0 votes
2 answers
606 views

Can an AI be programmed not to lie?

According to this blog post, it seems that AI systems can lie. However, can an AI be programmed in such a way that it never lies (even after learning new things)?
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Could humans hurt a conscious or sentient AI?

If a conscious AI is possible, would it also be possible for someone who knows what they are doing to torture (or hurt) the AI? Could this be avoided? How? This question deals with computer-based AI, ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Google's Principles of Artificial Intelligence [closed]

Earlier this month, Google released a set of principles governing their AI development initiatives. The stated principles are: Objectives for AI Applications: Be socially beneficial. ...
2 votes
2 answers
290 views

Can an AI distinguish between good and bad according to people living in a restricted geographical area? [closed]

Would people go far with Artificial Intelligence and machine learning to the point where machines could learn during a long period of time to distinguish what's 'good' from 'bad' according to people ...
5 votes
2 answers
212 views

Is it possible to build an AI that learns humanity, morally?

It is a new era and people are trying to evolve more in science and technology. Artificial Intelligent is one of the ways to achieve this. We have seen lots of examples for AI sequences or a simple &...
6 votes
3 answers
156 views

Algorithms can be greedy. What are some other algorithmic vices?

Greedy algorithms are well known, and although useful in a local context for certain problems, and even potentially find general, global optimal solutions, they nonetheless trade optimality for ...
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Are the existential dangers of AI exaggerated?

I understand some of the inherent dangers involved with AGI and advanced machine learning. While I can see some of the more low-level risks associated with AI coming to fruition (deep-fakes, biased ...
-1 votes
1 answer
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Would empathy in AI be a reliable tool/capacity, or contribute to a solution to avoid harm done to humans or to other versions of AI?

INTRODUCTION: I am not a developer, scientist, or expert in anything related to AI. Just a random person who happens to be curious about AI and science in general. So please be so kind as to forgive ...
4 votes
1 answer
187 views

Will there be some promising techniques that can make AI greener and affordable in the future?

The recent advances in machine learning were mostly achieved by the hardware, and the hardware is said to continue driving the development of AI, but I was still shocked by this thread which reads ...
12 votes
10 answers
2k views

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming humans had finally developed the first humanoid AI based on the human brain, would It feel emotions? If not, would it still have ethics and/or morals?
1 vote
3 answers
162 views

What approaches are there to apply AI to global economic processes?

Today, AI is mainly driven by own-profit-oriented companies (e.g. Facebook, Amazon, Google). Admittedly, there's a lot of AI in the health sector (even in the public health sector) and there's a lot ...
3 votes
2 answers
739 views

What are the most pressing fundamental questions and gaps in AI research?

White House published the information about AI which requests mentions about the most important research gaps in AI that must be addressed to advance this field and benefit the public. What are these ...
2 votes
0 answers
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Studies on interest in results from ML purely due to use of ML

There is often interest in the results of machine learning algorithms, specifically because they came from machine learning algorithms -- as opposed to interest in the results in and of itself. It ...
9 votes
2 answers
391 views

How is the "right to explanation" reasonable?

There has been recent uptick in interest in eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Here is XAI's mission as stated on its DARPA page: The Explainable AI (XAI) program aims to create a suite of ...
97 votes
14 answers
6k views

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events: ...
5 votes
2 answers
283 views

Can an AGI convince another AGI to modify its code?

Let's suppose there are two AGIs, $A$ and $B$. Assume that $B$ has the ability to modify $A$, but this action of modifying is considered bad by $B$. Can $A$ ever convince $B$ to modify $A$?
4 votes
1 answer
60 views

How to add weights to one specific input feature to ensure fair training in the network?

I am trying to create a multiclass product-rating network based on product reviews and other input features. Two of the other input features are "product category" and "gender". However, I want to ...
6 votes
4 answers
646 views

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions?

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions? For instance, where there an insufficient number of ventilators during a respiratory pandemic, not every patient can have ...
5 votes
2 answers
210 views

Can we destroy an artificial general intelligence without its consent?

According to Wikipedia Artificial general intelligence(AGI) Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the intelligence of a (hypothetical) machine that could successfully perform any ...
1 vote
4 answers
146 views

What are the connections between ethics and artificial intelligence?

What are the connections between ethics and artificial intelligence? What are the issues that have arisen, especially in the business context? What are the issues that may arise?
5 votes
1 answer
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What AI applications exist to solve sustainability issues?

The Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations describe a normative framework which states what future development until 2030 should strive for. On a more abstract level a basic definition ...
1 vote
2 answers
187 views

If the AI goal is the protection of humans, will it always pursue this goal?

If the AI goal is to serve humans and protect them (if this ever happens) and AI someday realizes that humans destroy themselves, will it try to control people for their own good, that is, will it ...
2 votes
0 answers
40 views

Which AI conference presentation on predicting terrorist movement inside buildings caused protest in the audience and media?

I remember reading an online news article a while ago on AI ethics that described a conference presentation on the subject of a military AI system that predicted terrorist movement inside buildings ...
3 votes
1 answer
100 views

Are we supposed to "decide" ethics for intelligent systems?

Ethics is defined to be the set of moral principles that governs a person's or group's behavior. Innately, shouldn't any system devise ethics for itself? Most of our articulations, in either direct ...
9 votes
5 answers
306 views

Why isn't ethics more integrated into current AI systems?

I am a PhD student in computer science, and currently creating a state of the art overview in applications done in Machine Ethics (a multidisciplinary field combining philosophy and AI, that looks at ...
1 vote
3 answers
85 views

Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I’ve been thinking about this for a few days and can’t tell if this would feel morally just to an average user
4 votes
2 answers
182 views

Why is it illegal for Google's autonomous car to drive on the road by itself?

If we have well designed autonomous AI vehicles, then why won't the USA government allow it to be witnessed in the public?
3 votes
1 answer
73 views

Does humanism grant moral consideration to sentient artificial general intelligences?

Some formulations of humanism already grant moral consideration to sentient non-human animals (e.g. https://humanists.international/what-is-humanism/). Does humanism also extend to granting rights to ...
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

What is the best way to integrate unchangeable ethics into a chatbot

I am building a generative model chatbot as a research and learning project. One of the most important parts of my project is to research ways in which I can make this chatbot work in a consistently ...
1 vote
2 answers
698 views

Is it ethical to create a chatbot to answer questions on Stack Overflow? [closed]

I was wondering if I should do this, because 2 out of 5 questions on Stack Overflow don't ever get answered, or if they do get (an) answer (s), most of the time they're not helpful. So I was thinking ...
4 votes
1 answer
133 views

Has government-level legal work been done to determine the "rights" of a General Artificial Intelligence, in any country?

I have been thinking lately a great deal about a hypothetical question - what if a self-aware general AI chose to assume the appearance, voice, and name of Cortana from Microsoft's Halo? Or Siri from ...
1 vote
1 answer
121 views

Is the research by Stanford University students who use logistic regression to predict sexual orientation from facial images really scientific?

Two Stanford University researchers, Dr. Michal Kosinki and Yilun Wang have published a paper that claims that AI can predict sexuality from a single facial photo with startling accuracy. This ...
1 vote
2 answers
371 views

How will an AI comprehend the ethics of "right" and "wrong"?

Here is one of the most serious questions, about the artificial intelligence. How will the machine know the difference between right and wrong, what is good and bad, what is respect, dignity, faith ...
4 votes
2 answers
466 views

How to define or represent evil in logic

Is there any well defined method to define or represent evil in abstract logic, binary or AI form? Video games method of representing evil is relative to the player context (thus subjective, and not ...
0 votes
1 answer
316 views

Why is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights not included as statement on the AI?

Lots of people are afraid of what strong AI could mean for the human race. Some people wish for a sort of "Asimov law" included in the AI code, but maybe we could go a bit more far with the ...
1 vote
1 answer
153 views

What are the ethical and legal issues of self driving cars being released in the UK?

What are the ethical and legal issues of self driving cars being released in the UK? This question came up on our exam today and I was left in a daze. I initially thought it would be issues like the ...
3 votes
3 answers
250 views

Are AI researchers more likely to follow "conservative anthropocentrism" or "post-human fundamentalism" in deciding whether AI has moral standing?

"Conservative anthropocentrism": AI are to be judged only in relation to how to they resemble humanity in terms of behavior and ideas, and they gain moral worth based on their resemblance to humanity (...
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

What are the ethical implications of creating (possibly sentient) AI systems? [closed]

As I have been looking at other questions on this site (like this, this, this, and this), I have been thinking more about the ethical implications of creating these generalized AI systems. It seems ...
4 votes
2 answers
118 views

Is it ethical to implement self-defence for street walking AI robots?

Would it be ethical to implement AI for self-defence for public walking robots which are exposed to dangers such as violence and crime such as robbery (of parts), damage or abduction? What would be ...