Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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5 answers
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What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example, people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
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69 votes
9 answers
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Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
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13 votes
2 answers
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Why is reinforcement learning not the answer to AGI?

I previously asked a question about How can an AI freely make decisions?. I got a great answer about how current algorithms lack agency. The first thing I thought of was reinforcement learning, since ...
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11 votes
3 answers
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What is wrong with the idea that the AI will be capable of omniscience?

In the context of artificial intelligence, the singularity refers to the advent of an artificial general intelligence capable of recursive self-improvement, leading to the rapid emergence of ...
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177 votes
12 answers
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Could a paradox kill an AI?

In Portal 2 we see that AI's can be "killed" by thinking about a paradox. I assume this works by forcing the AI into an infinite loop which would essentially "freeze" the computer's consciousness. ...
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101 votes
14 answers
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How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events: ...
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55 votes
13 answers
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How could artificial intelligence harm us?

We often hear that artificial intelligence may harm or even kill humans, so it might prove dangerous. How could artificial intelligence harm us?
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14 votes
3 answers
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What are some implications of Gödel's theorems on AI research?

Note: My experience with Gödel's theorem is quite limited: I have read Gödel Escher Bach; skimmed the 1st half of Introduction to Godel's Theorem (by Peter Smith); and some random stuff here and there ...
12 votes
10 answers
2k views

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming humans had finally developed the first humanoid AI based on the human brain, would It feel emotions? If not, would it still have ethics and/or morals?
23 votes
3 answers
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Why can't OCR be perceived as a good example of AI?

On the Wikipedia page about AI, we can read: Optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of "artificial intelligence" having become a routine technology. On the other hand, ...
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13 votes
4 answers
711 views

Is the singularity something to be taken seriously?

The term Singularity is often used in mainstream media for describing visionary technology. It was introduced by Ray Kurzweil in a popular book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (...
13 votes
3 answers
837 views

Why teaching only search algorithms in a short introductory AI course?

I understood that the concept of search is important in AI. There's a question on this website regarding this topic, but one could also intuitively understand why. I've had an introductory course on ...
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12 votes
5 answers
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Why do we need common sense in AI?

Let's consider this example: It's John's birthday, let's buy him a kite. We humans most likely would say the kite is a birthday gift, if asked why it's being bought; and we refer to this reasoning ...
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8 votes
6 answers
438 views

What event would confirm that we have implemented an AGI system?

I was listening to a podcast on the topic of AGI and a guest made an argument that if strong music generation were to happen, it would be a sign of "true" intelligence in machines because of ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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Can an AI learn to suffer?

I had first this question in mind "Can an AI suffer?". Suffering is important for human beings. Imagine that you are damaging your heel. Without pain, you will continue to harm it. Same for an AI. But ...
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4 answers
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Can a brain be intelligent without a body? [duplicate]

The dialog context Turing proposed at the end of the description of his famous test, "Will the interrogator decide wrongly as often when the game is played like this as he does when the game is ...
39 votes
4 answers
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What is the concept of the technological singularity?

I've heard the idea of the technological singularity, what is it and how does it relate to Artificial Intelligence? Is this the theoretical point where Artificial Intelligence machines have progressed ...
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14 votes
7 answers
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Is consciousness necessary for any AI task?

Consciousness is challenging to define, but for this question let's define it as "actually experiencing sensory input as opposed to just putting a bunch of data through an inanimate machine." Humans, ...
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12 votes
5 answers
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Is there a rigorous proof that AGI is possible, at least, in theory?

It is often implicitly assumed in computer science that the human mind, or at least some mechanical calculations that humans perform (see the Church-Turing thesis), can be replicated with a Turing ...
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5 answers
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Is a genetic algorithm an example of artificial intelligence?

Since human intelligence presumably is a function of a natural genetic algorithm in nature, is using a genetic algorithm in a computer an example of artificial intelligence? If not, how do they differ?...
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12 votes
2 answers
667 views

How important is consciousness for making advanced artificial intelligence? [closed]

How important is consciousness and self-consciousness for making advanced AIs? How far away are we from making such? When making e.g. a neural network there's (very probably) no consciousness within ...
10 votes
4 answers
965 views

Why would an AI need to 'wipe out the human race'?

I'm reading such nonsense about how an AI would turn the world into a supercomputer to solve a problem that it thought it needed to solve. That wouldn't be AI. That's procedural programming stuck in ...
9 votes
7 answers
371 views

If mankind can create artificial life in a machine, when would we define it's death?

Can one actually kill a machine? Not only do we have problems in defining life, we also have problems in defining death. Will this also be true in artificial life and artificial intelligence?
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9 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between search and learning?

I came across an article, The Bitter Truth, via the Two Minute Papers YouTube Channel. Rich Sutton says... One thing that should be learned from the bitter lesson is the great power of general ...
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9 votes
5 answers
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Why isn't ethics more integrated into current AI systems?

I am a PhD student in computer science, and currently creating a state of the art overview in applications done in Machine Ethics (a multidisciplinary field combining philosophy and AI, that looks at ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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How can an AI freely make decisions?

Suppose a deep neural network is created using Keras or Tensorflow. Usually, when you want to make a prediction, the user would invoke model.predict. However, how ...
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8 votes
2 answers
642 views

Can machine learning be used to pass the Turing test?

Can we say that the Turing test aims to develop machines or methods to reach human-level performance in all cognitive tasks and that machine learning is one of these methods that can pass the Turing ...
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7 votes
2 answers
287 views

Are humans intelligent according to the definition of an intelligent agent?

Given the following definition of an intelligent agent (taken from a Wikipedia article) If an agent acts so as to maximize the expected value of a performance measure based on past experience and ...
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1 answer
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Could an AI be killed in an infinite loop?

Currently, we use control flow statements (such as loops) to program the artificially intelligent systems. Could an AI be killed in an infinite loop (created by itself, for example, while manipulating ...
6 votes
5 answers
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Is there a limit to the increase of intelligence?

Some argue that humans are somewhere along the middle of the intelligence spectrum, some say that we are only at the very beginning of the spectrum and there's so much more potential ahead. Is there ...
5 votes
3 answers
258 views

Can we destroy an artificial general intelligence without its consent?

According to Wikipedia Artificial general intelligence(AGI) Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the intelligence of a (hypothetical) machine that could successfully perform any ...
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2 answers
297 views

Can an AGI convince another AGI to modify its code?

Let's suppose there are two AGIs, $A$ and $B$. Assume that $B$ has the ability to modify $A$, but this action of modifying is considered bad by $B$. Can $A$ ever convince $B$ to modify $A$?
4 votes
1 answer
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Could artificial intelligence cause problems for humanity after figuring out human behavior?

This BBC article suggests that intelligent algorithms, like those that select news stories and advertisements for display, could control our experience of the world and manipulate us. Will Artificial ...
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4 votes
7 answers
525 views

Why are we asking "How can we simulate the brain?"

As I've thought about AI, and what I understand of the problems that we face in the creation of it, I've noticed a recurring pattern: we always seem to be asking ourselves, "how can we better ...
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4 votes
3 answers
263 views

Shouldn't Gödel's incompleteness theorems disprove the physical symbol system hypothesis?

According to the Wikipedia page of the physical symbol system hypothesis (PSSH), this hypothesis seems to be a vividly debated topic in philosophy of AI. But, since it's about formal systems, shouldn'...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?

Some people say that abstract thinking, intuition, common sense, and understanding cause and effect are important to make AGI. How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?
3 votes
2 answers
487 views

Would an artificial general intelligence have to be Turing complete?

For the purposes of this question, let's suppose that an artificial general intelligence (AGI) is defined as a machine that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can [1]. ...
2 votes
1 answer
105 views

How do we create a good agent that does not outperform humans?

A lot of research has been done to create the optimal (or "smartest") RL agent, using methods such as A2C. An agent can now beat humans at playing Go, Chess, Poker, Atari Games, DOTA, etc. But I think ...
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1 vote
2 answers
250 views

What is chaotic behavior and how it is achieved in non-linear regression and artificial networks?

I'm finding it hard to understand the relationship between chaotic behavior, the human brain, and artificial networks. There are a number of explanations on the web, but it would be very helpful if I ...
1 vote
2 answers
518 views

How can an AI agent tackle through existential crisis?

Suppose a thinking AI agent exists in the future with far more computational power than the human brain. Also assume that they are completely free from any human interference. (The agents do not ...
1 vote
1 answer
601 views

Are mathematical models sufficient to create general artificial intelligence?

Are mathematical models sufficient to create general artificial intelligence? I am not sure if it is possible to represent e.g. emotions or intuition using mathematical model. Do we need a new ...
0 votes
1 answer
112 views

Isn't evolutionary theory the essence of intelligence after all? [closed]

The theory of evolution seems to be intelligent as it creates life The mechanism of evolutionary theory consists of mutation, recombination, and natural selection like a genetic algorithm. Isn't this ...
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2 answers
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Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...
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