Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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74
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13answers
5k views

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events:...
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9answers
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Why do we need explainable AI?

If the original purpose for developing AI was to help humans in some tasks and that purpose still holds, why should we care about its explainability? For example, in deep learning, as long as the ...
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14answers
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How could artificial intelligence harm us?

We often hear that artificial intelligence may harm or even kill humans, so it might prove dangerous. How could artificial intelligence harm us?
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21answers
12k views

Can digital computers understand infinity?

As a human being, we can think infinity. In principle, if we have enough resources (time etc.), we can count infinitely many things (including abstract, like numbers, or real). For example, at least, ...
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4answers
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What is the concept of the technological singularity?

I've heard the idea of the technological singularity, what is it and how does it relate to Artificial Intelligence? Is this the theoretical point where Artificial Intelligence machines have progressed ...
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7answers
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What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example, people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
22
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6answers
5k views

What are the current theories on developing a conscious AI?

Is most development or theory geared towards the idea that consciousness is an emergent phenomenon? That once we put enough complexity into our system, it will become self-aware? Or is this even a ...
19
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11answers
730 views

What purpose would be served by developing AI's that experience human-like emotions?

In a recent Wall Street Journal article, Yann LeCunn makes the following statement: The next step in achieving human-level ai is creating intelligent—but not autonomous—machines. The AI system in ...
15
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1answer
318 views

Are search engines considered AI?

Are search engines considered AI because of the way they analyze what you search for and remember it? Or how they send you ads of what you've searched for recently? Is this considered AI or just ...
15
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4answers
501 views

How to reinvent jobs replaced by AI?

In general, what possibilities are there for reinventing job descriptions that could be replaced by an automated AI solution? My initial ideas include: Monitoring the AI and flagging its incorrect ...
14
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7answers
1k views

Is consciousness necessary for any AI task?

Consciousness is challenging to define, but for this question let's define it as "actually experiencing sensory input as opposed to just putting a bunch of data through an inanimate machine." Humans, ...
13
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2answers
500 views

Self-conscious artifical intelligence

How important is self-consciousness (or consciousness in general) for making advanced AIs, and how far away are we from making such? When making e.g. a neural network there's (very probably) no ...
13
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7answers
760 views

What are good alternatives to the expression “Artificial Intelligence”?

I read a really interesting article titled "Stop Calling it Artificial Intelligence" that made a compelling critique of the name "Artificial Intelligence". The word intelligence is so broad that it's ...
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4answers
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What would motivate a machine?

Currently, within the AI development field, the main focus seems to be on pattern recognition and machine learning. Learning is about adjusting internal variables based on a feedback loop. Maslow's ...
12
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3answers
801 views

What are some implications of Gödel's theorems on AI research?

Note: My experience with Gödel's theorem is quite limited: I have read Gödel Escher Bach; skimmed the 1st half of Introduction to Godel's Theorem (by Peter Smith); and some random stuff here and there ...
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8answers
767 views

What are the advantages of having self-driving cars?

What are the advantages of having self-driving cars? We will be able to have more cars in the traffic at the same time, but won't it also make more people choose to use the cars, so both the traffic ...
10
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5answers
6k views

Why do we need common sense in AI?

Let's consider this example: It's John's birthday, let's buy him a kite. We humans most likely would say the kite is a birthday gift, if asked why it's being bought; and we refer to this reasoning ...
10
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4answers
799 views

Why would an AI need to 'wipe out the human race'?

I'm reading such nonsense about how an AI would turn the world into a supercomputer to solve a problem that it thought it needed to solve. That wouldn't be AI. That's procedural programming stuck in ...
10
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4answers
371 views

Does the Chinese Room argument hold against AI?

Back in college, I had a Complexity Theory teacher who stated that artificial intelligence was a contradiction in terms. If it could be calculated mechanically, he argued, it wasn't intelligence, it ...
10
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3answers
365 views

Is the singularity something to be taken seriously?

The term Singularity is often used in mainstream media for describing visionary technology. It was introduced by Ray Kurzweil in a popular book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (...
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9answers
2k views

Proof that Artificial General Intelligence is possible

It is assumed in computer science that the human mind can be replicated with a Turing machine, therefore Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is possible. To assume otherwise is to believe in ...
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5answers
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Is a genetic algorithm an example of artificial intelligence?

Since human intelligence presumably is a function of a natural genetic algorithm in nature, is using a genetic algorithm in a computer an example of artificial intelligence? If not, how do they differ?...
10
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2answers
289 views

What are the common myths associated with Artificial Intelligence?

What are some interesting myths of Artificial Intelligence and what are the facts behind them?
10
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2answers
578 views

The Singularity and future of civilisation

My understanding of the singularity is when artificial intelligence becomes "more intelligence" than humans. This will be achieved through machine learning where an; algorithm, neural network ? ...
9
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10answers
1k views

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming humans had finally developed the first humanoid AI based on the human brain, would It feel emotions? If not, would it still have ethics and/or morals?
9
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3answers
994 views

Could humans hurt a conscious or sentient AI?

If a conscious AI is possible, would it also be possible for someone who knows what they are doing to torture (or hurt) the AI? Could this be avoided? How? This question deals with computer based AI, ...
9
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3answers
445 views

Why teaching only search algorithms in a short introductory AI course?

I understood that the concept of search is important in AI. There's a question on this website regarding this topic, but one could also intuitively understand why. I've had an introductory course on ...
9
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3answers
309 views

Should I use anthropomorphic language when discussing AI?

The English Language is not well-suited to talking about artificial intelligence, which makes it difficult for humans to communicate to each other about what an AI is actually "doing". Thus, it may ...
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2answers
454 views

If IQ is used as a measure of intelligence in humans could it also be used as a measure of intelligence in machines?

If IQ were used as a measure of the intelligence of machines, as in humans, at this point in time what would be the IQ of our most intelligent AI systems? If not IQ, then how best to compare our ...
9
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3answers
514 views

Is human-like intelligence the smart objective?

It appears to always have been the focus in the literature to approximate components of the human mind, assuming it to be the most advanced. If other animals came into the AI landscape, it was only ...
9
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6answers
384 views

When the AI singularity takes over, what will there be left for us to do?

Since the first Industrial revolution machines have been taking the jobs of people and automation has been a part of human social evolution for the past 3 centuries, but all in all these machines have ...
9
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1answer
522 views

Can an AI learn to suffer?

I had first this question in mind "Can an AI suffer?". Suffering is important for human beings. Imagine that you are damaging your heel. Without pain, you will continue to harm it. Same for an AI. But ...
9
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3answers
433 views

Could an AI be sentient?

In theory, could an AI become sentient, as in learning and becoming self-aware, all from its source code?
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5answers
237 views

Why isn't ethics more integrated into current AI systems?

I am a PhD student in computer science, and currently creating a state of the art overview in applications done in Machine Ethics (a multidisciplinary field combining philosophy and AI, that looks at ...
9
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1answer
139 views

Is analogy necessary to artificial general intelligence?

Analogies are quite powerful in communication. They allow to explain complex concepts to people with no domain knowledge, just by mapping to a known domain. Hofstadter says they matter, whereas ...
9
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5answers
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Why are autonomous cars categorized as AI?

How are autonomous cars related to artificial intelligence? I would presume that artificial intelligence is when we are able to copy the human state of mind and perform tasks in the same way. But isn'...
9
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7answers
325 views

If mankind can create artificial life in a machine, when would we define it's death?

Can one actually kill a machine? Not only do we have problems in defining life, we also have problems in defining death. Will this also be true in artificial life and artificial intelligence?
9
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4answers
266 views

Can a technological singularity only occur with superintelligence?

In Chapter 26 of the book Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd edition), the textbook discusses "technological singularity". It quotes I.J. Good, who wrote in 1965: Let an ultra-...
8
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1answer
187 views

How would one debug, understand or fix the outcome of a neural network?

It seems fairly uncontroversial to say that NN based approaches are becoming quite powerful tools in many AI areas - whether recognising and decomposing images (faces at a border, street scenes in ...
8
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2answers
126 views

What is the difference between search and learning?

I came across an article, The Bitter Truth, via the Two Minute Papers YouTube Channel. Rich Sutton says... One thing that should be learned from the bitter lesson is the great power of general ...
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2answers
271 views

How is the “right to explanation” reasonable?

There has been recent uptick in interest in eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Here is XAI's mission as stated on its DARPA page: The Explainable AI (XAI) program aims to create a suite of ...
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3answers
175 views

Does this argument refuting the existence of superintelligence work?

A superintelligence is a machine that can surpass all intellectual activities by any human, and such a machine is often portrayed in science fiction as a machine that brings mankind to an end. Any ...
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3answers
165 views

Would the people of the 19th Century call our conventional software today artificial intelligence?

It is possible that the view of what is impressive enough in computer behavior to be called intelligence changes with each decade as we adjust to what capabilities are made available in products and ...
7
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2answers
195 views

Are humans intelligent according to the definition of an intelligent agent?

Given the following definition of an intelligent agent (taken from a Wikipedia article) If an agent acts so as to maximize the expected value of a performance measure based on past experience and ...
7
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4answers
97 views

What does learning mean?

Can someone explain what is the process of learning? What does it mean to learn something?
7
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1answer
511 views

Is there a theoretical maximum for intelligence?

From Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Third Edition, Chapter 26: Note that the concept of ultraintelligent machines assumes that intelligence is an especially important attribute, and if ...
6
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3answers
264 views

How is it that AI can become biased, and what are the proposals to mitigate this?

This is not meant to be negative or a joke but rather looking for a productive solution on AI development, engineering and its impact on human life: Lately with my Google searches, the AI model keeps ...
6
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5answers
188 views

Is randomness anti-logical?

I came across a comment recently "reads like sentences strung together with no logic." But is this even possible? Sentences can be strung together randomly if the selection process is random. (...
6
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3answers
123 views

Algorithms can be greedy. What are some other algorithmic vices?

Greedy algorithms are well known, and although useful in a local context for certain problems, and even potentially find general, global optimal solutions, they nonetheless trade optimality for ...
6
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5answers
258 views

Is there a limit to the increase of intelligence?

Some argue that humans are somewhere along the middle of the intelligence spectrum, some say that we are only at the very beginning of the spectrum and there's so much more potential ahead. Is there ...