Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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3 votes
2 answers
197 views

Will artificial intelligence make the human more rational?

With so much innovation, with so much previous human manual labor being performed in minutes or seconds by an artificial intelligence, one day man will put the survival and propagation of his species ...
7 votes
2 answers
313 views

Why is creating an AI that can code a hard task?

For people who have experience in the field, why is creating AI that has the ability to write programs (that are syntactically correct and useful) a hard task? What are the barriers/problems we have ...
0 votes
2 answers
67 views

Problem with the Turing Test as Performed

Could anyone explain this problem I have with the Turing test as performed? Turing (1950) in describing the test says the computer takes the part of the man then plays the game as when played between ...
68 votes
9 answers
10k views

Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Should awareness of the existence of the AI designer be embedded in the AI consciousness?

Should awareness of the existence of the AI designer be embedded in the AI consciousness itself? Would are the risks and implications of not doing so?
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Could humans hurt a conscious or sentient AI?

If a conscious AI is possible, would it also be possible for someone who knows what they are doing to torture (or hurt) the AI? Could this be avoided? How? This question deals with computer-based AI, ...
1 vote
3 answers
84 views

Is there a recent book that covers the theoretical and philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence?

What are some recent books that introduce AI and neural networks while also discussing the related philosophical issues, like epistemology and whether AI is really thinking, etc.?
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

What are some books/papers that deal with fundamental and philosophical issues of ML and relate it to the global discourse of AIs?

In my experience, most of the time, when people talk about AI nowadays they mostly mean machine learning. Despite this, ML is usually seen as a mere technique to build high-performance software. I ...
2 votes
2 answers
326 views

Would an artificial general intelligence have to be Turing complete?

For the purposes of this question, let's suppose that an artificial general intelligence (AGI) is defined as a machine that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can [1]. ...
4 votes
1 answer
164 views

Can a computer identify the philosophical concept on which a given story is based?

Say you have to enter a story to a computer. Now, the computer has to identify the philosophical concept on which the story is based, say: Was it a "self-fulfilling prophecy"? Was it an ...
173 votes
12 answers
49k views

Could a paradox kill an AI?

In Portal 2 we see that AI's can be "killed" by thinking about a paradox. I assume this works by forcing the AI into an infinite loop which would essentially "freeze" the computer's consciousness. ...
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

Is GPT-3 an early example of strong AI in a narrow setting?

In GPT-2, the large achievement was being able to generate coherent text over a long-form while maintaining context. This was very impressive but for GPT-2 to do new language tasks, it had to be ...
1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Is Intelligence a naturally occurring function of Information Technology?

Here intelligence is defined as any analytic or decision making process, regardless of strength (utility), and, potentially, any process of computation that produces output, regardless of the medium. ...
6 votes
2 answers
151 views

What does learning mean? [closed]

Can someone explain what is the process of learning? What does it mean to learn something?
4 votes
1 answer
147 views

Is an algorithm that is no longer actively learning an AI?

This question assumes a definition of AI based on machine learning, and was inspired by this fun Technology Review post: SOURCE: Is this AI? We drew you a flowchart to work it out (Karen Hao, MIT ...
1 vote
1 answer
161 views

Google's Principles of Artificial Intelligence [closed]

Earlier this month, Google released a set of principles governing their AI development initiatives. The stated principles are: Objectives for AI Applications: Be socially beneficial. ...
2 votes
2 answers
290 views

Can an AI distinguish between good and bad according to people living in a restricted geographical area? [closed]

Would people go far with Artificial Intelligence and machine learning to the point where machines could learn during a long period of time to distinguish what's 'good' from 'bad' according to people ...
12 votes
4 answers
653 views

Is the singularity something to be taken seriously?

The term Singularity is often used in mainstream media for describing visionary technology. It was introduced by Ray Kurzweil in a popular book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (...
0 votes
1 answer
59 views

How important will statistical learning be to a conscious AI?

Deep learning is based on getting a large number of samples and essentially making statistical deductions and outputting probabilities. On the other hand, we have formal programming languages, like ...
5 votes
2 answers
212 views

Is it possible to build an AI that learns humanity, morally?

It is a new era and people are trying to evolve more in science and technology. Artificial Intelligent is one of the ways to achieve this. We have seen lots of examples for AI sequences or a simple &...
4 votes
6 answers
468 views

Why are we asking "How can we simulate the brain?"

As I've thought about AI, and what I understand of the problems that we face in the creation of it, I've noticed a recurring pattern: we always seem to be asking ourselves, "how can we better ...
6 votes
3 answers
156 views

Algorithms can be greedy. What are some other algorithmic vices?

Greedy algorithms are well known, and although useful in a local context for certain problems, and even potentially find general, global optimal solutions, they nonetheless trade optimality for ...
26 votes
4 answers
5k views

What are the current theories on the development of a conscious AI?

What are the current theories on the development of a conscious AI? Is anyone even trying to develop a conscious AI? Is it possible that consciousness is an emergent phenomenon, that is, once we put ...
2 votes
0 answers
104 views

How would a quantum computer potentially facilitate artificial consciousness, assuming it is possible?

How would a quantum computer potentially facilitate artificial consciousness, assuming it is possible?
5 votes
4 answers
535 views

Is reinforcement learning needed to create Strong AI?

By reinforcement learning, I don't mean the class of machine learning algorithms such as DeepQ, etc. I have in mind the general concept of learning based on rewards and punishment. Is it possible to ...
12 votes
6 answers
2k views

What would motivate a machine?

Currently, within the AI development field, the main focus seems to be on pattern recognition and machine learning. Learning is about adjusting internal variables based on a feedback loop. Maslow's ...
3 votes
3 answers
186 views

Is a super-intelligence limited by the intelligence of its creator?

An argument against the possibility of super-intelligence is that the intelligence of a creation will be limited by the intelligence of its creator. How reasonable is this argument?
10 votes
4 answers
933 views

Why would an AI need to 'wipe out the human race'?

I'm reading such nonsense about how an AI would turn the world into a supercomputer to solve a problem that it thought it needed to solve. That wouldn't be AI. That's procedural programming stuck in ...
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

Might AGI need to be flawed?

An example is the halting problem, which states computing cannot be solved by exhaustion, but which humans avoid trivially by becoming exhausted. Humans typically give up what seems like a lost cause ...
14 votes
7 answers
1k views

Is consciousness necessary for any AI task?

Consciousness is challenging to define, but for this question let's define it as "actually experiencing sensory input as opposed to just putting a bunch of data through an inanimate machine." Humans, ...
0 votes
0 answers
26 views

How to assess the goodness of a text generation algorithm

Take a RNN network fed with Shakespeare and generating Shakespeare-like text. Once a model seems mathematically fine, as can be assessed by observing its loss and accuracy over training epochs, how ...
4 votes
3 answers
152 views

Can we make a chatbot that really "understands" the questions?

Can we make a chatbot that really "understands" (rather than just replies to) questions based on the database/options of replies that it has? I mean, can it come up with correct/non-stupid ...
-1 votes
1 answer
69 views

Would empathy in AI be a reliable tool/capacity, or contribute to a solution to avoid harm done to humans or to other versions of AI?

INTRODUCTION: I am not a developer, scientist, or expert in anything related to AI. Just a random person who happens to be curious about AI and science in general. So please be so kind as to forgive ...
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is reinforcement learning not the answer to AGI?

I previously asked a question about How can an AI freely make decisions?. I got a great answer about how current algorithms lack agency. The first thing I thought of was reinforcement learning, since ...
2 votes
3 answers
697 views

What are the implications of the statement "If you can't tell, does it matter?" in relation to AI?

"If you can't tell, does it matter?" was one of the first lines of dialogue of the Westworld television series, presented as a throwaway in the first episode of the first season, in response ...
3 votes
4 answers
179 views

How do we define intention if there is no free will?

There is an idea that intentionality may be a requirement of true intelligence, here defined as human intelligence. But all I know for certain is that we have the appearance of free will. Under ...
12 votes
10 answers
2k views

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming humans had finally developed the first humanoid AI based on the human brain, would It feel emotions? If not, would it still have ethics and/or morals?
7 votes
3 answers
913 views

Can an AI learn to suffer?

I had first this question in mind "Can an AI suffer?". Suffering is important for human beings. Imagine that you are damaging your heel. Without pain, you will continue to harm it. Same for an AI. But ...
45 votes
19 answers
15k views

Can digital computers understand infinity?

As a human being, we can think infinity. In principle, if we have enough resources (time etc.), we can count infinitely many things (including abstract, like numbers, or real). For example, at least, ...
1 vote
2 answers
283 views

Are there any artificial intelligence systems with an internal dialectical approach and multiple minds which develop within a community of nodes?

In my estimation we have two minds which manage to speak to each other in dialectic through a series of interrupts. Thus at any one time one of these systems is controlling master and inhabits our ...
2 votes
0 answers
26 views

Where is the difference between a neural network mapping a problem space and learning a behaviour?

I've been looking at neural networks for control applications. Let's say I used an RL algorithm to train a controller for the cart pole balancing problem. Assuming the neural network is simple and ...
13 votes
4 answers
588 views

Does the Chinese Room argument hold against AI?

Back in college, I had a Complexity Theory teacher who stated that artificial intelligence was a contradiction in terms. If it could be calculated mechanically, he argued, it wasn't intelligence, it ...
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

How can an AI freely make decisions?

Suppose a deep neural network is created using Keras or Tensorflow. Usually, when you want to make a prediction, the user would invoke model.predict. However, how ...
11 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why do we need common sense in AI?

Let's consider this example: It's John's birthday, let's buy him a kite. We humans most likely would say the kite is a birthday gift, if asked why it's being bought; and we refer to this reasoning ...
-1 votes
2 answers
244 views

Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...
8 votes
6 answers
402 views

What event would confirm that we have implemented an AGI system?

I was listening to a podcast on the topic of AGI and a guest made an argument that if strong music generation were to happen, it would be a sign of "true" intelligence in machines because of ...
5 votes
2 answers
247 views

How does Lucas's argument work?

In Minds, Machines and Gödel (1959), J. R. Lucas shows that any human mathematician can not be represented by an algorithmic automaton (a Turing Machine, but any computer is equivalent to it by the ...
3 votes
3 answers
144 views

Is there any research work on the usefulness of the concept of "personality" for an AGI?

Humans have been endowed with personalities by nature, and it is not clear (to me at least) if this is a feature or a bug. This has been explored in science fiction by various notions of Borg-like ...
9 votes
2 answers
391 views

How is the "right to explanation" reasonable?

There has been recent uptick in interest in eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Here is XAI's mission as stated on its DARPA page: The Explainable AI (XAI) program aims to create a suite of ...
1 vote
2 answers
99 views

Is there a formal name for this philosophical AI problem?

Expressed in my own words: Suppose we create something that passes all of our tests and is indistinguishable from another human. How can you know if this is truly a conscious being as a human ...