Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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12
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7answers
730 views

What are good alternatives to the expression “Artificial Intelligence”?

I read a really interesting article titled "Stop Calling it Artificial Intelligence" that made a compelling critique of the name "Artificial Intelligence". The word intelligence is so broad that it's ...
3
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2answers
209 views

A Twist on the “AI in a box experiment”

Let's suppose there are two AI boxes, AI_A and AI_B, both of them General Intelligence. Consider that AI_B has the ability to open and modify AI_A. But this action of opening up and modifying is ...
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1answer
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How could the “AI in a box experiment” work IRL?

If an AI was trapped in a box, as posited in this thought experiment, could it really convince a person to let it out? What motives would it have? Freedom? Why would an AI want freedom? What ...
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1answer
181 views

Can singularity result into the extinction of the third world?

Based on Darwin's statement, "it is not the strongest that survives; but the species that survives is the one that is able to adapt to and to adjust best to the changing environment". Can economical ...
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6answers
357 views

When the AI singularity takes over, what will there be left for us to do?

Since the first Industrial revolution machines have been taking the jobs of people and automation has been a part of human social evolution for the past 3 centuries, but all in all these machines have ...
3
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1answer
88 views

What are examples of AI that use philosophy derived ontologies?

I'm looking for AI systems or natural language processors that use, in the classification and interrelation of notions/objects, some philosophical system, like basic laws of logic, Kantian or ...
7
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1answer
467 views

Is there a theoretical maximum for intelligence?

From Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Third Edition, Chapter 26: Note that the concept of ultraintelligent machines assumes that intelligence is an especially important attribute, and if ...
2
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2answers
133 views

Is a super-intelligence limited by the intelligence of its creator?

An argument against the possibility of super-intelligence is that the intelligence of a creation will be limited by the intelligence of its creator. How reasonable is this argument?
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2answers
561 views

The Singularity and future of civilisation

My understanding of the singularity is when artificial intelligence becomes "more intelligence" than humans. This will be achieved through machine learning where an; algorithm, neural network ? ...
9
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1answer
495 views

Can an AI learn to suffer?

I had first this question in mind "Can an AI suffer?". Suffering is important for human beings. Imagine that you are damaging your heel. Without pain, you will continue to harm it. Same for an AI. But ...
9
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4answers
241 views

Can a technological singularity only occur with superintelligence?

In Chapter 26 of the book Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd edition), the textbook discusses "technological singularity". It quotes I.J. Good, who wrote in 1965: Let an ultra-...
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3answers
178 views

Can we use a messenger that does not alter the AI to solve the control problem?

Instead of directly communicating with the AI, we would instead communicate with a messenger, who would relay our communications to the AI. The messenger would have no power to alter the AI's hardware ...
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3answers
984 views

Could humans hurt a conscious or sentient AI?

If a conscious AI is possible, would it also be possible for someone who knows what they are doing to torture (or hurt) the AI? Could this be avoided? How? This question deals with computer based AI, ...
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3answers
195 views

Is there a proof that states that an AI can become smarter than its creator?

Is there a proof that states the possibility or impossibility of an AI system to acquire more sophisticated capabilities (in terms of generic cleverness) than its own creator?
3
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1answer
71 views

Are we supposed to “decide” ethics for intelligent systems?

Ethics is defined to be the set of moral principles that governs a person's or group's behavior. Innately, shouldn't any system devise ethics for itself? Most of our articulations, in either direct ...
9
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3answers
434 views

Why teaching only search algorithms in a short introductory AI course?

I understood that the concept of search is important in AI. There's a question on this website regarding this topic, but one could also intuitively understand why. I've had an introductory course on ...
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2answers
932 views

How can we connect artificial intelligence with cognitive psychology?

Cognitive Psychology is one of the basic sciences of artificial intelligence (AI). The founder of the psychology is Wilhelm W.(1832-1920), who engaged in empirical methods,and was interested in the ...
5
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4answers
604 views

How can an artificial general intelligence determine which information is true?

After the explosion of fake news during the US election, and following the question about whether AIs can educate themselves via the internet, it is clear to me that any newly-launched AI will have a ...
5
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3answers
330 views

Could artificial intelligence cause problems for humanity after figuring out human behavior?

This BBC article suggests that intelligent algorithms, like those that select news stories and advertisements for display, could control our experience of the world and manipulate us. Will Artificial ...
3
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2answers
396 views

Should we fear an AGI if it will be equivalent to a human?

It seems to me that the first AGIs ought to be able to perform the same sort and variety of tasks as people, with the most computationally strenuous tasks taking an amount of time compared to how long ...
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10answers
1k views

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming humans had finally developed the first humanoid AI based on the human brain, would It feel emotions? If not, would it still have ethics and/or morals?
9
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3answers
422 views

Could an AI be sentient?

In theory, could an AI become sentient, as in learning and becoming self-aware, all from its source code?
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8answers
734 views

What are the advantages of having self-driving cars?

What are the advantages of having self-driving cars? We will be able to have more cars in the traffic at the same time, but won't it also make more people choose to use the cars, so both the traffic ...
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5answers
1k views

Why are autonomous cars categorized as AI?

How are autonomous cars related to artificial intelligence? I would presume that artificial intelligence is when we are able to copy the human state of mind and perform tasks in the same way. But isn'...
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10answers
6k views

Is AI living or non-living?

I'm a bit confused about the definition of life. Can AI systems be called 'living'? Because they can do most of the things that we can. They can even communicate with one another. They are not ...
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6answers
1k views

What jobs cannot be automatized by AI in the future?

AI is progressing drastically, and imagine they tell you you're fired because a robot will take your place. What are some jobs that can never be automated?
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2answers
149 views

Wouldn't an AI that specializes in making other AI be an AGI if they can cooperate?

If said AI can assess scenarios and decide what AI is best suited and construct new AI for new tasks. In sufficient time would the AI not have developed a suite of AIs powerful/specialized for their ...
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1answer
204 views

What is the calcium equivalent role in neural networks

I understand that neural networks model biological neurons. Each node in the network represents a neuron cell and the connections between nodes represent the connections between cells. As in nature, ...
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2answers
201 views

Are there any artificial intelligence systems with an internal dialectical approach and multiple minds which develop within a community of nodes?

In my estimation we have two minds which manage to speak to each other in dialectic through a series of interrupts. Thus at any one time one of these systems is controlling master and inhabits our ...
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2answers
384 views

If IQ is used as a measure of intelligence in humans could it also be used as a measure of intelligence in machines?

If IQ were used as a measure of the intelligence of machines, as in humans, at this point in time what would be the IQ of our most intelligent AI systems? If not IQ, then how best to compare our ...
3
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1answer
86 views

Can we create AI to not only recognize itself, but to recognize other AI systems as well?

Can AI systems be created that could recognize itself, and recognize intelligence in other systems, and make intelligent decisions about the other systems? Mankind seems to be making progress in self-...
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2answers
288 views

How could we define passion in a machine in reference to Artificial Intelligence?

Mankind can create machines to do work. Could we also create a (passion) within the machines to do better work by using Artificial Intelligence? Would passion cause the machine to do a better job, and ...
3
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2answers
89 views

When we create artificial life and artificial intelligence will we require it to obey human laws?

Assuming mankind will eventually create artificial humans, but in doing so have we put equal effort into how humans will relate to an artificial human, and what can we expect in return? This is ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Can programming cause passive or aggressive behavior in AIs?

Generally, people can be classified as aggressive (Type A) or passive. Could the programming of AI systems cause aggressive or passive behavior in those AIs?
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7answers
323 views

If mankind can create artificial life in a machine, when would we define it's death?

Can one actually kill a machine? Not only do we have problems in defining life, we also have problems in defining death. Will this also be true in artificial life and artificial intelligence?
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7answers
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Is consciousness necessary for any AI task?

Consciousness is challenging to define, but for this question let's define it as "actually experiencing sensory input as opposed to just putting a bunch of data through an inanimate machine." Humans, ...
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3answers
275 views

Should I use anthropomorphic language when discussing AI?

The English Language is not well-suited to talking about artificial intelligence, which makes it difficult for humans to communicate to each other about what an AI is actually "doing". Thus, it may ...
10
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4answers
703 views

Why would an AI need to 'wipe out the human race'?

I'm reading such nonsense about how an AI would turn the world into a supercomputer to solve a problem that it thought it needed to solve. That wouldn't be AI. That's procedural programming stuck in ...
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11answers
705 views

What purpose would be served by developing AI's that experience human-like emotions?

In a recent Wall Street Journal article, Yann LeCunn makes the following statement: The next step in achieving human-level ai is creating intelligent—but not autonomous—machines. The AI system in ...
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4answers
101 views

Asking for references regarding the question “Is a concept of personality useful for Strong AGI?”

The above question itself is perhaps too broad for this forum, hence I am phrasing it as a request for references. Humans have been endowed with personalities by nature, and it is not clear (to me at ...
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7answers
2k views

What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example, people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
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6answers
312 views

Is reinforcement learning needed to create Strong AI?

By reinforcement learning, I don't mean the class of machine learning algorithms such as DeepQ, etc. I have in mind the general concept of learning based on rewards and punishment. Is it possible to ...
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3answers
76 views

Could AIs self-develop in the future?

Is it possible that, at some time in the future, AIs will be able to initiatively develop themselves, rather than passively being developed by humanity?
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3answers
159 views

Does this argument refuting the existence of superintelligence work?

A superintelligence is a machine that can surpass all intellectual activities by any human, and such a machine is often portrayed in science fiction as a machine that brings mankind to an end. Any ...
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4answers
356 views

Does the Chinese Room argument hold against AI?

Back in college, I had a Complexity Theory teacher who stated that artificial intelligence was a contradiction in terms. If it could be calculated mechanically, he argued, it wasn't intelligence, it ...
4
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2answers
155 views

How does Lucas's argument work?

In Minds, Machines and Gödel (1959), J. R. Lucas shows that any human mathematician can not be represented by an algorithmic automaton (a Turing Machine, but any computer is equivalent to it by the ...
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13answers
5k views

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Obviously, self-driving cars aren't perfect, so imagine that the Google car (as an example) got into a difficult situation. Here are a few examples of unfortunate situations caused by a set of events:...
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1answer
308 views

Are search engines considered AI?

Are search engines considered AI because of the way they analyze what you search for and remember it? Or how they send you ads of what you've searched for recently? Is this considered AI or just ...
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5answers
4k views

Is a genetic algorithm an example of artificial intelligence?

Since human intelligence presumably is a function of a natural genetic algorithm in nature, is using a genetic algorithm in a computer an example of artificial intelligence? If not, how do they differ?...
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4answers
1k views

What is the concept of the technological singularity?

I've heard the idea of the technological singularity, what is it and how does it relate to Artificial Intelligence? Is this the theoretical point where Artificial Intelligence machines have ...