For questions related to stochastic gradient descent (SGD), which is stochastic gradient descent that uses stochastic (or noisy) gradients.

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### How does SGD escape local minima?

SGD is able to jump out of local minima that would otherwise trap BGD I don't really understand the above statement. Could someone please provide a mathematical explanation for why SGD (Stochastic ...
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### Methodologies for passing the best samples for a neural network to learn

Just an idea I am sure I read in a book some time ago, but I can't remember the name. Given a very large dataset and a neural network (or anything that can learn via something like stochastic gradient ...
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1 vote
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### Why do momentum techniques not work well for RNNs?

AFAIK, momentum is quite useful when training CNNs, and can speed-up the training substantially without any drop in validation accuracy. I've recently learned that it is not as helpful for RNNs, where ...
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1 vote
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### Why is the sample size of stochastic gradient descent a power of 2?

I watched the video lecture of cs224: Stanford CS224N: NLP with Deep Learning | Winter 2019 | Lecture 2 – Word Vectors and Word Senses. They take the sample size of the window to be $2^5 = 32$ or \$2^6 ...
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1 vote
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### How does batch size affect model size?

I'm suffering from a significant brain fart while trying to get my head around how does batch size affect overall model size e.g for CNNs. Does it serve as an additional dimension for all the weight ...
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### Why to use gradient accumulation?

I know that gradient accumulation is (1) a way to reduce memory usage while still enabling the machine to fit a large dataset (2) reducing the noise of the gradient compared to SGD, and thus smoothing ...
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