# Questions tagged [probability]

For question involving probability as related to AI methods. (This tag is for general usage. Feel free to utilize in conjunction with the "math" and more specific probability tags.)

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### Formulation of a Markov Decision Process Problem

Given a list of $N$ questions. If question $i$ is answered correctly (given probability $p_i$), we receive reward $R_i$; if not the quiz terminates. Find the optimal order of questions to maximize ...
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### How can we prove this inequality, related to the generalization error, without using the Rademacher complexity?

This is an inequality on page 36 of the book Foundations of Machine Learning, but the author only states it without proof.  \mathbb{P}\left[\left|R(h)-\widehat{R}_{S}(h)\right|>\epsilon\right] \...
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### How to translate machine probability output into visual representation

If a machine prediction score is built over a list of features that has a probability 0 to 1. Each of those features can be either positive or negative contributors. We’re visualization that in the UI ...
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### Neural network seems to just figure out the probability of a specific result

I am really new to neural networks, so i was following along with a video series, created by '3blue1brown' on youtube. I created an implementation of the network he explained in c++. I am attempting ...
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### Can anyone explain the pixelwise accuracy metric used in this paper? Also a question to the KL Divergence Loss

So I am making a project based on this paper: https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1901/1901.07761.pdf In this paper, a U-Net is used to generate optimized mechanical structures. I am trying to ...
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### Is there an algorithm for “contextual recognition” with probabilities?

Example 1 An object is composed of 3 sub-objects. Object 1: 90% looks like an eye 10% looks like a wheel Object 2: 50% looks like an eye 50% looks like a wheel Object 3: 90% looks like a mouth 10% ...
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### What to do when PDFs are not Gaussian/Normal in Naive Bayes Classifier

While analyzing the data for a given problem set, I came across a few distributions which are not Gaussian in nature. They are not even uniform or Gamma distributions(so that I can write a function, ...
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### Unique game problem (ML, DP, PP etc)

Looking for a solution to my below game problem. I believe it to require some sort of reinforcement learning, dynamic programming, or probabilistic programming solution, but am unsure... This is my ...
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### How to use SLAM on other sensor other than camera?

I have a sensor that reads electromagnetic field strength from each position. And the field is stable and unique for each position. So the reading is simply a function of the position like this: <...
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### Predicting probabilities of events using neural networks

I've got a few thousands of sequences like 1.23, 2.15. 3.19, 4.30, 5.24, 6.22 where the numbers denote times on which an event happened (there's just a single ...