Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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27
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7answers
4k views

What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example, people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
12
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10answers
2k views

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming humans had finally developed the first humanoid AI based on the human brain, would It feel emotions? If not, would it still have ethics and/or morals?
11
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3answers
822 views

What is wrong with the idea that the AI will be capable of omniscience?

In the context of artificial intelligence, the singularity refers to the advent of an artificial general intelligence capable of recursive self-improvement, leading to the rapid emergence of ...
98
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14answers
6k views

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events: ...
8
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3answers
768 views

Can an AI learn to suffer?

I had first this question in mind "Can an AI suffer?". Suffering is important for human beings. Imagine that you are damaging your heel. Without pain, you will continue to harm it. Same for an AI. But ...
1
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4answers
409 views

Can a brain be intelligent without a body? [duplicate]

The dialog context Turing proposed at the end of the description of his famous test, "Will the interrogator decide wrongly as often when the game is played like this as he does when the game is ...
170
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12answers
47k views

Could a paradox kill an AI?

In Portal 2 we see that AI's can be "killed" by thinking about a paradox. I assume this works by forcing the AI into an infinite loop which would essentially "freeze" the computer's consciousness. ...
66
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9answers
10k views

Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
11
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5answers
6k views

Why do we need common sense in AI?

Let's consider this example: It's John's birthday, let's buy him a kite. We humans most likely would say the kite is a birthday gift, if asked why it's being bought; and we refer to this reasoning ...
20
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3answers
6k views

Why can't OCR be perceived as a good example of AI?

On the Wikipedia page about AI, we can read: Optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of "artificial intelligence" having become a routine technology. On the other hand, ...
13
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3answers
1k views

What are some implications of Gödel's theorems on AI research?

Note: My experience with Gödel's theorem is quite limited: I have read Gödel Escher Bach; skimmed the 1st half of Introduction to Godel's Theorem (by Peter Smith); and some random stuff here and there ...
14
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2answers
609 views

How important is consciousness for making advanced artificial intelligence?

How important is consciousness and self-consciousness for making advanced AIs? How far away are we from making such? When making e.g. a neural network there's (very probably) no consciousness within ...
11
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3answers
672 views

Why teaching only search algorithms in a short introductory AI course?

I understood that the concept of search is important in AI. There's a question on this website regarding this topic, but one could also intuitively understand why. I've had an introductory course on ...
9
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3answers
617 views

Could an AI be sentient?

In theory, could an AI become sentient, as in learning and becoming self-aware, all from its source code?
5
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3answers
153 views

Can an artificial intelligence suffer?

As a piece of computer code, it's tempting to think that artificially intelligent systems can't have feelings. So, can an artificial intelligence suffer?
37
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4answers
1k views

What is the concept of the technological singularity?

I've heard the idea of the technological singularity, what is it and how does it relate to Artificial Intelligence? Is this the theoretical point where Artificial Intelligence machines have progressed ...
25
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4answers
5k views

What are the current theories on the development of a conscious AI?

What are the current theories on the development of a conscious AI? Is anyone even trying to develop a conscious AI? Is it possible that consciousness is an emergent phenomenon, that is, once we put ...
53
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13answers
10k views

How could artificial intelligence harm us?

We often hear that artificial intelligence may harm or even kill humans, so it might prove dangerous. How could artificial intelligence harm us?
14
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7answers
1k views

Is consciousness necessary for any AI task?

Consciousness is challenging to define, but for this question let's define it as "actually experiencing sensory input as opposed to just putting a bunch of data through an inanimate machine." Humans, ...
16
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4answers
561 views

How to reinvent jobs replaced by AI?

In general, what possibilities are there for reinventing job descriptions that could be replaced by an automated AI solution? My initial ideas include: Monitoring the AI and flagging its incorrect ...
8
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1answer
858 views

Why is reinforcement learning not the answer to AGI?

I previously asked a question about How can an AI freely make decisions?. I got a great answer about how current algorithms lack agency. The first thing I thought of was reinforcement learning, since ...
11
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5answers
3k views

Is there a rigorous proof that AGI is possible, at least, in theory?

It is often implicitly assumed in computer science that the human mind, or at least some mechanical calculations that humans perform (see the Church-Turing thesis), can be replicated with a Turing ...
9
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5answers
291 views

Why isn't ethics more integrated into current AI systems?

I am a PhD student in computer science, and currently creating a state of the art overview in applications done in Machine Ethics (a multidisciplinary field combining philosophy and AI, that looks at ...
5
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7answers
2k views

What are the most instructive movies about artificial intelligence?

The field of AI has expanded profoundly in recent years, as has public awareness and interest. This includes the arts, where fiction about AI has been popular since at least Isaac Asimov. Films on ...
12
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4answers
550 views

Is the singularity something to be taken seriously?

The term Singularity is often used in mainstream media for describing visionary technology. It was introduced by Ray Kurzweil in a popular book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (...
6
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3answers
384 views

Could artificial intelligence cause problems for humanity after figuring out human behavior?

This BBC article suggests that intelligent algorithms, like those that select news stories and advertisements for display, could control our experience of the world and manipulate us. Will Artificial ...
11
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5answers
6k views

Is a genetic algorithm an example of artificial intelligence?

Since human intelligence presumably is a function of a natural genetic algorithm in nature, is using a genetic algorithm in a computer an example of artificial intelligence? If not, how do they differ?...
9
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7answers
352 views

If mankind can create artificial life in a machine, when would we define it's death?

Can one actually kill a machine? Not only do we have problems in defining life, we also have problems in defining death. Will this also be true in artificial life and artificial intelligence?
8
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3answers
2k views

How can an AI freely make decisions?

Suppose a deep neural network is created using Keras or Tensorflow. Usually, when you want to make a prediction, the user would invoke model.predict. However, how ...
7
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2answers
240 views

Are humans intelligent according to the definition of an intelligent agent?

Given the following definition of an intelligent agent (taken from a Wikipedia article) If an agent acts so as to maximize the expected value of a performance measure based on past experience and ...
7
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5answers
574 views

Is there a limit to the increase of intelligence?

Some argue that humans are somewhere along the middle of the intelligence spectrum, some say that we are only at the very beginning of the spectrum and there's so much more potential ahead. Is there ...
7
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2answers
236 views

Why is creating an AI that can code a hard task?

For people who have experience in the field, why is creating AI that has the ability to write programs (that are syntactically correct and useful) a hard task? What are the barriers/problems we have ...
5
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3answers
531 views

Is randomness necessary for AI?

Is randomness (either true randomness or simulated randomness) necessary for AI? If true, does it mean "intelligence comes from randomness"? If not, can a robot lacking the ability to generate random ...
5
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2answers
267 views

Can an AGI convince another AGI to modify its code?

Let's suppose there are two AGIs, $A$ and $B$. Assume that $B$ has the ability to modify $A$, but this action of modifying is considered bad by $B$. Can $A$ ever convince $B$ to modify $A$?
4
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3answers
165 views

Shouldn't Gödel's incompleteness theorems disprove the physical symbol system hypothesis?

According to the Wikipedia page of the physical symbol system hypothesis (PSSH), this hypothesis seems to be a vividly debated topic in philosophy of AI. But, since it's about formal systems, shouldn'...
4
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1answer
92 views

How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?

Some people say that abstract thinking, intuition, common sense, and understanding cause and effect are important to make AGI. How important is learning to learn for the development of AGI?
3
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3answers
315 views

Do Gödel's theorems imply that intelligence systems may end up in some undecidable situation (that may make them take a wrong decision)? [closed]

So far I understand - I know very little on the topic - the core of AI boils down to design algorithms that shall provide a TRUE/FALSE answer to a given statement. Nevertheless, I am aware of the ...
3
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6answers
425 views

Why are we asking, “How can we simulate the brain?”

As I've thought about AI, and what I understand of the problems that we face in the creation of it, I've noticed a recurring pattern: we always seem to be asking ourselves, "how can we better simulate ...
8
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2answers
445 views

Can machine learning be used to pass the Turing test?

Can we say that the Turing test aims to develop machines or methods to reach human-level performance in all cognitive tasks and that machine learning is one of these methods that can pass the Turing ...
5
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2answers
187 views

Can we destroy an artificial general intelligence without its consent?

According to Wikipedia Artificial general intelligence(AGI) Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the intelligence of a (hypothetical) machine that could successfully perform any ...
4
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2answers
169 views

Will an AI ever understand its own functionality?

Assuming I have a quite advanced AI with consciousness which can understand the basics of electronics and software structures. Will it ever be able to understand that its consciousness is just some ...
2
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2answers
210 views

What is chaotic behavior and how it is achieved in non-linear regression and artificial networks?

I'm finding it hard to understand the relationship between chaotic behavior, the human brain, and artificial networks. There are a number of explanations on the web, but it would be very helpful if I ...
2
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2answers
194 views

Would an artificial general intelligence have to be Turing complete?

Artificial general intelligence is the intelligence of a machine that could successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can. Would an artificial general intelligence have to be ...
2
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1answer
93 views

How do we create a good agent that does not outperform humans?

A lot of research has been done to create the optimal (or "smartest") RL agent, using methods such as A2C. An agent can now beat humans at playing Go, Chess, Poker, Atari Games, DOTA, etc. But I think ...
0
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2answers
235 views

Will AI always depend on models and thus approximations?

In section 3 of the paper The Limits of Correctness (1985) Brian Cantwell Smith writes When you design and build a computer system, you first formulate a model of the problem you want it to solve, ...