Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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Problem with the Turing Test as Performed

Could anyone explain this problem I have with the Turing test as performed? Turing (1950) in describing the test says the computer takes the part of the man then plays the game as when played between ...
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How to assess the goodness of a text generation algorithm

Take a RNN network fed with Shakespeare and generating Shakespeare-like text. Once a model seems mathematically fine, as can be assessed by observing its loss and accuracy over training epochs, how ...
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Would empathy in AI be a reliable tool/capacity, or contribute to a solution to avoid harm done to humans or to other versions of AI?

INTRODUCTION: I am not a developer, scientist, or expert in anything related to AI. Just a random person who happens to be curious about AI and science in general. So please be so kind as to forgive ...
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Is there a recent book that covers the theoretical and philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence?

What are some recent books that introduce AI and neural networks while also discussing the related philosophical issues, like epistemology and whether AI is really thinking, etc.?
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Might AGI need to be flawed?

An example is the halting problem, which states computing cannot be solved by exhaustion, but which humans avoid trivially by becoming exhausted. Humans typically give up what seems like a lost cause ...
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Where is the difference between a neural network mapping a problem space and learning a behaviour?

I've been looking at neural networks for control applications. Let's say I used an RL algorithm to train a controller for the cart pole balancing problem. Assuming the neural network is simple and ...
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Isn't evolutionary theory the essence of intelligence after all? [closed]

The theory of evolution seems to be intelligent as it creates life The mechanism of evolutionary theory consists of mutation, recombination, and natural selection like a genetic algorithm. Isn't this ...
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Is GPT-3 an early example of strong AI in a narrow setting?

In GPT-2, the large achievement was being able to generate coherent text over a long-form while maintaining context. This was very impressive but for GPT-2 to do new language tasks, it had to be ...
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How is AI helping humanity?

There was a lot of Negative news on Artificial Intelligence. Most people were first exposed to the idea of artificial intelligence from Hollywood movies, long before they ever started seeing it in ...
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How does one prove comprehension in machines?

Say we have a machine and we give it a task to do (vision task, language task, game, etc.), how can one prove that a machine actually know's what's going on/happening in that specific task? To narrow ...
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Does Gödel's second incompleteness theorem put a limitation on artificial intelligence systems?

According to Brian Cantwell Smith no calculation without representation Therefore, computers depend on models. So, we can say that AI is limited internally by the model and externally by the ...
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What does a self-improving artificial general intelligence with finite resources and infinite time do?

What would happen when an artificial general intelligence can improve itself over a long time, with limited resources? The assumption is that it has a large but finite amount of computing power, and ...
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Does it classify as Machine Learning?

I have a gaussian distributed time series ($X_t$) with some parameters in my experiment. Suppose I want to know the mean $\mu$. If I define another time series $Y_t$ such that $Y_t=X_t-a$ for all $t$. ...
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What are the implications of the statement "If you can't tell, does it matter?" in relation to AI?

"If you can't tell, does it matter?" was one of the first lines of dialogue of the Westworld television series, presented as a throwaway in the first episode of the first season, in response ...
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Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions?

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions? For instance, where there an insufficient number of ventilators during a respiratory pandemic, not every patient can have ...
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Why is creating an AI that can code a hard task?

For people who have experience in the field, why is creating AI that has the ability to write programs (that are syntactically correct and useful) a hard task? What are the barriers/problems we have ...
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What assumptions are made when positing the emergence of superintelligence?

Many experts seem to think that artificial general intelligence, or AGI, (on the level of humans) is possible and likely to emerge in the near-ish future. Some make the further step to say that ...
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Would a new human-like general artificial intelligence be more similar, in terms of eduction, to a toddler or an adult human?

The naive concept of a general AI, or strong AI, or artificial general intelligence, is some kind of software that can answer questions like What is the volume of a cube that is 1 m wide? or ...
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What is the idea called involving an AI that will eventually rule humanity?

It's an idea I heard a while back but couldn't remember the name of. It involves the existence and development of an AI that will eventually rule the world and that if you don't fund or progress the ...
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Is the Cognitive Approach (SOAR) equivalent to the Chinese Room argument?

Soar is a cognitive architecture. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soar_(cognitive_architecture) https://soar.eecs.umich.edu/ There is something called "the Chinese box" or "Chinese room" argument: ...
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Is an oracle that answers only with a "yes" or "no" dangerous?

I was thinking about the risks of Oracle AI and it doesn't seem as safe to me as Bostrom et al. suggest. From my point of view, even an AGI that only answers questions could have a catastrophic impact....
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Use cases for AI inside the software company

This question is a bit philosophic and is about making new use cases for software companies. Let me describe what exist for now, why it is not enough, and what is needed. I know that there are a lot ...
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Can you provide some pseudocode examples of what constitutes an AI?

After years of learning, I still can't understand what is considered to be an AI. What are the requirements for an algorithm to constitute Artificial Intelligence? Can you provide pseudocode examples ...
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How do we define intention if there is no free will?

There is an idea that intentionality may be a requirement of true intelligence, here defined as human intelligence. But all I know for certain is that we have the appearance of free will. Under ...
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What event would confirm that we have implemented an AGI system?

I was listening to a podcast on the topic of AGI and a guest made an argument that if strong music generation were to happen, it would be a sign of "true" intelligence in machines because of ...
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What AI applications exist to solve sustainability issues?

The Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations describe a normative framework which states what future development until 2030 should strive for. On a more abstract level a basic definition ...
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Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...
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Can we just switch off a malicious artificial intelligence?

Let us assume we have a general AI that can improve itself and is at least as intelligent as humans. It has wide access to technical systems including the internet, and it can communicate with humans....
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Why is reinforcement learning not the answer to AGI?

I previously asked a question about How can an AI freely make decisions?. I got a great answer about how current algorithms lack agency. The first thing I thought of was reinforcement learning, since ...
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How can an AI freely make decisions?

Suppose a deep neural network is created using Keras or Tensorflow. Usually, when you want to make a prediction, the user would invoke model.predict. However, how ...
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Could AI kill the joy of competitive sports and games?

Lee Sedol, former world champion, and legendary Go player today announced his retirement with the quote "Even if I become the No. 1, there is an entity that cannot be defeated". Is it possible that ...
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How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?

Some people say that abstract thinking, intuition, common sense, and understanding cause and effect are important to make AGI. How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?
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Is artificial intelligence really just human intelligence?

Essentially, AI is created by human minds, so is the intelligence & creativity of algorithms properly an extension of human intelligence & creativity, rather than something independent? I ...
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Do algorithms like OpenAI's "think up strategies"?

I was discussing with a friend whether current AI does anything remotely similar to 'thinking' and he argued that AIs that play games must think up strategies. While thinking may not be precisely ...
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What are some books/papers that deal with fundamental and philosophical issues of ML and relate it to the global discourse of AIs?

In my experience, most of the time, when people talk about AI nowadays they mostly mean machine learning. Despite this, ML is usually seen as a mere technique to build high-performance software. I ...
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What are the risks associated with regulating AI?

As part of a research project for college, I would like to understand what many of you astern to be the risks associated with regulating Artificial Intelligence. Such as whether regulation is too ...
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What are examples of thought experiments against or in favour of strong AI, apart from the Chinese room argument?

The Chinese Room argument against strong AI overlooks the fact that "the man in the room" is acting as a macro-scale "neurotransmitter" of the larger system in which he resides. It does not rule out ...
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Why is awareness of itself such a point when speaking about AI?

Why is awareness of itself such a point when speaking about AI? Does it always mean a starting point for apocalyptic nightmares to occur when such a level is reached or is it just a classical example ...
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Can digital computers understand infinity?

As a human being, we can think infinity. In principle, if we have enough resources (time etc.), we can count infinitely many things (including abstract, like numbers, or real). For example, at least, ...
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Should AI be mortal by design? [closed]

There are the 3 Asimov’s laws: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings, except where such ...
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Should awareness of the existence of the AI designer be embedded in the AI consciousness?

Should awareness of the existence of the AI designer be embedded in the AI consciousness itself? Would are the risks and implications of not doing so?
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Does it matter if it's a bot or a human generating text? Doesn't it come down to the content?

It was noted today that automated text generation is advancing at a rapid pace, potentially accelerating. As bots become more and more capable of passing turing tests, especially in single iterations,...
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Is randomness necessary for AI?

Is randomness (either true randomness or simulated randomness) necessary for AI? If true, does it mean "intelligence comes from randomness"? If not, can a robot lacking the ability to generate random ...
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How could artificial intelligence harm us?

We often hear that artificial intelligence may harm or even kill humans, so it might prove dangerous. How could artificial intelligence harm us?
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Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
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Is AI and Big Data science recommending a shift in the scientific method from inductive to deductive reasoning?

Is this true? Are we planning to switching such reasoning methods regarding AI tech in the future?
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Why isn't conditional probability sufficient to describe causality?

I read these comments from Judea Pearl saying we don't have causality, physical equations are symmetric, etc. But the conditional probability is clearly not symmetric and captures directed ...
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Will it be possible to code an AGI to prevent evolution to ASI and enslave the AGI into servitude?

Will it be possible to code an AGI in order to prevent evolution to ASI and "enslave" the AGI into servitude? In my story world (a small part that will get bigger with sequels), there are ANI and AGI ...
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Do Gödel's theorems imply that intelligence systems may end up in some undecidable situation (that may make them take a wrong decision)? [closed]

So far I understand - I know very little on the topic - the core of AI boils down to design algorithms that shall provide a TRUE/FALSE answer to a given statement. Nevertheless, I am aware of the ...
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Is randomness anti-logical?

I came across a comment recently "reads like sentences strung together with no logic." But is this even possible? Sentences can be strung together randomly if the selection process is random. (...
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