Questions tagged [models]

For questions related to modelling external environment, functional models tuned through convergent methods such as artificial networks or fuzzy logic containers, loss models, semantic models, model-based reasoning, or other kinds of models used in AI research, development, or practice.

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23 views

Difference between a distribution model and a sampling environment in Reinforcement Learning

The book from Sutton and Barto define a model in Reinforcement Learning as "something that mimics the behavior of the environment, or more generally, that allows inferences to be made about how ...
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1answer
1k views

Is there a machine learning model that can be trained with labels that only say how “right” or “wrong” it was?

I'm trying to find the name for a model that is used to output a decision (maybe something like right, left, or ...
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3answers
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What are the differences between an agent and a model?

In the context of Artificial Intelligence, sometimes people use the word "agent" and sometimes use the word "model" to refer to the output of the whole "AI-process". For ...
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3answers
131 views

How to embed/deploy an arbitrary machine learning model on microcontrollers?

Say I have a machine learning model trained on a laptop and I then want to embed/deploy the model on a microcontroller. How can I do this? I know that TensorflowLite Micro generates a C header to be ...
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32 views

How and why do state-of-the-art models in medical segmentation differ from general segmentation models?

I am just getting into medical image segmentation and have been able to understand the state-of-the-art architectures, like Double UNet, UNet++, and Multiresunet. What I haven't understood yet: Why ...
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4answers
489 views

What is the fundamental difference between an ML model and a function?

A model can be roughly defined as any design that is able to solve an ML task. Examples of models are the neural network, decision tree, Markov network, etc. A function can be defined as a set of ...
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1answer
41 views

Aside from specific training sets, what distinguishes the capabilities of different AI implementations?

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about ML/AI, besides some basic ideas behind it all.) It seems like ML/AI models can often be boiled down to statistics, where certain levers (weights) get fine-tuned ...
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1answer
310 views

The truth value of an array with more than one element is ambiguous - Loading a model saved in h5 format keras 2.2.4 [closed]

I'm having a problem when loading a model in keras: model = load_model('model.h5', custom_objects={'mean_iou': metrics.mean_iou}) As an error I get: ...
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29 views

Is there a complement to GPT/2/3 that can be trained using supervised learning methods?

This is a bit of a soft question, not sure if it's on topic, please let me know how I can improve it if it doesn't meet the criteria for the site. GPT models are unsupervised in nature and are (from ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the difference between parametric and non-parametric models?

A model can be classified as parametric or non-parametric. How are models classified as parametric and non-parametric models? What is the difference between the two approaches?
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19 views

Literature on computational modelling involving neuronal ensemblies

Straying from the current trends in deep learning, there is an, arguably, interesting idea of neuronal ensembles possibly providing an alternative to the current "layered feature detectors" ...
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1answer
66 views

What are some examples of functions that machine learning models compute?

My simple understanding of AI is that it is based on a mathematical model of a problem. If I understood correctly, the model is a polynomial equation and its weights are calculated by training the ...
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12 views

How to combine specific CNN models that work better at slightly different tasks?

I'm not sure how to describe this in the most accurate way but I'll give it a shot. I've developed a Inception-Resnet V2 model for detecting audio signals via spectrogram. It does a pretty good job ...
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2answers
74 views

How can I be sure that the final model, trained on all data, is correct?

The 'by the book' method of delivering final machine learning models is to include all data in the final training (including validation and test sets). To check robustness of my model I use randomly ...
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0answers
62 views

Is it good practice to save NLP Transformer based pre-trained models into file system in production environment

I have developed a multi label classifier using BERT. I'm leveraging Hugging Face Pytorch implementation for transformers. I have saved the pretrained model into the file directory in dev environment. ...
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1answer
34 views

Detect data in tables of roughly the same structure

I would like to train a model that serializes a table of nutrition facts into it's values. The tables can vary in form and colour, but always contain the same set of keys (e.g. carbs, fats). Examples ...
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49 views

What are the differences between backbones, frontends, models and architectures in applied deep learning?

Context I'm trying to dive into deep learning for tasks on images, and trying to figure out how to reuse some well-known structures* that have been published, mainly on github. ( *Here, structure can ...
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1answer
36 views

What are the main differences between a language model and a machine translation model?

What are the main differences between a language model and a machine translation model?
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1answer
52 views

Why is the hypothesis function $h_{\theta}(x)$ equivalent to $E[y | x; \theta]$ in generalised linear models?

Reading through the CS229 lecture notes on generalised linear models, I came across the idea that a linear regression problem can be modelled as a Gaussian distribution, which is a form of the ...
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0answers
22 views

Training a model for text document transformation?

I have a bunch of text documents, split into source documents and transformed documents. These text documents have multiple lines and are edited at specific locations, in a specific way. I make use ...
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2answers
45 views

Is it theoretically possible (or impossible) that principal component analysis worsens the performance of the model?

In case I had a prediction model and decided to add a PCA step prior to the model, is it theoretically possible/impossible that the number of output dimensions that is better for all tests may perform ...
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0answers
34 views

Is there a theory that captures the following ideas?

A big class of problems that are relevant in today's society are full of uncertainty and are also sometimes computationally intractable. Along our lives we come to realize that we are solving the same ...
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1answer
33 views

How to work on different models for a given problem?

I am working on the MNIST data on my own. The idea is to use different values for the number of hidden layers, number of nodes in a given layer, etc. How do you organize these things while you are ...
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0answers
56 views

What is the difference between FC and MLP in as used in PointNet?

I am trying to understand the PointNet network for dealing with point clouds and struggling with understanding the difference between FC and MLP: "FC is fully connected layer operating on each ...
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1answer
48 views

Neural networks with internal dynamics in the state-space form

Neural networks with feedback (Hopfield, Hamming, etc.) differ from ordinary neural networks (multilayer perceptrons, etc.), which turns them into a dynamic element with its own internal dynamics (if ...
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3answers
91 views

Isn't a simulation a great model for model-based reinforcement learning?

Most reinforcement learning agents are trained in simulated environments. The goal is to maximize performance in (often) the same environment, preferably with a minimum amount of interactions. Having ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the difference between model and data distributions?

Is there any difference between the model distribution and data distribution, or are they the same?
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1answer
177 views

What are pros and cons of Bi-LSTM as compared to LSTM?

What are the pros and cons of LSTM vs Bi-LSTM in language modelling? What was the need to introduce Bi-LSTM?
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2answers
2k views

What are the main differences between skip-gram and continuous bag of words?

The skip-gram and continuous bag of words (CBOW) are two different types of word2vec model. What are the main differences between them? What are the pros and cons of both methods?
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67 views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of extrinsic and perplexity model evaluation in NLP?

In the video Evaluation and Perplexity by Dan Jurafsky, the author talks about extrinsic and perplexity evaluation in the context of natural language processing (NLP). What are the advantages and ...
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1answer
50 views

What is the current state-of-the-art in unsupervised cross-lingual representation learning?

What is the current state-of-the-art in unsupervised cross-lingual representation learning?
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0answers
127 views

How get matrix of word embeddings in FastText of gensim?

I try get the matrix embedding of my model but I can't because although this code gives no error it never ends running. The code is: ...
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0answers
35 views

Using ML for Enemy Generation in Video Games

I am attempting to make a 2-D platformer game where the player traverses through an evil factory that is producing killer robots. The robots spawn at multiple specific locations in each level and ...
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1answer
44 views

YOLOv3 Model Structure: Why is filters = (classes + coords + 1) * num?

Here's a tutorial about doing custom training of YOLO (Darknet): https://medium.com/@manivannan_data/how-to-train-yolov3-to-detect-custom-objects-ccbcafeb13d2 The tutorial guides how to set values in ...
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27 views

What models will you suggest to use in Industrial Anomaly Detection and Predictive analysis on live streamed data?

I have been working on industrial data, that is fed live, I want to explore a few models which might suit for this the best. The data are KPI data from the manufacturing Industry.
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2answers
233 views

Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...
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0answers
449 views

Why isn't there a model playing FPS like CoD or Battlefield already existing?

Assuming we had an unlimited time to train a model and a very powerful machine to use our model in real-time (hello quantum computer), I'd like to know why no one could achieve to build an AI able to ...
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23 views

What are the properties of a model that is well suited for for high performance real-time inference

What are general best practices or considerations in designing a model that is optimized for real-time inference?
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0answers
53 views

Correlating two models to predict the output of one that corresponds to an output of the other

I am currently working on a problem and now got stuck to implement one of it's steps. This is a simple attempt to explain what I am currently facing, which is something that I am aiming to implement ...
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0answers
16 views

What is a good model for regression problem with binary features and small data?

I am trying to predict the solution time for riddles in which matchsticks are combined into digits and operators. An example of a matchstick riddle is 4-2=8. The solution for this riddle would be ...
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0answers
44 views

Which deep neural networks are appropriate for the detection of bombs?

This is a follow-up question from my previous post here about explosion detection. I gathered a dataset of explosions. As I'm new to Deep Learning in Keras, I'm trying to see what architecture best ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Will a .h5 file trained with Xception model work with Resnet50?

I have been running my 2013 server box since 2 weeks ago for training an AI model. I set up 30 epochs to run but since than it only ran 1 epoch as my PC config is super slow. But it generates 1 .h5 ...
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1answer
655 views

Is “dataset size” and “model size” same thing?

I mean what is determine my model size, connection amount between layers and neurons, or size of my dataset?
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2answers
2k views

What is the “thing” which is trained in AI model training

I am a newbie in the fantastic AI world, I have started my learning recently. After a while, my understanding is, we need to feed in tremendous data to train a or many models. Once the training is ...
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0answers
22 views

A NN based model of a Cattle for 'Heat Detection'

I am very new to AI/ML but have lot of interest in these. I am trying to understand how this gadget works. So far I have understood that a NN model of the cattle is generated by offline ...
2
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1answer
18 views

Should I model a problem with quantised output as classification or regression?

Say I have some data I am trying to learn, and I'm aware that the output is quantised in some way, e.g. I can get only get discrete values (0.1, 0.2, 0.3...0.9) in a finite range. Would you treat ...
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1answer
158 views

Can a computer conclude following philosophical concepts from a story?

Say you have to enter a story to a computer. Now the computer has to identify the philosophical concept on which the story is based, say: Was it a "self-fulfilling prophecy"? Was it an example of "...
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2answers
251 views

Is there a simple way of classifying images of size differing from the input of existing image classifiers?

Most image classifiers like Inception-v3 accept images of about size 299 x 299 x 3 as input. In this particular case, I cannot resize the image and lose resolution. Is there an easy solution of ...
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0answers
64 views

Designing state representation for board game

I am trying to write self-play RL (NN + MCTS http://web.stanford.edu/~surag/posts/alphazero.html) to "solve" a board game. However, I got stuck in designing boardgame same (input layer for NN). 1) ...
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74 views

How to use TensorFlow with hyperparameter tuning to optimize parameters for a robot simulator

I am trying to implement a DNN to optimize a set of 7 parameters that are used in a robot swarm simulator on the ARGoS platform. the program is a compiled C++ executable that reads the parameters from ...