Questions tagged [reference-request]

Use when requesting examples of research or research papers, books, articles, blog posts or courses. For example, "Is there any published research about X?" or "What are good examples of Y in research?".

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53
votes
11answers
10k views

What are some well-known problems where neural networks don't do very well?

Background: It's well-known that neural networks offer great performance across a large number of tasks, and this is largely a consequence of their universal approximation capabilities. However, in ...
29
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7answers
7k views

What are examples of promising AI/ML techniques that are computationally intractable?

To produce tangible results in the field of AI/ML, one must take theoretical results under the lens of computational complexity. Indeed, minimax effectively solves any two-person "board game"...
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8answers
4k views

Is there any research on the development of attacks against artificial intelligence systems?

Is there any research on the development of attacks against artificial intelligence systems? For example, is there a way to generate a letter "A", which every human being in this world can recognize ...
21
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4answers
6k views

How could we build a neural network that is invariant to permutations of the inputs?

Given a neural network $f$ that takes as input $n$ data points: $x_1, \dots, x_n$. We say $f$ is permutation invariant if $$f(x_1 ... x_n) = f(\sigma(x_1 ... x_n))$$ for any permutation $\sigma$. How ...
17
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3answers
1k views

What are the mathematical prerequisites for an AI researcher?

What are the mathematical prerequisites for understanding the core part of various algorithms involved in artificial intelligence and developing one's own algorithms? Please, refer some specific books....
16
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3answers
5k views

Where can I find the proof of the universal approximation theorem?

The Wikipedia article for the universal approximation theorem cites a version of the universal approximation theorem for Lebesgue-measurable functions from this conference paper. However, the paper ...
16
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2answers
7k views

Any papers regarding different/inconsistent action space in Reinforcement Learning? [closed]

This question is regarding Reinforcement Learning and different/inconsistent action space for every/some states. What do I mean by different/inconsistent action space? Let say you have an MDP where ...
13
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3answers
1k views

Which explainable artificial intelligence techniques are there?

Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) is concerned with the development of techniques that can enhance the interpretability, accountability, and transparency of artificial intelligence and, in ...
13
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3answers
8k views

Where can I find the original paper that introduced RNNs?

I was able to find the original paper on LSTM, but I was not able to find the paper that introduced "vanilla" RNNs. Where can I find it?
13
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2answers
32k views

How can these 7 AI problem characteristics help me decide on an approach to a problem?

If this list1 can be used to classify problems in AI ... Decomposable to smaller or easier problems Solution steps can be ignored or undone Predictable problem universe Good solutions are ...
12
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2answers
187 views

Is there any artificial intelligence that possesses “concentration”?

Humans can do multiple tasks at the same (e.g. reading while listening to music), but we memorize information from less focused sources with worse efficiency than we do from our main focus or task. ...
12
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1answer
5k views

Which approaches could I use to create a simple chatbot using a neural network?

I wanted to start experimenting with neural networks, so I decided to make a chatbot (like Cleverbot, which is not that clever anyway) using them. I looked around for some documentation and I found ...
11
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1answer
304 views

What are the state-of-the-art results on the generalization ability of deep learning methods?

I've read a few classic papers on different architectures of deep CNNs used to solve varied image-related problems. I'm aware there's some paradox in how deep networks generalize well despite ...
10
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1answer
10k views

Are the dialogs at Sophia's (the robot) appearings scripted?

I talk about the robot from: Hanson Robotics, which was granted the right to citizenship from Saudi Arabia. I have found the following articles: Your new friend is a humanoid robot Source: ...
10
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3answers
538 views

Is there an AI model for generating sarcastic sentences?

I am currently working on an Android AI app. I am aware of AI models to generate random sentences. However, is there an AI model for generating sarcastic sentences?
9
votes
1answer
308 views

Can Bayesian inference be combined with knowledge-based systems?

I've been struggling with the connection between knowledge-based AI systems and Bayesian inference for a while now. While I continue to sweep through the literature, I would be happy if someone can ...
8
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3answers
2k views

How can you represent the state and action spaces for a card game in the case of a variable number of cards and actions?

I know how a machine can learn to play Atari games (Breakout): Playing Atari with Reinforcement Learning. With the same technique, it is even possible to play FPS games (Doom): Playing FPS Games with ...
8
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1answer
332 views

What are some resources on continuous state and action spaces MDPs for reinforcement learning?

Most introductions to the field of MDPs and Reinforcement learning focus exclusively on domains where space and action variables are integers (and finite). This way we are introduced quickly to Value ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What are some alternatives to the book “Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach”?

There are two textbooks that I most love and am most afraid of in the world: Introduction to Algorithms by Cormen et al. and Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach by Norvig et al. I have started ...
8
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1answer
118 views

How does Atlas from Boston Dynamics have human-like movement?

Discussing the video More Parkour Atlas, a friend asked how the robot's movement was so similar to the one from a real human and wondering how this is achieved? To my knowledge, this is not something ...
7
votes
3answers
930 views

Is there any research on the application of AI for drug design?

Is there any research on the application of AI for drug design? For example, you could train a deep learning model about current compounds, substances, structures, and their products and chemical ...
7
votes
3answers
285 views

What are some academic AI podcast out there?

I am looking for AI podcasts that are purely academic-oriented that I can use for learning purposes. Thanks for any resource pointers. The AI podcasts I am aware of are (not sure how many of these ...
7
votes
2answers
324 views

Is there an ideal range of learning rate which always gives a good result almost in all problems?

I once read somewhere that there is a range of learning rate within which learning is optimal in almost all the cases, but I can't find any literature about it. All I could get is the following graph ...
7
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1answer
84 views

Medical diagnosis systems based on artificial neural networks

Are there any medical diagnosis systems that are already used somewhere that are based on artificial neural networks?
7
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2answers
2k views

How to write a C decompiler using AI?

I would like to learn more about whether it is possible and how to write a program that decompiles executable binary (an object file) to the C source. I'm not asking exactly 'how', but rather how this ...
7
votes
2answers
400 views

What are the best machine learning models for music composition?

What are the best machine learning models that have been used to compose music? Are there some good research papers (or books) on this topic out there? I would say, if I use a neural network, I would ...
7
votes
2answers
156 views

Measuring Soft Skill

How can we attach numerical value to the measurement of soft skill? Is there any book, site or materials that can teach me how to do this? I want to know if there is any way we can measure soft skill ...
7
votes
3answers
429 views

What types of applications qualify as “compound intelligences”?

A question about swarm intelligence as a potential method of strong general AI came up recently, and yielded some useful answers and clarifications regarding the nature of swarm intelligence. But it ...
6
votes
3answers
153 views

What are some resources with exercises related to neural networks?

I am asking for a book (or any other online resource) where we can solve exercises related to neural networks, similar to the books or online resources dedicated to mathematics where we can solve ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

What evolutionary algorithms are there that model epigenetics?

What evolutionary algorithms are there that model or incorporate some notion of epigenetics? What are the pros/cons of those approaches? Are there vast insufficiencies or wide-open questions about ...
6
votes
5answers
240 views

Examples of single player games that use modern ML techniques in the AI?

Are there any examples of single player games that use modern ML technique in its games? By this I mean AI that plays with or against the human player, and not just play the game by itself (like Atari)...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Effective algorithms for OCR

I am using Google's OCR to extract text from images, like receipts and invoices. Whare examples of techniques used to make sense of the text? For example, I would like to extract the date, name of the ...
6
votes
2answers
416 views

Which machine learning algorithm could I use to break up a poem by lines?

I want to create a network to predict the break up of poetry lines. The program would receive as input an unbroken poem, and would output the poem broken into lines. For example, an unbroken poem ...
6
votes
2answers
194 views

What are examples of resources that describe the basics of Spiking Neural Networks in detail?

I'm very interested in writing a Spiking Neural Network engine (SNN) from scratch, but I can't find the basic information I need to get started. For example, I've seen pictures of the individual ...
6
votes
2answers
901 views

Can neural networks efficiently solve the traveling salesmen problem?

Can neural networks efficiently solve the traveling salesmen problem? Are there any research papers that show that neural networks can solve the TSP efficiently? The TSP is an NP-hard problem, so I ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Can reinforcement learning algorithms be applied to computer vision problems?

Can reinforcement learning algorithms be applied to computer vision problems? If yes, what are some examples of these applications?
6
votes
1answer
108 views

Are there RL techniques to deal with incremental action spaces?

Let's say we have a problem that can be solved by some RL algorithms (DQN, for example, because we have discrete action space). At first, the action space is fixed (the number of actions is $n_1$), ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the available exploration strategies for continuous action space scenarios in RL?

I'm building a deep neural network to serve as the policy estimator in an actor-critic reinforcement learning algorithm for a continuing (not episodic) case. I'm trying to determine how to explore ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Which Rosenblatt's paper describes Rosenblatt's perceptron training algorithm?

I struggle to find Rosenblatt's perceptron training algorithm in any of his publications from 1957 - 1961, namely: Principles of Neurodynamics: Perceptrons and the Theory of Brain Mechanisms The ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I create an artificially intelligent aimbot for a game like CS:GO?

How can I create an artificially intelligent aimbot for a game like Counter-Strike Global Offensive (CS:GO)? I have an initial solution (or approach) in mind. We can train an image recognition model ...
5
votes
3answers
320 views

Does an AI exist that can write software based on a formal specification?

Does an AI exist that can automatically write software based on a formal specification of the software?
5
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2answers
381 views

Can CNNs be made robust to tricks where small changes cause misclassification?

I while ago I read that you can make subtle changes to an image that will ensure a good CNN will horribly misclassify the image. I believe the changes must exploit details of the CNN that will be used ...
5
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3answers
256 views

How is neural architecture search performed?

I have come across something that IBM offers called neural Architecture search. You feed it a data set and it outputs an initial neural Architecture that you can train. How is neural architecture ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

What are the techniques for detecting and preventing overfitting?

I'm worrying that my neural network has become too complex. I don't want to end up with half of the neural network doing nothing but just take up space and resources. So, what are the techniques for ...
5
votes
2answers
534 views

What is the proof that policy evaluation converges to the optimal solution?

Although I know how the algorithm of iterative policy evaluation using dynamic programming works, I am having a hard time realizing how it actually converges. It appeals to intuition that, with each ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

What AI applications exist to solve sustainability issues?

The Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations describe a normative framework which states what future development until 2030 should strive for. On a more abstract level a basic definition ...
5
votes
2answers
79 views

Which linear algebra book should I read to understand vectorized operations?

I am reading Goodfellow's book about neural networks, but I am stuck in the mathematical calculus of the back-propagation algorithm. I understood the principle, and some Youtube videos explaining this ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

What does “hard for AI” look like?

In theoretical computer science, there is a massive categorization of the difficulty of various computational problems in terms of their asymptotic worst-time computational complexity. There doesn't ...
5
votes
2answers
336 views

Do genetic algorithms also evolve?

After witnessing the rise of deep learning as automatic feature/pattern recognition over classic machine learning techniques, I had an insight that the more you automate at each level, the better the ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Is the expert system still in use today?

In my country, the Expert System class is mandatory, if you want to take the AI specialization in most universities. In class, I learned how to make a rule-based system, forward chaining, backward ...

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