Questions tagged [expectation]

For questions related to the mathematical concept of "expectation" or "expected value".

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5 votes
1 answer

Why is the mean used to compute the expectation in the GAN loss?

From Goodfellow et al. (2014), we have the adversarial loss: $$ \min_G \, \max_D V (D, G) = \mathbb{E}_{x∼p_{data}(x)} \, [\log \, D(x)] + \, \mathbb{E}_{z∼p_z(z)} \, [\log \, (1 − D(G(z)))] \, \text{...
A is for Ambition's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

What are the iid random variables for a dataset in the GAN framework?

I am trying to understand why mean is used for expectation in training Generative Adversarial Networks. The answer tells that it is due to the law of large numbers which is based on the assumption ...
hanugm's user avatar
  • 3,792
8 votes
2 answers

Why does the state-action value function, defined as an expected value of the reward and state value function, not need to follow a policy?

I often see that the state-action value function is expressed as: $$q_{\pi}(s,a)=\color{red}{\mathbb{E}_{\pi}}[R_{t+1}+\gamma G_{t+1} | S_t=s, A_t = a] = \color{blue}{\mathbb{E}}[R_{t+1}+\gamma v_{\pi}...
Daniel Wiczew's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers

$E_{\pi}[R_{t+1}|S_t=s,A_t=a] = E[R_{t+1}|S_t=s,A_t=a]$?

I would like to solve the first question of Exercise 3.19 from Sutton and Barto: Exercise 3.19 The value of an action, $q_{\pi}(s, a)$, depends on the expected next reward and the expected sum of the ...
user's user avatar
  • 145
4 votes
2 answers

What is the difference between return and expected return?

At a time step $t$, for a state $S_{t}$, the return is defined as the discounted cumulative reward from that time step $t$. If an agent is following a policy (which in itself is a probability ...
digi philos's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

Are these two definitions of the state-action value function equivalent?

I have been reading the Sutton and Barto textbook and going through David Silvers UCL lecture videos on YouTube and have a question on the equivalence of two forms of the state-action value function ...
David's user avatar
  • 4,770