Questions tagged [history]

For asking about an aspect of the history of AI.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
3answers
53 views

Are simple animal snares and traps a form of automation? Of computation?

I'm trying to understand the relationship of humans and automation, historically and culturally. I ask because the waterclock is generally considered the earliest form of automation, but snares and ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Was the corruption of Microsoft's “Tay” chatbot an example of catastrophic forgetting?

Tay was a chatbot, who learned from Twitter users. Microsoft's AI fam from the internet that's got zero chill. The more you talk the smarter Tay gets. — Twitter tagline. Microsoft trained the AI ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

Why did ML only become viable after Nvidia's chips were available?

I listened to a talk by panel consisted of two influential Chinese scientists: Wang Gang and Yu Kai and others. When being asked about the biggest bottleneck of the development of artificial ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Was the TX-0 computer used for Artificial Intelligence problems as well?

In the mid 1950s, a new computer was introduced at the M.I.T. the TX-0 computer.[1]. It was a transistorized version of an older computer and was the beginning of the early hacker culture in the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What is the difference between a mechanical robot and the electronic version?

In the Cabaret Mechanical Theatre [1] some examples for cam disc driven machines are given. What the visitor can expect are rotating ballet dancers and blacksmith androids which are made out of wood. ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Why do we use the word “kernel” in the expression “Gaussian kernel”?

I've heard the expression "Gaussian kernel" in several contexts (e.g. in the kernel trick used in SVM). A Gaussian kernel usually refers to a Gaussian function (that is, a function similar to the ...
-2
votes
1answer
66 views

Who was Henry White Pierce?

Recently, in an online obituary, it was announced that Henry White Pierce died at the age of 88. According to the news-headline, he was a researcher in the topic of organ transplantation, in-vitro ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Chess Engine for low clock cycle CPU

I'm looking for a simple chess algorithm that works well on a ~132MHz CPU. I know that MiniMax would take too long to go deep in order to find good moves. Is Monte Carlo Tree Search working well on ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Are rulebased expertsystem statements “if, then, and” derived from Forth?

In many papers about expert systems so called rules are introduced to the reader. In most papers, the rules are expressed in a certain syntax, because the terms are written in uppercase. For example a ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Old video games intelligence

Around 2000, existed popular fights videogames. There, if you made the same kick movement for several running times, the CPU normally defended and caught your strategy. This is the case in Tekken 3 ie....
3
votes
3answers
309 views

Why did Artificial Intelligence projects fail?

According to the chaos report of the Standish group most IT projects fail. A famous example is the OS/2 operating system, but large scale database projects from the government have also a high ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Was Pierce way off the mark?

“Funding artificial intelligence is real stupidity.” -- John R. Pierce Was this computer pioneer way off the mark? – or was there important sub-text there? Pierce was an expert for machine ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

What is neoluddism?

It is well known from the history of technology that the invention of new things was always problematic. In the 15th century for example, in which Gutenberg has invented the first printing press, the ...
-1
votes
1answer
78 views

What noteworthy contributions have Chinese AI researchers made in the field of artificial intelligence?

In recent years, China has made rapid progress in manufacturing and scientific research as evidenced by their successful teleportation of a single quantum entangled photon to a satellite in orbit. My ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Is the Turing Test a blinded experiment?

Did Alan Turing expect the AIs to be aware they were being Turing tested while the game was being played? I think it's slightly harder to look like a duck while pretending to be a duck than when you ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Is the traditional meaning of “strong AI” outmoded?

Traditionally, "strong AI" refers to Artificial General Intelligence, the human mind understood as an algorithm (Searle, Chinese Room) and Artificial Consciousness. But recent advances in Artificial ...
4
votes
5answers
382 views

Is transistor the first artificial intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal. I got this definition from Wikipedia that cited "Russell and ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is Lisp still worth learning today in the particular context of Machine learning?

Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. It quickly became the favored programming ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

What caused the resurgence of AI since the early 2000s?

I took a few AI courses in college (1999-2003), and we used the first edition of AI: A Modern Approach. We covered a lot of topics and programming, including classical AI, neural networks, and ...
8
votes
4answers
597 views

Are “AI Winters” inevitable?

According to Wikipedia, citations omitted: In the history of artificial intelligence, an AI winter is a period of reduced funding and interest in artificial intelligence research. The term was ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Neural Networks unmatched on MNIST?

I remember reading or hearing a claim that at any point in time since the publication of the MNIST dataset, it has never happened that a method not based on neural networks was the best given the ...
5
votes
2answers
932 views

How can we connect artificial intelligence with cognitive psychology?

Cognitive Psychology is one of the basic sciences of artificial intelligence (AI). The founder of the psychology is Wilhelm W.(1832-1920), who engaged in empirical methods,and was interested in the ...
8
votes
3answers
270 views

Is Artificial Intelligence restricted to electrical based technology?

According to Wikipedia: AI is intelligence exhibited by machines. I have been wondering if with the recent biological advancements, is there already a non-electrical-based "machine" that is ...
3
votes
4answers
311 views

Why did “Artificial Intelligence” stay intact as a coherent, unified field of study?

Artificial Intelligence is a rather pernicious label to attach to a very mixed bunch of activities, and one could argue that the sooner we forget it the better. It would be disastrous to conclude that ...
8
votes
3answers
320 views

Human-like general intelligence vs. task-specific algorithms: when people realized these are two different goals?

In the 1950's, there were widely-held beliefs that "Artificial Intelligence" will quickly become both self-conscious and smart-enough to win chess with humans. Various people suggested time frames of ...
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Why was ELIZA able to induce “delusional thinking”?

From Eliza to A.L.I.C.E.: Weizenbaum tells us that he was shocked by the experience of releasing ELIZA (also known as "Doctor") to the nontechnical staff at the MIT AI Lab. Secretaries and ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Have any chatbots fooled the judges and won the Loebner Prize Gold medal yet?

I've read about The Loebner Prize for AI, which pledged a Grand Prize of $100,000 and a Gold Medal for the first computer whose responses were indistinguishable from a human's. So I was wondering ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there any board game where a human can still beat an AI?

Significant AI vs human board game matches include: chess: Deep Blue vs Kasparov in 1996, Go: DeepMind AlphaGo vs Lee Sedol in 2016, which demonstrated that AI challenged and defeated professional ...
13
votes
2answers
5k views

Is Prolog still used in AI?

According to Wikipedia, Prolog is a general-purpose logic programming language associated with artificial intelligence and computational linguistics. Is it still used for AI? This is based off of ...
17
votes
1answer
656 views

Has the Lovelace Test 2.0 been successfully used in an academic setting?

In October 2014, Dr. Mark Riedl published an approach to testing AI intelligence, called the "Lovelace Test 2.0", after being inspired by the original Lovelace Test (published in 2001). Mark believed ...
11
votes
2answers
398 views

Are there any AI that have passed the MIST test so far?

MIST is a quantiative test of humanness, consisting of ~80k propositions such as: Is Earth a planet? Is the sun bigger than my foot? Do people sometimes lie? etc. Have any AI attempted and passed ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Minsky & Papert know that multilayer perceptrons could solve XOR?

In their famous book entitled "Perceptrons: An Introduction to Computational Geometry", Minsky and Papert show that a perceptron can't solve the XOR problem. This contributed to the first AI winter, ...
6
votes
2answers
135 views

What was the first machine that was able to carry on a conversation?

What was the first AI that was able to carry on a conversation, with real responses, such as in the famous 'I am not a robot. I am a unicorn' case? A 'real response' constitutes a sort-of ...
18
votes
4answers
970 views

Is Lisp still being used to tackle AI problems?

I know that language of Lisp was used early on when working on artificial intelligence problems. Is it still being used today for significant work? If not, is there a new language that has taken its ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

What were the first areas of research and what were some early successes?

What were the first areas of research into Artificial Intelligence and what were some early successes? More recently we've had: Beating a human at the game of chess Convincing a human that a person ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Who first coined the term Artificial Intelligence?

Who first coined the term Artificial Intelligence, is there a published research paper which is the first to use that term?
9
votes
1answer
3k views

When did Artificial Intelligence research first start?

When did research into Artificial Intelligence first begin? Was it called Artificial Intelligence then or was there another name?