Questions tagged [neural-networks]

For questions about a artificial networks, such as MLPs, CNNs, RNNs, LSTM, and GRU networks, their variants or any other AI system components that qualify as a neural networks in that they are, in part, inspired by biological neural networks.

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83
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8answers
14k views

Do scientists know what is happening inside artificial neural networks?

Do scientists or research experts know from the kitchen what is happening inside complex "deep" neural network with at least millions of connections firing at an instant? Do they understand the ...
63
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3answers
41k views

How can neural networks deal with varying input sizes?

As far as I can tell, neural networks have a fixed number of neurons in the input layer. If neural networks are used in a context like NLP, sentences or blocks of text of varying sizes are fed to a ...
54
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11answers
9k views

What are some well-known problems where neural networks don't do very well?

What are some well-known cases, problems or real-world applications where neural networks don't do very well? Specification: I'm looking for specific regression tasks (with accessible data-sets) ...
48
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4answers
12k views

Are neural networks prone to catastrophic forgetting?

Imagine you show a neural network a picture of a lion 100 times and label with "dangerous", so it learns that lions are dangerous. Now imagine that previously you have shown it millions of images of ...
43
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4answers
62k views

How to select number of hidden layers and number of memory cells in an LSTM?

I am trying to find some existing research on how to select the number of hidden layers and the size of these of an LSTM-based RNN. Is there an article where this problem is being investigated, i.e., ...
38
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6answers
21k views

How do capsule neural networks work?

Geoffrey Hinton has been researching something he calls "capsules theory" in neural networks. What is it? How do capsule neural networks work?
32
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3answers
21k views

Why is Lisp such a good language for AI?

I've heard before from computer scientists and from researchers in the area of AI that that Lisp is a good language for research and development in artificial intelligence. Does this still apply, with ...
30
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9answers
5k views

Is artificial intelligence vulnerable to hacking?

The paper The Limitations of Deep Learning in Adversarial Settings explores how neural networks might be corrupted by an attacker who can manipulate the data set that the neural network trains with. ...
28
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6answers
49k views

What is the difference between a convolutional neural network and a regular neural network?

I've seen these terms thrown around this site a lot, specifically in the tags convolutional-neural-networks and neural-networks. I know that a neural network is a system based loosely on the human ...
28
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2answers
1k views

How is a deep neural network different from other neural networks?

How is a neural network having the "deep" adjective actually distinguished from other similar networks?
27
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5answers
18k views

Is it possible to train the neural network to solve math equations?

I'm aware that neural networks are probably not designed to do that, however asking hypothetically, is it possible to train the deep neural network (or similar) to solve math equations? So given the ...
27
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4answers
12k views

Could a neural network detect primes?

I am not looking for an efficient way to find primes (which of course is a solved problem). This is more of a "what if" question. So, in theory: Could you train a neural network to predict whether ...
26
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3answers
10k views

Is it possible to train a neural network incrementally?

I would like to train a neural network where the output classes are not (all) defined from the start. More and more classes will be introduced later based on incoming data. This means that, every time ...
25
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4answers
4k views

Can neural networks be used to prove conjectures?

Imagine I have a list (in a computer-readable form) of all problems (or statements) and proofs that math relies on. Could I train a neural network in such a way that, for example, I enter a problem ...
23
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6answers
12k views

What is the purpose of an activation function in neural networks?

It is said that activation functions in neural networks help introduce non-linearity. What does this mean? What does non-linearity mean in this context? How does the introduction of this non-...
23
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5answers
19k views

What is the time complexity for training a neural network using back-propagation?

Suppose that a NN contains $n$ hidden layers, $m$ training examples, $x$ features, and $n_i$ nodes in each layer. What is the time complexity to train this NN using back-propagation? I have a basic ...
21
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4answers
348 views

Is the pattern recognition capability of CNNs limited to image processing?

Can a Convolutional Neural Network be used for pattern recognition in a problem domain where there are no pre-existing images, say by representing abstract data graphically? Would that always be less ...
20
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5answers
21k views

Can a neural network be used to predict the next pseudo random number?

Is it possible to feed a neural network the output from a random number generator and expect it learn the hashing (or generator) function, so that it can predict what will be the next generated pseudo-...
19
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3answers
24k views

Understanding GAN loss function

I'm struggling to understand the GAN loss function as provided in Understanding Generative Adversarial Networks (a blog post written by Daniel Seita). In the standard cross-entropy loss, we have an ...
19
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4answers
11k views

What is a Dynamic Computational Graph?

Frameworks like PyTorch and TensorFlow through TensorFlow Fold support Dynamic Computational Graphs and are receiving attention from data scientists. However, there seems to be a lack of resource to ...
18
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3answers
29k views

How do I handle large images when training a CNN?

Suppose that I have 10K images of sizes $2400 \times 2400$ to train a CNN. How do I handle such large image sizes without downsampling? Here are a few more specific questions. Are there any ...
18
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1answer
429 views

Are these two versions of back-propagation equivalent?

Just for fun, I am trying to develop a neural network. Now, for backpropagation I saw two techniques. The first one is used here and in many other places too. What it does is: It computes the ...
18
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3answers
1k views

Are there any computational models of mirror neurons?

From Wikipedia: A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another. Mirror neurons are related to imitation learning, ...
17
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4answers
4k views

Permutation invariant neural networks

Given a neural network $f$ that takes as input $n$ data points: $x_1, \dots, x_n$. We say $f$ is permutation invariant if $$f(x_1 ... x_n) = f(\sigma(x_1 ... x_n))$$ for any permutation $\sigma$. ...
17
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3answers
2k views

How are Artificial Neural Networks and the Biological Neural Networks similar and different?

I've heard multiple times that "Neural Networks are the best approximation we have to model the human brain", and I think it is commonly known that Neural Networks are modelled after our brain. I ...
17
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1answer
395 views

Could a Boltzmann machine store more patterns than a Hopfield net?

This is from a closed beta for AI, with this question being posted by user number 47. All credit to them. According to Wikipedia, Boltzmann machines can be seen as the stochastic, generative ...
16
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4answers
17k views

Can BERT be used for sentence generating tasks?

I am a new learner in NLP. I am interested in the sentence generating task. As far as I am concerned, one state-of-the-art method is the CharRNN, which uses RNN to generate a sequence of words. ...
16
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5answers
16k views

How can I deal with images of variable dimensions when doing image segmentation?

I'm facing the problem of having images of different dimensions as inputs in a segmentation task. Note that the images do not even have the same aspect ratio. One common approach that I found in ...
16
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2answers
329 views

Are Modular Neural Networks more effective than large, monolithic networks at any tasks?

Modular/Multiple Neural networks (MNNs) revolve around training smaller, independent networks that can feed into each other or another higher network. In principle, the hierarchical organization ...
15
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3answers
7k views

How to choose an activation function?

I choose the activation function for the output layer depending on the output that I need and the properties of the activation function that I know. For example, I choose the sigmoid function when I'm ...
15
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2answers
269 views

How do I decide the optimal number of layers for a neural network?

How do I decide the optimal number of layers for a neural network (feedforward or recurrent)?
15
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3answers
1k views

Has anyone thought about making a neural network ask questions, instead of only answering them?

Most of the people is trying to answer question with a neural network. However, has anyone came up with some thoughts about how to make neural network ask questions, instead of answer questions? For ...
14
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4answers
18k views

1 hidden layer with 1000 neurons vs. 10 hidden layers with 100 neurons

These types of questions may be problem-dependent, but I have tried to find research that addresses the question whether the number of hidden layers and their size (number of neurons in each layer) ...
14
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2answers
419 views

How should I encode the structure of a neural network into a genome?

For a deterministic problem space, I need to find a neural network with the optimal node and link structure. I want to use a genetic algorithm to simulate many neural networks to find the best network ...
14
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2answers
643 views

How can I automate the choice of the topology of a neural network for an arbitrary problem?

Assume that I want to solve an issue with a neural network that either I can't fit to already existing topologies (perceptron, Konohen, etc) or I'm simply not aware of the existence of those or I'm ...
14
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4answers
2k views

What activation function does the human brain use?

Does the human brain use a specific activation function? I've tried doing some research, and as it's a treshold for whether the signal is sent through a neuron or not, it sounds a lot like ReLU. ...
14
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2answers
666 views

Should deep residual networks be viewed as an ensemble of networks?

The question is about the architecture of Deep Residual Networks (ResNets). The model that won the 1-st places at "Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge 2015" (ILSVRC2015) in all five main tracks: ...
14
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0answers
2k views

What's the main concept behind capsule networks? [duplicate]

As you might know, capsule networks have been recently introduced by Hinton. There also have been several heads up within his talks. As expected, the paper elaborates on the idea way theoretically! ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Input/output encoding for a neural network to learn a grid-based game

I am writing a simple toy game with the intent of training a deep neural network on top of it. The games rules are roughly the following: The game has a board made up of hexagonal cells. Both players ...
12
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2answers
2k views

What is a recurrent neural network?

Surprisingly, this wasn't asked before - at least I didn't find anything besides some vaguely related questions. So, what is a recurrent neural network, and what are their advantages over regular (or ...
12
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2answers
183 views

Is there any artificial intelligence that possesses “concentration”?

Humans can do multiple tasks at the same (e.g. reading while listening to music), but we memorize information from less focused sources with worse efficiency than we do from our main focus or task. ...
12
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4answers
2k views

What makes neural networks so good at predictions?

I am new to neural-network and I am trying to understand mathematically what makes neural networks so good at classification problems. By taking the example of a small neural network (for example, ...
12
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2answers
1k views

How do generative adversarial networks work?

I am reading about generative adversarial networks (GANs) and I have some doubts regarding it. So far, I understand that in a GAN there are two different types of neural networks: one is generative ($...
12
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1answer
395 views

Can layers of deep neural networks be seen as Hopfield networks?

Hopfield networks are able to store a vector and retrieve it starting from a noisy version of it. They do so setting weights in order to minimize the energy function when all neurons are set equal to ...
12
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7answers
687 views

Can an AI be trained to generate the outline of a story?

I know that one of the recent fads right now is to train a neural network to generate screenplays and new episodes of e.g. the Friends or The Simpsons, and that's fine: it's interesting and might be ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Why initial weights in neural network are randomized?

This might sound silly to someone who has plenty of experience with neural networks but it bothers me... I mean randomizing initial weights might give you better results that would be somewhat closer ...
11
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3answers
659 views

How does noise affect generalization?

Does increasing the noise in data help to improve the learning ability of a network? Does it make any difference or does it depend on the problem being solved? How is it affect the generalization ...
11
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2answers
4k views

Which layer in a CNN consumes more training time: convolution layers or fully connected layers?

In a convolutional neural network, which layer consumes more training time: convolution layers or fully connected layers? We can take AlexNet architecture to understand this. I want to see the time ...
11
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2answers
3k views

Where can I find the proof of the universal approximation theorem?

The Wikipedia article for the universal approximation theorem cites a version of the universal approximation theorem for Lebesgue-measurable functions from this conference paper. However, the paper ...
11
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1answer
2k views

Are there neural networks with very few nodes that decently solve non-trivial problems?

I'm interested in knowing whether there exist any neural network, that solves (with >=80% accuracy) any nontrivial problem, that uses very few nodes (where 20 nodes is not a hard limit). I want to ...

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