# Questions tagged [math]

For questions about mathematics related to artificial intelligence.

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15k views

### How does one start learning artificial intelligence?

I am a software engineering student and I am complete beginner to AI. I have read a lot of articles on how to start learning AI, but each article suggests a different way. I was wondering if some of ...
4k views

### How to choose an activation function?

I choose the activation function for the output layer depending on the output that I need and the properties of the activation function that I know. For example, I choose the sigmoid function when I'm ...
1k views

### Which areas of applied math are relevant to AI?

My background is in electrical engineering. I have a good grasp of CS foundations (e.g. data structures, algorithms, operating systems, discrete math and software engineering). I have option of ...
253 views

### Where can I find the proof of the universal approximation theorem?

The Wikipedia article for the universal approximation theorem cites a version of the universal approximation theorem for Lebesgue-measurable functions from this conference paper. However, the paper ...
523 views

### What are the mathematical prerequisites for an AI researcher?

What are the mathematical prerequisites for understanding the core part of the algorithms in artificial intelligence and developing own algorithm? Please, refer me the specific books.
3k views

### Can deep networks be trained to prove theorems?

Assume we have a large number of proofs in first order predicate calculus. Assume we also have the axioms, corollaries, and theorems in that area of mathematics in that form too. Consider the each ...
15k views

### Is it possible to train the neural network to solve math equations?

I'm aware that neural networks are probably not designed to do that, however asking hypothetically, is it possible to train the deep neural network (or similar) to solve math equations? So given the ...
2k views

### What sort of mathematical problems are there in AI that people are working on?

I recently got a 18-month postdoc position in a math department. It's a position with relative light teaching duty and a lot of freedom about what type of research that I want to do. Previously I was ...
785 views

### What kind of knowledge is required to jump into the field of AI?

What kind of knowledge is required to jump into the field of AI? What mathematics is required? How good I should be in mathematics? Currently, I have just started programming. I would be grateful if ...
1k views

### How should I get started with artificial intelligence?

What is the mathematical background required to start learning AI? What else should I also learn?
2k views

### What is the Bellman operator in reinforcement learning?

In mathematics, the word operator can refer to several distinct but related concepts. An operator can be defined as a function between two vector spaces, it can be defined as function where the domain ...
217 views

### What are the algebraic properties of intelligence?

Some have said, "Two heads are better than one." That's true if they are collaborating. If not, the two together may be worse than zero. Although that's a rhetorical opening paragraph, this is a ...
204 views

### Can we define the AI singularity mathematically?

The "AI Singularity" or "Technological Singularity" is a vague term that roughly seems to refer to the idea of: Humans can design algorithms Humans can improve algorithms Eventually algorithms we ...
2k views

### Why do activation functions need to be differentiable in the context of neural networks?

Why should an activation function of a neural network be differentiable? Is it strictly necessary or is it just advantageous?
608 views

### How can I start learning mathematics for machine learning?

I am an Android programmer. Now, I would like to learn machine learning. I know it requires a mathematical background, like statistics, probability, calculus and linear algebra. However, I am a bit ...
629 views

### How do we prove the n-step return error reduction property?

In section 7.1 (about the n-step bootstrapping) of the book Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction (2nd edition), by Andrew Barto and Richard S. Sutton, the authors write about what they call the "n-...