Questions tagged [machine-learning]

For questions related to machine learning (ML), which is a set of methods that can automatically detect patterns in data, and then use the uncovered patterns to predict future data, or to perform other kinds of decision making under uncertainty (such as planning how to collect more data). ML is usually divided into supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning. Deep learning is a subfield of ML that uses deep artificial neural networks.

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31 views

What is the expected value of an IOU in this case?

I have a detection problem. An object with a probability of 0.5 is in a box with coordinates ((0,0), (2, 2)) and with a probability of 0.5 a box with coordinates ((2,0), (4,2)). What is the maximum ...
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Can Bert be used to extract embedding for large categorical features?

I've lot of training data points (i.e in millions) and I've around few features but the issue with that is all the features are categorical data with 1 million+ categories in each. So, I couldn't use ...
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28 views

How can I train a Deep Learning model using degraded photos and their clean version to correct photos

I have 5000 degraded pictures ( pixelated, blurry, too much luminosity ... ) and their clean versions, and I would like to train a model so that it can predict how to correct future pictures. I've ...
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61 views

A problem about the relation between 1-oracle and 2-oracle PAC model

This problem is about two-oracle variant of the PAC model. Assume that positive and negative examples are now drawn from two separate distributions $\mathcal{D}_{+}$ and $\mathcal{D}_{-} .$ For an ...
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33 views

How can we prove this inequality, related to the generalization error, without using the Rademacher complexity?

This is an inequality on page 36 of the book Foundations of Machine Learning, but the author only states it without proof. $$ \mathbb{P}\left[\left|R(h)-\widehat{R}_{S}(h)\right|>\epsilon\right] \...
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26 views

Convert a PAC-learning algorithm into another one which requires no knowledge of the parameter

This is part of the exercise 2.13 in the book Foundations of Machine Learning (page 28). You can refer to chapter 2 for the notations. Consider a family of concept classes $\left\{\mathcal{C}_{s}\...
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Suggestion for finding the stable regions in spiral galaxy data?

I am working with a data set that consists of the actual pitch angle (given as PA(Y)) and the pitch angle at each radii (listed from 1 to 217). In the image below, ...
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127 views

Why isn't there a model playing FPS like CoD or Battlefield already existing?

Assuming we had an unlimited time to train a model and a very powerful machine to use our model in real-time (hello quantum computer), I'd like to know why no one could achieve to build an AI able to ...
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46 views

Why machine learning instead of simple sorting and grouping?

I have a hard time formulating this question(I'm not knowledgeable enough I think), so I'll give an example first and then the question: You have a table of data, let's say the occupancy of a ...
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Is it acceptable to use various training sets for the individual models when using a majority vote classifier?

So I am trying to use a majority vote classifier combining different models and I was wondering if it is acceptable to use different training sets for the individual models (including different ...
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Why information gain with entropy as impurity function can't be used as a splitting method for Decision Tree Regression?

In Decision Tree Regression, we can use 'Reduction in Variance' or MSE (Mean Squared Errors) as splitting methods. There are methods like Gini Index, Information Gain, Chi-Square for splitting on ...
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What is the input for the prior model of VQ-VAE?

I'm trying to implement the VQ-VAE model. In there, a continuous variable $x$ is encoded in an array $z$ of discrete latent variables $z_i$ that are mapped each to an embedding vector $e_i$. These ...
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32 views

How can I predict the nutrients in dishes given the ingredients used to prepare them?

I want to know which algorithm will work most efficiently for calculating nutrients present in a food dish if I am giving the ingredients used in the food. Basically, let us assume that I want to make ...
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79 views

Which neural network should I use to transform the pixels of a video overtime?

I want to train a network with video data and have it transform pixel values overtime on an input video. This is for an art project and does not need to be super elaborate, but the videos I want to ...
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64 views

How can I classify instances into two categories and then into sub-categories, when the number of features is high?

I'm working with a problem where I have a lot of variables for different cases of different users. Depending on the values of the different variables of a concrete user in a concrete case, the ...
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50 views

Correlating two models to predict the output of one that corresponds to an output of the other

I am currently working on a problem and now got stuck to implement one of it's steps. This is a simple attempt to explain what I am currently facing, which is something that I am aiming to implement ...
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30 views

Is logistic regression used for unconstrained or constrained optimisation problems?

Is logistic regression used for unconstrained or constrained optimization problems, and why?
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40 views

Can learned feature vectors be considered a good encryption?

Considering I have some neural network that, using supervised learning, transforms a string into a learned feature vector where "close" strings will result into more close vectors. I know that since ...
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18 views

Which algorithm and architecture to use for 1:1 matrix transformation of an 8X8 dimension?

I would like to map the simplest 8X8 matrices, one to one, but am not sure which AI algorithm would give the best performance. I am thinking about the DeepLearning4j, however, I don't know which ...
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22 views

Troubleshooting Binary Classifier

I trained a binary classifier using ML.NET's AutoML feature on a small dataset (compared to other, similar models I've trained that seem to work well)-around 500 rows with around 50 features. AutoML ...
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23 views

Choosing neural network output for prediction (regression) of a dynamical system

I’m trying to train a neural network to approximate the output of a dynamical system $dy/dt=f\left(y(t), u(t) \right)$, namely, given $y(0)$ and $u(t_i), i=1,2...N$ I want the network to predict $y(...
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Which deep neural networks are appropriate for the detection of bombs?

This is a follow-up question from my previous post here about explosion detection. I gathered a dataset of explosions. As I'm new to Deep Learning in Keras, I'm trying to see what architecture best ...
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69 views

Which machine learning algorithms can be used to build a recommendation system?

I am working on building a recommendation engine. I need to build a model that recommends similar items. Currently, I am using the Nearest Neighbor algorithm present in ...
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1answer
92 views

Why is this ResNet50 misclassifying objects?

I'm new to Deep Learning, and I have some conceptual problems. I followed a simple tutorial here, and trained a model in Keras to do image classification on 10 classes of logos. I prepared 10 classes ...
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31 views

What is the underlying model of IBM Watson Assistant and Microsoft LUIS?

As I stated in my question, I would like to know the underlying pipeline and machine learning models that are used to classify intents and identify entities in IBM Watson Assistant and Microsoft LUIS ...
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Assigning Weighting Factors

I have a hypothetical example that closes to my research problem: Assume you are a boss and you have different types of tasks that you need to assign to your employee. Sensitive task (very classified)...
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What are the examples of agents that is represent these characteristics?

I'm looking for examples of AI systems or agents that best represent these five characteristics (one example for each characteristics): Reactivity Proactivity Adaptability Sociability Autonomy It ...
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1answer
40 views

Is it compulsary to normalize the dataset if doing so can negatively impact a Binary Logistic regression performance?

I am using raw data set with 4 feature variables (Total Cholesterol, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure, and Cigraeette count) to do a Binominal Classification (find stroke likelihood) ...
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28 views

How to implement fisherface algorithm and how much time will it take?

I found on the web that fisherface is the best algorithm for face detection. Before investing deeply into it, I just want to know how hard is it to implement it and how much time will it take. I am ...
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Implementation of SVM - theory to practice

I'm studying Support Vector Machines in the machine learning course, I'm a computer scientist, I've quite understood how SVM are designed thanks also to 16. Learning: Support Vector Machines - MIT. ...
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How to use machine learning to create combine of opposite images side by side

Inspired by: Two Worlds Pictures I just want to create a Machine Learning Model that can automatically combine the opposite images into 1 image. I am thinking about 2 possible solutions: Pose ...
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1answer
74 views

Using ML to analyze Facebook posts

First of all, I should mention that I have a very basic knowledge of ML so I apologize if this question seems trivial or stupid. I am working on a small personal project, basically an app that ...
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Mobile App Recommendation: How to get the rate of a specific user submit for a specific application

I have a mobile app recommendation project, so I need data set which has user-app matrix-rate. Actually, I want to know what rate does a specific user submit for a specific application. in other words,...
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1answer
22 views

When a linear discriminant could give excellent or possibly even the optimal classification accurcy?

I am actually reading the linear classification. There is a question in the question set behind the chapter in the book as follows: Sketch two multimodal distributions for which a linear discriminant ...
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A NN based model of a Cattle for 'Heat Detection'

I am very new to AI/ML but have lot of interest in these. I am trying to understand how this gadget works. So far I have understood that a NN model of the cattle is generated by offline ...
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1answer
63 views

Why is the entire area of a join probability distribution considered when it comes to calculating misclassification?

In the image given below, I do not understand a few things 1) Why is an entire area colored to signify misclassification? For the given decision boundary, only the points between $x_0$ and the ...
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Can Microsoft's cognitive service find similar person in a set of images without using the face service?

I need to create an application that can detect if a person X entered as an input exists in an image set and return as output all the images in which the person X exists. The problem is that the ...
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44 views

Grouped Text classification

I have thousands groups of paragraphs and I need to classify these paragraphs. The problem is that I need to classify each paragraph based on other paragraphs in the group! For example, a paragraph ...
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41 views

How can I use gradient boosting with multiple features?

I'm trying to use gradient boosting and I'm using sklearn's GradientBoostingClassifier class. My problem is that I'm having a data frame with 5 columns and I want ...
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106 views

What is a conditional random field?

I new in machine learning, especially in Conditional Random Fields (CRF). I have read several articles and papers and in there is always associated with HMM and sequences classification. I don't ...
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38 views

Models to extract Causal Relationship between entities in a document using Natural Language Processing techniques

I am looking to extract causal relations between entities like Drug and Adverse Effect in a document. Are there any proven NLP or AI techniques to handle the same. Also are there ways to handle cases ...
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45 views

How should I build an AI that quickly detects falling game assets on screen?

I want to build an AI that plays a simple android game. The game is just a one at a time object falling, some times at an angle. The AI needs to recognize the object and to decide whether to swipe ...
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41 views

Why do neural networks have bias units?

Why do neural networks have bias units? Why is it sometimes okay to opt them out?
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Product Configuration based on user selection of features and other requirements

Is this a scenario that would work well for a ML/Pattern Recognition Model or would it be easier/faster to just filter from a large DB. I am looking to create a system that will allow users to ...
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61 views

How is the bias caused by a max pooling layer overcome?

I have constructed a CNN that utilizes max-pooling layers. I have found with these layers that, should I remove them, my network performs ideally with every output and gradient at each layer having a ...
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Random graph as input in geometric deep learning on time-varying graph

I want to create a framework that allows GDL to be applied to time-varying graphs. I came up with the Erdos-renyi model as an example of a time-varying graphs. GDL for graphs takes node information ...
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101 views

Application of Blockchain in Fraud detection in stock market

I want to develop a fraud detection application in the stock market Using Blockchain technology, we have some pattern that defines the anomaly for use of supervised machine learning but there is one ...
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18 views

Binary classification for a series of data (using Keras) to tell if it is a straight line or not a straight line

I am new to machine learning and I would like to seek some advice/help for directions on implementing a binary classification for a series of data and tell if it is a straight line or a not? for ...
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25 views

Sails size recognition

Is it possible to recognize the height and width of the sails of different kitesurfers and windsurfers taken from public webcams? And show these information on video in real time? Or on screenshots?
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34 views

How to deal with Neural network input data with different length and type

I'm trying to make use of sensor data from VOC, Humidity, Age, Sampling rate and use them as NN input data. Below are the technical questions I'm struggling to find out. For each training set, I have ...

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