Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions related to the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence. Topics such as human/AI value alignment, artificial consciousness, the feasibility of AGI, the ethics of AI, Neo-Luddism, etc.

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How can an AI freely make decisions?

Suppose a deep neural network is created using Keras or Tensorflow. Usually, when you want to make a prediction, the user would invoke model.predict. However, how ...
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Is artificial life really life or not?

I define Artificial Life as a "simulation" or "copy" of life. However, should it be considered a simulation or copy? If one had motivation and money, someone could theoretically ...
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Can an AI learn to suffer?

I had first this question in mind "Can an AI suffer?". Suffering is important for human beings. Imagine that you are damaging your heel. Without pain, you will continue to harm it. Same for an AI. But ...
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Is artificial intelligence really just human intelligence?

Essentially, AI is created by human minds, so is the intelligence & creativity of algorithms properly an extension of human intelligence & creativity, rather than something independent? I ...
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468 views

What prevents us from developing artificial consciousness?

With some knowledge of machine learning and deep learning, it seems very unlikely for AI to develop into the consciousness that we imagine. To me, consciousness requires a new framework that is very ...
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How would one debug, understand or fix the outcome of a neural network?

It seems fairly uncontroversial to say that NN based approaches are becoming quite powerful tools in many AI areas - whether recognising and decomposing images (faces at a border, street scenes in ...
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Are humans intelligent according to the definition of an intelligent agent?

Given the following definition of an intelligent agent (taken from a Wikipedia article) If an agent acts so as to maximize the expected value of a performance measure based on past experience and ...
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503 views

Can machine learning be used to pass the Turing test?

Can we say that the Turing test aims to develop machines or methods to reach human-level performance in all cognitive tasks and that machine learning is one of these methods that can pass the Turing ...
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Is randomness anti-logical?

I came across a comment recently "reads like sentences strung together with no logic." But is this even possible? Sentences can be strung together randomly if the selection process is random. (...
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Would the people of the 19th Century call our conventional software today artificial intelligence?

It is possible that the view of what is impressive enough in computer behavior to be called intelligence changes with each decade as we adjust to what capabilities are made available in products and ...
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Is there a limit to the increase of intelligence?

Some argue that humans are somewhere along the middle of the intelligence spectrum, some say that we are only at the very beginning of the spectrum and there's so much more potential ahead. Is there ...
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360 views

What event would confirm that we have implemented an AGI system?

I was listening to a podcast on the topic of AGI and a guest made an argument that if strong music generation were to happen, it would be a sign of "true" intelligence in machines because of ...
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How can we connect artificial intelligence with cognitive psychology?

On page 62 of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Psychology Applications, Models (2010), Gabriella Daróczy writes Psychology is one of the basic sciences of artificial intelligence (AI). The ...
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Could an AI be killed in an infinite loop?

Currently, we use control flow statements (such as loops) to program the artificially intelligent systems. Could an AI be killed in an infinite loop (created by itself, for example, while manipulating ...
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Could artificial intelligence cause problems for humanity after figuring out human behavior?

This BBC article suggests that intelligent algorithms, like those that select news stories and advertisements for display, could control our experience of the world and manipulate us. Will Artificial ...
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Why is creating an AI that can code a hard task?

For people who have experience in the field, why is creating AI that has the ability to write programs (that are syntactically correct and useful) a hard task? What are the barriers/problems we have ...
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What does learning mean?

Can someone explain what is the process of learning? What does it mean to learn something?
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Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions?

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions? For instance, where there an insufficient number of ventilators during a respiratory pandemic, not every patient can have ...
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147 views

Algorithms can be greedy. What are some other algorithmic vices?

Greedy algorithms are well known, and although useful in a local context for certain problems, and even potentially find general, global optimal solutions, they nonetheless trade optimality for ...
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Perfect play in information incomplete games

As titled, is there such thing as perfect play (or at least "perfectly optimal") in a game with incomplete information? Or at least a proof as to show why there cannot? Naively (and seemingly ...
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How does Lucas's argument work?

In Minds, Machines and Gödel (1959), J. R. Lucas shows that any human mathematician can not be represented by an algorithmic automaton (a Turing Machine, but any computer is equivalent to it by the ...
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How can an artificial general intelligence determine which information is true?

After the explosion of fake news during the US election, and following the question about whether AIs can educate themselves via the internet, it is clear to me that any newly-launched AI will have a ...
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Is there a theoretical maximum for intelligence?

From Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Third Edition, Chapter 26: Note that the concept of ultraintelligent machines assumes that intelligence is an especially important attribute, and if ...
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What are the most instructive movies about artificial intelligence?

The field of AI has expanded profoundly in recent years, as has public awareness and interest. This includes the arts, where fiction about AI has been popular since at least Isaac Asimov. Films on ...
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Does AI rely on determinism?

I don’t believe in free will, but most people do. Although I’m not sure how an act of free will could even be described (let alone replicated), is libertarian freewill something that is considered for ...
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What jobs cannot be automatized by AI in the future?

AI is progressing drastically, and imagine they tell you you're fired because a robot will take your place. What are some jobs that can never be automated?
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Has it been theoretically proven or dis-proven that a machine can generally think and communicate on its own?

I am not looking for proof of AI (too broad, I know) concepts trying to solve a specific business problem, instead for a proof (or dis-proof) or a model (or a source of the same) where a machine is ...
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Can we destroy an artificial general intelligence without its consent?

According to Wikipedia Artificial general intelligence(AGI) Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the intelligence of a (hypothetical) machine that could successfully perform any ...
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Could AI kill the joy of competitive sports and games?

Lee Sedol, former world champion, and legendary Go player today announced his retirement with the quote "Even if I become the No. 1, there is an entity that cannot be defeated". Is it possible that ...
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Is randomness necessary for AI?

Is randomness (either true randomness or simulated randomness) necessary for AI? If true, does it mean "intelligence comes from randomness"? If not, can a robot lacking the ability to generate random ...
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212 views

What is the calcium equivalent role in neural networks

I understand that neural networks model biological neurons. Each node in the network represents a neuron cell and the connections between nodes represent the connections between cells. As in nature, ...
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275 views

Can an AGI convince another AGI to modify its code?

Let's suppose there are two AGIs, $A$ and $B$. Assume that $B$ has the ability to modify $A$, but this action of modifying is considered bad by $B$. Can $A$ ever convince $B$ to modify $A$?
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What AI applications exist to solve sustainability issues?

The Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations describe a normative framework which states what future development until 2030 should strive for. On a more abstract level a basic definition ...
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155 views

Can an artificial intelligence suffer?

As a piece of computer code, it's tempting to think that artificially intelligent systems can't have feelings. So, can an artificial intelligence suffer?
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139 views

Is an algorithm that is no longer actively learning an AI?

This question assumes a definition of AI based on machine learning, and was inspired by this fun Technology Review post: SOURCE: Is this AI? We drew you a flowchart to work it out (Karen Hao, MIT ...
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Is it possible to build an AI that learns humanity, morally?

It is a new era and people are trying to evolve more in science and technology. Artificial Intelligent is one of the ways to achieve this. We have seen lots of examples for AI sequences or a simple "...
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How could we define passion in artificial intelligence?

Mankind can create machines to do work. How could we define passion in artificial intelligence? How could we define a passionate AI? Would passion cause the machine to do a better job? How could we ...
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Why is image recognition a key function of AI?

Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images. Computers can use machine vision technologies in ...
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Will artificial intelligence make the human more rational?

With so much innovation, with so much previous human manual labor being performed in minutes or seconds by an artificial intelligence, one day man will put the survival and propagation of his species ...
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487 views

Is reinforcement learning needed to create Strong AI?

By reinforcement learning, I don't mean the class of machine learning algorithms such as DeepQ, etc. I have in mind the general concept of learning based on rewards and punishment. Is it possible to ...
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Is a mathematical formula a form of intelligence?

Warning: This question takes us into VALIS territory, but I wouldn't underestimate the profundity of that particular philosopher. There is a non-AI definition of intelligence which is simply "...
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Do genetic algorithms and neural networks really think?

I'm aware of those AI systems that can play games and neural networks that can identify pictures. But are they really thinking? Do they think like humans? Do they have consciousness? Or are they just ...
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Will we be able to build an artificial intelligence that feels empathy?

Nowadays, robots or artificial agents often only perform the specific task they have been programmed to do. Will we be able to build an artificial intelligence that feels empathy, that understands ...
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Why isn't conditional probability sufficient to describe causality?

I read these comments from Judea Pearl saying we don't have causality, physical equations are symmetric, etc. But the conditional probability is clearly not symmetric and captures directed ...
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Will an AI ever understand its own functionality?

Assuming I have a quite advanced AI with consciousness which can understand the basics of electronics and software structures. Will it ever be able to understand that its consciousness is just some ...
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180 views

Shouldn't Gödel's incompleteness theorems disprove the physical symbol system hypothesis?

According to the Wikipedia page of the physical symbol system hypothesis (PSSH), this hypothesis seems to be a vividly debated topic in philosophy of AI. But, since it's about formal systems, shouldn'...
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Why is the Chinese Room argument such a big deal?

I've been re-reading the Wikipedia article on the Chinese Room argument and I'm... actually quite unimpressed by it. It seems to me to be largely a semantic issue involving the conflation of various ...
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What does 'democratizing AI' exactly mean?

In my AI literature research, I often notice authors use term 'democratizing AI', especially in the AutoML area. I think I have an idea of what this means, but I would like to ask you for some more ...
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Can a computer conclude following philosophical concepts from a story?

Say you have to enter a story to a computer. Now the computer has to identify the philosophical concept on which the story is based, say: Was it a "self-fulfilling prophecy"? Was it an example of "...
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747 views

Are Rationality and Intelligence distinct?

This just popped into my head, and I haven't thought it through, but it feels like a sound question. The definition of intelligence might still be somewhat fuzzy, possibly a factor of our evolving ...