Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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170
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12answers
46k views

Could a paradox kill an AI?

In Portal 2 we see that AI's can be "killed" by thinking about a paradox. I assume this works by forcing the AI into an infinite loop which would essentially "freeze" the computer's consciousness. ...
44
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19answers
15k views

Can digital computers understand infinity?

As a human being, we can think infinity. In principle, if we have enough resources (time etc.), we can count infinitely many things (including abstract, like numbers, or real). For example, at least, ...
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2answers
240 views

Are there any artificial intelligence systems with an internal dialectical approach and multiple minds which develop within a community of nodes?

In my estimation we have two minds which manage to speak to each other in dialectic through a series of interrupts. Thus at any one time one of these systems is controlling master and inhabits our ...
2
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0answers
15 views

Where is the difference between a neural network mapping a problem space and learning a behaviour?

I've been looking at neural networks for control applications. Let's say I used an RL algorithm to train a controller for the cart pole balancing problem. Assuming the neural network is simple and ...
13
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4answers
539 views

Does the Chinese Room argument hold against AI?

Back in college, I had a Complexity Theory teacher who stated that artificial intelligence was a contradiction in terms. If it could be calculated mechanically, he argued, it wasn't intelligence, it ...
8
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1answer
826 views

Why is reinforcement learning not the answer to AGI?

I previously asked a question about How can an AI freely make decisions?. I got a great answer about how current algorithms lack agency. The first thing I thought of was reinforcement learning, since ...
8
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3answers
2k views

How can an AI freely make decisions?

Suppose a deep neural network is created using Keras or Tensorflow. Usually, when you want to make a prediction, the user would invoke model.predict. However, how ...
11
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5answers
6k views

Why do we need common sense in AI?

Let's consider this example: It's John's birthday, let's buy him a kite. We humans most likely would say the kite is a birthday gift, if asked why it's being bought; and we refer to this reasoning ...
0
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2answers
233 views

Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...
7
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6answers
339 views

What event would confirm that we have implemented an AGI system?

I was listening to a podcast on the topic of AGI and a guest made an argument that if strong music generation were to happen, it would be a sign of "true" intelligence in machines because of ...
5
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2answers
217 views

How does Lucas's argument work?

In Minds, Machines and Gödel (1959), J. R. Lucas shows that any human mathematician can not be represented by an algorithmic automaton (a Turing Machine, but any computer is equivalent to it by the ...
8
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2answers
455 views

What prevents us from developing artificial consciousness?

With some knowledge of machine learning and deep learning, it seems very unlikely for AI to develop into the consciousness that we imagine. To me, consciousness requires a new framework that is very ...
3
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3answers
124 views

Is there any research work on the usefulness of the concept of “personality” for an AGI?

Humans have been endowed with personalities by nature, and it is not clear (to me at least) if this is a feature or a bug. This has been explored in science fiction by various notions of Borg-like ...
9
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2answers
358 views

How is the “right to explanation” reasonable?

There has been recent uptick in interest in eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Here is XAI's mission as stated on its DARPA page: The Explainable AI (XAI) program aims to create a suite of ...
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2answers
189 views

Would an artificial general intelligence have to be Turing complete?

Artificial general intelligence is the intelligence of a machine that could successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can. Would an artificial general intelligence have to be ...
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2answers
91 views

Is there a formal name for this philosophical AI problem?

Expressed in my own words: Suppose we create something that passes all of our tests and is indistinguishable from another human. How can you know if this is truly a conscious being as a human ...
10
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1answer
195 views

Is analogy necessary to artificial general intelligence?

Analogies are quite powerful in communication. They allow explaining complex concepts to people with no domain knowledge, just by mapping to a known domain. Hofstadter says they matter, whereas ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Is the Cognitive Approach (SOAR) equivalent to the Chinese Room argument?

Soar is a cognitive architecture. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soar_(cognitive_architecture) https://soar.eecs.umich.edu/ There is something called "the Chinese box" or "Chinese room" argument: ...
3
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1answer
104 views

What are examples of thought experiments against or in favour of strong AI, apart from the Chinese room argument?

The Chinese Room argument against strong AI overlooks the fact that "the man in the room" is acting as a macro-scale "neurotransmitter" of the larger system in which he resides. It does not rule out ...
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8answers
1k views

Is artificial intelligence really just human intelligence?

Essentially, AI is created by human minds, so is the intelligence & creativity of algorithms properly an extension of human intelligence & creativity, rather than something independent? I ...
11
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5answers
3k views

Is there a rigorous proof that AGI is possible, at least, in theory?

It is often implicitly assumed in computer science that the human mind, or at least some mechanical calculations that humans perform (see the Church-Turing thesis), can be replicated with a Turing ...
3
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1answer
135 views

Can AI research lead to new findings in general cognitive science?

Can AI be used as a tool to investigate our minds? To be more precise, what am I specifically asking for here are examples of discoveries on artificial intelligence (so algorithms, programs and ...
16
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4answers
559 views

How to reinvent jobs replaced by AI?

In general, what possibilities are there for reinventing job descriptions that could be replaced by an automated AI solution? My initial ideas include: Monitoring the AI and flagging its incorrect ...
2
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2answers
241 views

What are the implications of the statement “If you can't tell, does it matter?” in relation to AI?

"If you can't tell, does it matter?" was one of the first lines of dialogue of the Westworld television series, presented as a throwaway in the first episode of the first season, in response ...
7
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4answers
172 views

Does the recent advent of a Go playing computer represent Artificial Intelligence?

I read that in the spring of 2016 a computer Go program was finally able to beat a professional human for the first time. Now that this milestone has been reached, does that represent a significant ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Is AI and Big Data science recommending a shift in the scientific method from inductive to deductive reasoning?

Is this true? Are we planning to switching such reasoning methods regarding AI tech in the future?
3
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2answers
136 views

How do we define intention if there is no free will?

There is an idea that intentionality may be a requirement of true intelligence, here defined as human intelligence. But all I know for certain is that we have the appearance of free will. Under ...
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2answers
126 views

How is AI helping humanity?

There was a lot of Negative news on Artificial Intelligence. Most people were first exposed to the idea of artificial intelligence from Hollywood movies, long before they ever started seeing it in ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Does Gödel's second incompleteness theorem put a limitation on artificial intelligence systems?

According to Brian Cantwell Smith no calculation without representation Therefore, computers depend on models. So, we can say that AI is limited internally by the model and externally by the ...
4
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3answers
163 views

Shouldn't Gödel's incompleteness theorems disprove the physical symbol system hypothesis?

According to the Wikipedia page of the physical symbol system hypothesis (PSSH), this hypothesis seems to be a vividly debated topic in philosophy of AI. But, since it's about formal systems, shouldn'...
4
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3answers
165 views

Do genetic algorithms and neural networks really think?

I'm aware of those AI systems that can play games and neural networks that can identify pictures. But are they really thinking? Do they think like humans? Do they have consciousness? Or are they just ...
7
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2answers
230 views

Why is creating an AI that can code a hard task?

For people who have experience in the field, why is creating AI that has the ability to write programs (that are syntactically correct and useful) a hard task? What are the barriers/problems we have ...
11
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3answers
818 views

What is wrong with the idea that the AI will be capable of omniscience?

In the context of artificial intelligence, the singularity refers to the advent of an artificial general intelligence capable of recursive self-improvement, leading to the rapid emergence of ...
37
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4answers
1k views

What is the concept of the technological singularity?

I've heard the idea of the technological singularity, what is it and how does it relate to Artificial Intelligence? Is this the theoretical point where Artificial Intelligence machines have progressed ...
3
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2answers
1k views

What is the role of biology in AI?

Biology is used in AI terminology. What are the reasons? What does biology have to do with AI? For instance, why is the genetic algorithm used in AI? Does it fully belong to biology?
0
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1answer
65 views

Isn't evolutionary theory the essence of intelligence after all?

The theory of evolution seems to be intelligent as it creates life The mechanism of evolutionary theory consists of mutation, recombination, and natural selection like a genetic algorithm. Isn't this ...
66
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9answers
10k views

Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
11
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13answers
12k views

Is AI living or non-living?

I'm a bit confused about the definition of life. Can AI systems be called 'living'? Because they can do most of the things that we can. They can even communicate with one another. They are not ...
4
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2answers
194 views

What would be the result of an AI that does not find any pattern according its available methods of pattern recognition?

What would be the result of an AI subject to a data stream or information stream, fed to it from events in an "external world", if it could not find any pattern within that stream by the ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Where would consciousness reside in an artificial intelligence?

I think that my consciousness and intelligence remains located inside me, in my body or brain. I know that I am a stalwart of a dualistic nature: mind and material. But let's suppose that an ...
4
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3answers
739 views

Are Rationality and Intelligence distinct?

This just popped into my head, and I haven't thought it through, but it feels like a sound question. The definition of intelligence might still be somewhat fuzzy, possibly a factor of our evolving ...
2
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2answers
74 views

Is intelligence limited to thoughts it is able to associate words with?

It appears to me that the thoughts in our heads, or at least mine, are a result of the language they know. I do not have any thought that is not a consequence of the information that is contained ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Is GPT-3 an early example of Strong AI in a Narrow setting?

In GPT-2, the large achievement was being able to generate coherent text over a long-form while maintaining context. This was very impressive but for GPT-2 to do new language tasks, it had to be ...
9
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2answers
198 views

What is the difference between search and learning?

I came across an article, The Bitter Truth, via the Two Minute Papers YouTube Channel. Rich Sutton says... One thing that should be learned from the bitter lesson is the great power of general ...
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7answers
2k views

What are the most instructive movies about artificial intelligence?

The field of AI has expanded profoundly in recent years, as has public awareness and interest. This includes the arts, where fiction about AI has been popular since at least Isaac Asimov. Films on ...
12
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4answers
546 views

Is the singularity something to be taken seriously?

The term Singularity is often used in mainstream media for describing visionary technology. It was introduced by Ray Kurzweil in a popular book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (...
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1answer
79 views

How artificial intelligence will change the future?

AI is the emerging field and biggest business opportunity of the next decade. It's already automating manual and repetitive tasks. And in some areas, it can learn faster than humans, if not yet as ...
97
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14answers
6k views

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events: ...
8
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6answers
537 views

Is artificial life really life or not?

I define Artificial Life as a "simulation" or "copy" of life. However, should it be considered a simulation or copy? If one had motivation and money, someone could theoretically ...
5
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2answers
266 views

Can an AGI convince another AGI to modify its code?

Let's suppose there are two AGIs, $A$ and $B$. Assume that $B$ has the ability to modify $A$, but this action of modifying is considered bad by $B$. Can $A$ ever convince $B$ to modify $A$?