# Questions tagged [exploration-strategies]

For questions about exploration strategies (or techniques) used in reinforcement learning or bandit problems. Examples of exploration strategies are random strategy, $\epsilon$-greedy, greedy (no exploration), Upper Confidence Bound (UCB), or Thompson sampling.

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### Is it possible to apply a particular exploration policy for the on-policy RL agents?

Is it possible to use any particular strategy to explore (e.g. metaheuristics) in on-policy algorithms (e.g. in PPO) or is it only possible to define particular policies to explore in off-policy ...
59 views

### Which policy has to be followed by a player while construction of its own Q-table?

Consider the scenario, where there are two players. One of the players perform the action randomly, whereas I want second player as a Q-player. I mean, the player selects a best action from the Q-...
69 views

### Which policy do I need to use in updating Q function?

Policy function can be of two types: deterministic policy and stochastic policy. Deterministic policy is of the form $\pi : S \rightarrow A$ Stochastic policy is defined using conditional probability ...
22 views

### (explore-exploit + supervised learning ) vs contextual bandits

Lets take an ad recommendation problem for 1 slot. Feedback is click/no click. I can solve this by contextual bandits. But I can also introduce exploration in supervised learning, I learn my model ...
67 views

### In addition to the reward function, which other functions do I need to implement Q-learning?

In general, $Q$ function is defined as $$Q : S \times A \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$ $$Q(s_t,a_t) = Q(s_t,a_t) + \alpha[r_{t+1} + \gamma \max\limits_{a} Q(s_{t+1},a) - Q(s_t,a_t)]$$ $\alpha$ and $\gamma$...
223 views

### Why does Q-learning converge under 100% exploration rate?

I am working on this assignment where I made the agent learn state-action values (Q-values) with Q-learning and 100% exploration rate. The environment is the classic gridworld as shown in the ...
481 views

### In Q-learning, wouldn't it be better to simply iterate through all possible states?

In Q-learning, all resources I've found seem to say that the algorithm to update the Q-table should start at some initial state, and pick actions (which are sometimes random) to explore the state ...
78 views

### Are actions deterministic during testing in continuous action space PPO?

In a continuous action space (for instance, in PPO, TRPO, REINFORCE, etc.), during training, an action is sampled from the random distribution with $\mu$ and $\sigma$. This results in an inherent ...
164 views

### Strategy for playing a board game with Minimax algorithm

I want to build a player for the following game: You have a board where position 1 is your player, position 2 is the rival ...
101 views

### Why aren't exploration techniques, such as UCB or Thompson sampling, used in full RL problems?

Why aren't exploration techniques, such as UCB or Thompson sampling, typically used in bandit problems, used in full RL problems? Monte Carlo Tree Search may use the above-mentioned methods in its ...
### What is the relation between a policy which is the solution to a MDP and a policy like $\epsilon$-greedy?
In the context of reinforcement learning, a policy, $\pi$, is often defined as a function from the space of states, $\mathcal{S}$, to the space of actions, $\mathcal{A}$, that is, \$\pi : \mathcal{S} \...