# Questions tagged [graphical-model]

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### In Probabilistic Graphical Model (written by Daphne Koller), what's the meaning of “parameter” in representation of the distribution?

I just started to read the PGM book written by Daphne Koller. In the chapter of Bayesian Network Representation(Chapter 3), there are some descriptions about the standard parameterization of the joint ...
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### In RL as probabilistic inference, why do we take a probability to be $\exp(r(s_t, a_t))$?

In section 2 the paper Reinforcement Learning and Control as Probabilistic Inference: Tutorial and Review the author is discussing formulating the RL problem as a probabilistic graphical model. They ...
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### How do I derive the gradient of the log-likelihood of an RBM?

In a Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM), the likelihood function is: $$p(\mathbf{v};\mathbf{\theta}) = \frac{1}{Z} \sum_{\mathbf{h}} e^{-E(\mathbf{v},\mathbf{h};\mathbf{\theta})}$$ Where $E$ is the ...
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### Purpose of the hidden variables in a Restricted Boltzmann Machine

From the part titled Introducing Latent Variables under subsection 2.2 in this tutorial: Introducing Latent Variables. Suppose we want to model an $m$-dimensional unknown probability distribution $q$ ...
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### How to make sense of label propagation formula in graph neural networks?

In the label propagation algorithm in section 3.2.3, we know the label of some nodes and we want to predict the label for the rest of the nodes whose labels we don't know. The update formula for this ...
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### Deriving hyperparameter updates in Online Interactive Collaborative Filtering

I've been going through "Online Interactive Collaborative Filtering Using Multi-Armed Bandit with Dependent Arms" by Wang et al. and am unable to understand how the update equations for the ...
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149 views

### What is a conditional random field?

I new in machine learning, especially in Conditional Random Fields (CRF). I have read several articles and papers and in there is always associated with HMM and sequences classification. I don't ...