For questions related to reinforcement learning algorithms often referred to as "policy gradients" (or "policy gradient algorithms"), which attempt to directly optimise a parameterised policy (without first attempting to estimate value functions) using gradients of an objective function with respect to the policy's parameters.

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### Reinforcement Learning on quantum circuit

I am trying to teach an agent to make any random 1-qubit state reach uniform superposition. So basically, the full circuit will be ...
39 views

### What could be the cause of the drop in the reward in A3C?

The mean episodic reward is generally increasing, but it has spontaneous drops, and I'm not sure of their cause. The problem has a sparse reward, batch size=2000, <...
129 views

### Policy gradient methods for continuous action space

I have a problem I would like to tackle with RL but I am not sure if it is even doable. My agent has to figure out how to fill a very large vector (let's say from 600 to 4000 in the most complex ...
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### Is the negative of the policy loss function in a simple policy gradient algorithm an estimator of expected returns?

Let $$\nabla_\theta J(\pi_\theta) = \mathbb{E}_{\tau \sim \pi_\theta} \left[ \sum_{t = 0}^T \nabla_\theta \log \pi_\theta (a_t|s_t) R(\tau) \right]$$ be the expanded expression for a simple policy ...
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### PPO: action std or entropy for exploration?

When trying to implement my own PPO (Proximal Policy Optimizer), I came accross two different implementations : Exploration with action std : Collect trajectories on ...
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### How does the TRPO surrogate loss account for the error in the policy?

In the Trust Region Policy Optimization (TRPO) paper, on page 10, it is stated An informal overview is as follows. Our proof relies on the notion of coupling, where we jointly define the ...
82 views

### Can I use deterministic policy gradient methods for stochastic policy learning?

Can I treat a stochastic policy (over a finite action space of size $n$) as a deterministic policy (in the set of probability distribution in $\mathbb{R}^n$)? It seems to me that nothing is broken ...
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### How to include exploration in Gaussian policy

When dealing with continuous action spaces, a common choice when designing a policy in policy gradient methods is to learn mean and variance of actions for a specific state and then simply sample from ...
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### How to set the multiple continuous actions with constraints

I want to build a Deep Reinforcement Learning Model for Asset allocation. Background: I have 7 stock indexes from different markets, and I want to build a policy to produce the action (likes whether ...
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### What is the complexity of policy gradient algorithms compared to discrete action space algorithms?

I am using a policy gradient algorithm (actor-critic) for wireless networks. The policy gradient-based algorithm helps because it considers continuous action space. But how much does a policy ...
124 views

### Policy gradient loss for neural network training

Say i want to train a neural network with 10 classes as outputs and use categorical_cross_entropy as a loss function in keras. This will try to fit the training ...
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### Impact of Varying Length Trajectories on Policy Gradient Optimization

As the question states, I am wondering how, if at all, a varying length of a trajectory (series of state,action pairs) will impact training/performance of policy gradient algorithms such as PPO, TRPO ...
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### Should I consider mean or sampled value for action selection in ppo algorithm?

When considering the policy network in PPO algorithm, we need to fit a Gaussian distribution to the neural network output (for a continuous action space problem). When I use this network to obtain ...
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### Deciding std. deviation for policy network output?

When I try to fit a Normal Distribution to the output of a policy network, for a continuous action space problem, what should be its standard deviation? mean for the distribution will directly be the ...
64 views

### Understanding policy update in PPO2

I have a question regarding the functionality of the PPO2 algorithm together with the Stable Baselines implementation: From the original paper I know that the policy parameters $\theta$ are updated K-...
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### Encoding real valued inputs

UPDATE: After reading more about the topic, I've tried implementing the DDPG algorithm instead of using a variation of Q-Learning and still have the same issue. I have the following issue: I want ...
284 views

### Reinforcement learning with PPO: rewards decreasing

I'm trying to train a PPO agent and my average rewards graph looks like this. Could this indicate that it's stuck at a local maximum? Do I need to promote exploring by increasing the entropy or does ...