Questions tagged [symbolic-ai]

For questions related to symbolic artificial intelligence, which is also known as good old-fashioned artificial intelligence (GOFAI), which is an expression coined by John Haugeland in his 1985 book "Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea".

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3answers
99 views

How to calculate the optimal placements for settlements in Catan without an ML algorithm?

Is it possible to calculate the best possible placements for settlements in Catan without using an ML algorithm? While it is trivial to simply add up the numbers surrounding the settlement (highest ...
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1answer
28 views

Is the “symbol grounding” problem about building a physics engine?

In the past, most reinforcement learning agents were developed to solve existing domains. At first, a game was given, for example the snake game, and after a bit of training, the neural network was ...
3
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1answer
43 views

Is it possible to do K-nearest-neighbours before training DNN

The following X-shape alternated pattern can be separated quite well and super fast by K-nearest Neighbour algorithm (go to http://ml-playground.com to test it): However, DNN seems to face great ...
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0answers
25 views

Developmental systems that try to explain or understand the reward value in the reinforcement learning?

Are there methods (possibly logical or (how they are called in the literature) relational) that allows for the developmental systems to understand or explain the value of the received reward during ...
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0answers
18 views

Does behavior based robotics have a grounding problem?

Rodney brooks had invented behavior based robotics in the 1980s in response to the former symbolic AI which is using a world model. A world model needs symbolic grounding which means, that the outside ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Are modern clones of the NSS-chess program available?

In the late 1950s, Allen Newell and Herbert Simon have implemented a practical example for the general problem solver in the domain of computer chess. The project was called NSS chess (Newell, Simon, ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Is explainable AI more feasible through symbolic AI or soft computing?

Is explainable AI more feasible through symbolic AI or soft computing? How much each paradigm, symbolic AI and soft computing (or hydrid approaches), adresses explanation and argumentation, where ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Is there any AI system for finding the best way to schedule university classes?

I was wondering whether there is an AI system which could be used to resolve the class clashes problem which mostly happens in universities. In almost every university students face this problem, ...
3
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3answers
91 views

Shouldn't Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems disprove the Physical symbol system hypothesis?

According to the Wikipedia page of the PSSH, this hypothesis seems to be a vividly debated topic in Philosophy of AI. But, since it's about formal systems, shouldn't it be already disproven by Gödel's ...
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0answers
44 views

Examples of strong symbolic AI for unsolved, non-trivial combinatorial games?

Looking primarily for research papers, but any info or insights on this subject are welcome. Strength does not have to exceed that of the best human player (such as Kasparov), just skilled human ...
4
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1answer
103 views

Methodology bias in AI textbooks

Let me compare two textbooks: (1) "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach" by Stuart J. Russell and Peter Norvig and (2) "Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem ...
5
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1answer
217 views

What are the differences in scope between statistical AI and classical AI?

What are the differences in scope between statistical AI and classical AI? Real-world examples would be appreciated.
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1answer
124 views

Historical weakness of GOFAI in relation to partisan combinatorial games?

I was recently perusing the paper Some Studies in Machine Learning Using the Game of Checkers II--Recent Progress (A.L. Samuel, 1967), which is interesting historically. I was looking at this figure, ...
4
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3answers
197 views

What kinds of problems can AI solve without using a deep neural network?

A lot of questions on this site seem to be asking "can I use X to solve Y?", where X is usually a deep neural network, and Y is often something already addressed by other areas of AI that are less ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What are the types of artificial intelligence and how are they measured?

I was reading an interesting book about the role of AI in Cybersecurity, and the author mentioned there being 3-4 types. Each one is dependent on its abilities and understanding. For example, a ‘...
3
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1answer
278 views

What are some interesting recent papers that synthesize symbolic AI with Deep Learning?

A lot of people seem to be under the impression that combining GOFAI and contemporary AI will make models more general. I'm particularly interested in reasoning through analogy or case-based reasoning....
6
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2answers
554 views

Is anybody still researching GOFAI?

A lot of textbooks and introductory lectures typically split AI into connectionism and GOFAI (Good Old Fashioned AI). From a purely technical perspective it seems that connectionism has grown into ...
2
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1answer
168 views

How can thought vectors be used outside of an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) context?

We hear a lot today about how thought vectors are the Next Big Thing in AI, and how they serve as the underlying representation of thought/knowledge in ANN's. But how can one use thought vectors in ...
10
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1answer
351 views

What kind of body (if any) does intelligence require?

In the mid 1980s, Rodney Brooks famously created the foundations of "the new AI". The central claim was that the symbolist approach of 'Good Old Fashioned AI' (GOFAI) had failed by attempting to '...
3
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1answer
244 views

In what ways can connectionist A.I. be integrated with GOFAI?

In what ways can connectionist artificial intelligence (neural networks) be integrated with Good Old-Fashioned A.I. (GOFAI)? For instance, how could deep neural networks be integrated with knowledge ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Can rule induction be considered a way to “hybridize” probabilistic / statistical approaches and symbolic approaches?

In years past, GOFAI (Good Old Fashioned AI) was heavily based on "rules" and symbolic computation based on rules. Unfortunately, that approach ran into stumbling blocks, and the world moved heavily ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What are some examples of Classical AI?

I believe that Classical AI uses deductive thought processes. For example, given as a set of constraints, deduce a conclusion. What are some examples of successfully applying Classical AI to real ...