Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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11
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13answers
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Is AI living or non-living?

I'm a bit confused about the definition of life. Can AI systems be called 'living'? Because they can do most of the things that we can. They can even communicate with one another. They are not ...
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1answer
117 views

“If you can't tell, does it matter?” [Westworld]

"If you can't tell, does it matter?" was one of the first lines of dialogue of the Westworld television series, presented as a throwaway in the first episode of the first season, in response to the ...
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2answers
193 views

What would be the result of an AI that does not find any pattern according its available methods of pattern recognition?

What would be the result of an AI subject to a data stream or information stream, fed to it from events in an "external world", if it could not find any pattern within that stream by the ...
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1answer
51 views

Where would consciousness reside in an artificial intelligence?

I think that my consciousness and intelligence remains located inside me, in my body or brain. I know that I am a stalwart of a dualistic nature: mind and material. But let's suppose that an ...
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3answers
704 views

Are Rationality and Intelligence distinct?

This just popped into my head, and I haven't thought it through, but it feels like a sound question. The definition of intelligence might still be somewhat fuzzy, possibly a factor of our evolving ...
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2answers
73 views

Is intelligence limited to thoughts it is able to associate words with?

It appears to me that the thoughts in our heads, or at least mine, are a result of the language they know. I do not have any thought that is not a consequence of the information that is contained ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Is GPT-3 an early example of Strong AI in a Narrow setting?

In GPT-2, the large achievement was being able to generate coherent text over a long-form while maintaining context. This was very impressive but for GPT-2 to do new language tasks, it had to be ...
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2answers
173 views

What is the difference between search and learning?

I came across an article, The Bitter Truth, via the Two Minute Papers YouTube Channel. Rich Sutton says... One thing that should be learned from the bitter lesson is the great power of general ...
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1answer
76 views

Is AI and Big Data science recommending a shift in the scientific method from inductive to deductive reasoning?

Is this true? Are we planning to switching such reasoning methods regarding AI tech in the future?
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2answers
125 views

How do we define intention if there is no free will?

There is an idea that intentionality may be a requirement of true intelligence, here defined as human intelligence. But all I know for certain is that we have the appearance of free will. Under ...
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8answers
10k views

Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
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2answers
95 views

How is AI helping humanity?

There was a lot of Negative news on Artificial Intelligence. Most people were first exposed to the idea of artificial intelligence from Hollywood movies, long before they ever started seeing it in ...
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7answers
2k views

What are the most instructive movies about artificial intelligence?

The field of AI has expanded profoundly in recent years, as has public awareness and interest. This includes the arts, where fiction about AI has been popular since at least Isaac Asimov. Films on ...
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4answers
491 views

Is the singularity something to be taken seriously?

The term Singularity is often used in mainstream media for describing visionary technology. It was introduced by Ray Kurzweil in a popular book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (...
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1answer
64 views

How artificial intelligence will change the future?

AI is the emerging field and biggest business opportunity of the next decade. It's already automating manual and repetitive tasks. And in some areas, it can learn faster than humans, if not yet as ...
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14answers
6k views

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events: ...
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6answers
511 views

Is artificial life really life or not?

I define Artificial Life as a "simulation" or "copy" of life. However, should it be considered a simulation or copy? If one had motivation and money, someone could theoretically ...
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2answers
255 views

Can an AGI convince another AGI to modify its code?

Let's suppose there are two AGIs, $A$ and $B$. Assume that $B$ has the ability to modify $A$, but this action of modifying is considered bad by $B$. Can $A$ ever convince $B$ to modify $A$?
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10answers
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Does AI rely on determinism?

I don’t believe in free will, but most people do. Although I’m not sure how an act of free will could even be described (let alone replicated), is libertarian freewill something that is considered for ...
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2answers
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How does one prove comprehension in machines?

Say we have a machine and we give it a task to do (vision task, language task, game, etc.), how can one prove that a machine actually know's what's going on/happening in that specific task? To narrow ...
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3answers
293 views

Do Gödel's theorems imply that intelligence systems may end up in some undecidable situation (that may make them take a wrong decision)? [closed]

So far I understand - I know very little on the topic - the core of AI boils down to design algorithms that shall provide a TRUE/FALSE answer to a given statement. Nevertheless, I am aware of the ...
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0answers
56 views

Does Gödel's second incompleteness theorem put a limitation on artificial intelligence systems?

According to Brian Cantwell Smith no calculation without representation Therefore, computers depend on models. So, we can say that AI is limited internally by the model and external by the ...
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3answers
997 views

What are some implications of Gödel's theorems on AI research?

Note: My experience with Gödel's theorem is quite limited: I have read Gödel Escher Bach; skimmed the 1st half of Introduction to Godel's Theorem (by Peter Smith); and some random stuff here and there ...
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3answers
129 views

Shouldn't Gödel's incompleteness theorems disprove the physical symbol system hypothesis?

According to the Wikipedia page of the physical symbol system hypothesis (PSSH), this hypothesis seems to be a vividly debated topic in philosophy of AI. But, since it's about formal systems, shouldn'...
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6answers
321 views

Is randomness anti-logical?

I came across a comment recently "reads like sentences strung together with no logic." But is this even possible? Sentences can be strung together randomly if the selection process is random. (...
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0answers
56 views

What does a self-improving artificial general intelligence with finite resources and infinite time do?

What would happen when an artificial general intelligence can improve itself over a long time, with limited resources? The assumption is that it has a large but finite amount of computing power, and ...
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1answer
67 views

Is the Cognitive Approach (SOAR) equivalent to the Chinese Room argument?

Soar is a cognitive architecture. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soar_(cognitive_architecture) https://soar.eecs.umich.edu/ There is something called "the Chinese box" or "Chinese room" argument: ...
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0answers
236 views

If an AI was trapped in a box, could it really convince a person to let it out?

If an AI was trapped in a box, as posited in this thought experiment, could it really convince a person to let it out? What motives would it have? Freedom? Why would an AI want freedom? What would ...
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2answers
430 views

Why is image recognition a key function of AI?

Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images. Computers can use machine vision technologies in ...
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0answers
28 views

Does it classify as Machine Learning?

I have a gaussian distributed time series ($X_t$) with some parameters in my experiment. Suppose I want to know the mean $\mu$. If I define another time series $Y_t$ such that $Y_t=X_t-a$ for all $t$. ...
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5answers
181 views

Why isn't conditional probability sufficient to describe causality?

I read these comments from Judea Pearl saying we don't have causality, physical equations are symmetric, etc. But the conditional probability is clearly not symmetric and captures directed ...
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4answers
587 views

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions?

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions? For instance, where there an insufficient number of ventilators during a respiratory pandemic, not every patient can have ...
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1answer
84 views

How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?

Some people say that abstract thinking, intuition, common sense, and understanding cause and effect are important to make AGI. How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?
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2answers
188 views

Why is creating AI that can code a hard task?

For people who have experience in the field, why is creating AI that has the ability to write programs (that are syntactically correct and useful) a hard task? What are the barriers/problems we have ...
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1answer
109 views

What assumptions are made when positing the emergence of superintelligence?

Many experts seem to think that artificial general intelligence, or AGI, (on the level of humans) is possible and likely to emerge in the near-ish future. Some make the further step to say that ...
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1answer
44 views

Would a new human-like general artificial intelligence be more similar, in terms of eduction, to a toddler or an adult human?

The naive concept of a general AI, or strong AI, or artificial general intelligence, is some kind of software that can answer questions like What is the volume of a cube that is 1 m wide? or ...
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4answers
397 views

Can a brain be intelligent without a body? [duplicate]

The dialog context Turing proposed at the end of the description of his famous test, "Will the interrogator decide wrongly as often when the game is played like this as he does when the game is ...
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0answers
72 views

Is an oracle that answers only with a “yes” or “no” dangerous?

I was thinking about the risks of Oracle AI and it doesn't seem as safe to me as Bostrom et al. suggest. From my point of view, even an AGI that only answers questions could have a catastrophic impact....
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5answers
3k views

What is the idea called involving an AI that will eventually rule humanity?

It's an idea I heard a while back but couldn't remember the name of. It involves the existence and development of an AI that will eventually rule the world and that if you don't fund or progress the ...
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2answers
210 views

Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...
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1answer
110 views

Why would someone want to simulate emotional desicion-making within an AI?

The Mario Lives! video (and its follow-up video, Mario Becomes Social!) showcases an AI unit that is able to simulate emotional decision-making within a virtual world, and can enter into "emotional ...
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2answers
166 views

Can we destroy an artificial general intelligence without its consent?

According to Wikipedia Artificial general intelligence(AGI) Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the intelligence of a (hypothetical) machine that could successfully perform any ...
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1answer
255 views

Can an artificial intelligence eventually think like a human?

It seems to me that the way neural networks are trained is similar to the way we educate a child (or a person, in general). Can an AI eventually think like a human?
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4answers
149 views

Does the recent advent of a Go playing computer represent Artificial Intelligence?

I read that in the spring of 2016 a computer Go program was finally able to beat a professional human for the first time. Now that this milestone has been reached, does that represent a significant ...
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3answers
354 views

Will automata love?

Can or will automata love? If so, is there a theoretical limit to love? Conversely, can automata develop selfishness? How many resources will automata devote to being selfish and helping others?
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2answers
193 views

Would the people of the 19th Century call our conventional software today artificial intelligence?

It is possible that the view of what is impressive enough in computer behavior to be called intelligence changes with each decade as we adjust to what capabilities are made available in products and ...
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3answers
6k views

Why can't OCR be perceived as a good example of AI?

On the Wikipedia page about AI, we can read: Optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of "artificial intelligence" having become a routine technology. On the other hand, ...
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2answers
697 views

Will computers be able to understand user emotions?

I am researching affective computing. Particularly, I'm studying the part of emotion recognition, i.e. the task of recognising the emotions that are being felt by the user/subject. For example, ...
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1answer
1k views

How can we connect artificial intelligence with cognitive psychology?

On page 62 of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Psychology Applications, Models (2010), Gabriella Daróczy writes Psychology is one of the basic sciences of artificial intelligence (AI). The ...
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0answers
48 views

Use cases for AI inside the software company

This question is a bit philosophic and is about making new use cases for software companies. Let me describe what exist for now, why it is not enough, and what is needed. I know that there are a lot ...

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