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Questions tagged [weights]

For questions about the concept of weight (or parameter) of a machine learning model, such as a neural network or a linear regression model.

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Is it possible to apply transfer learning between Temporal Fusion Transformer and sequential architecture LSTM and GRU

If TFT is a pretrained model, is it possible to transfer the weights to sequential neural network models like LSTM,BILSTM and GRU.
Santhana Lakshmi's user avatar
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0 answers
14 views

Might use of rational numbers and calculations be beneficial for an ANN?

Rational numbers would help alleviate some gradient issues by not losing precision as the weights and the propagated values (signal) reach extremely low and high values. I'm not aware of any hardware ...
Mark_Sagecy's user avatar
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31 views

Why are rows of Attention Weights in a Hopfield Transformer the same?

I'm working on building a Hopfield Transformer using the github code from the paper (https://github.com/ml-jku/hopfield-layers/tree/master/hflayers) to forecast a timeseries dataset with 48 variables, ...
Ryan Bose-Roy's user avatar
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46 views

Can you illustrate how the weights in transformer model generated from a training sentence can be generalized to an unseen test sentence?

Can you show how the weights in transformer model are generalizable?
Steven's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
4k views

Do neural network weights need to add up to one?

The idea that weights determine how much influence each input value from the current layer will have when calculating the input to the following layer reminds me of when my professors would say that ...
Garrett's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
97 views

Why does averaging attention-weighted positions reduce the effective resolution in transformers?

I was reading this blog post from Harvard and it says in its background paragraph about transformers that the number of operations required to relate signals from two arbitrary input or output ...
Daviiid's user avatar
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1 answer
153 views

What is actually being saved in the file when you save a model? For example a Tensorflow SavedModel file [closed]

I'm building a feature for my application that requires reading the properties of a saved ML model file (after it's trained). However, as I am pretty new to this field, I don't really understand the ...
Ryan Wang's user avatar
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1 answer
103 views

Does it make sense to store information in a variable defined inside a Pytorch nn.Module?

I have a pytorch model (custom model inherited from nn.Module). I'm developing some architecture, for which makes sense for my task to have a list defined in the model as: ...
puradrogasincortar's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
343 views

How is InstructGPT a fine-tuned version of GPT-3 and at the same time has fewer parameters than the original GPT3?

I am reading the paper "Training language models to follow instructions with human feedback" It says: Our labelers provide demonstrations of the desired behavior on the input prompt ...
DanielTheRocketMan's user avatar
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0 answers
19 views

Should we forget last weight update in neural network?

When training a neural network, the general process could be something like this: While error < min_error Forward pass Compute error and cost funcion Back propagation Update weights But when we ...
sjv's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
18 views

Giving Specified Data a Larger Value/Weight in a Model

I'm in the process of creating a model to classify an occupational code based on a job title & description. I have a large sample of labelled data to achieve this. The government has a resource ...
Ryley Keegan's user avatar
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1 answer
88 views

Why the x-input should be multiplied by weight in an artificial neuron?

So why weight should be multiplied with input? Yes I know, weight is intended for tuning the connection strength of input that will affect output so that's will be useful for learning (CMIIW). But why ...
Muhammad Ikhwan Perwira's user avatar
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1 answer
626 views

Is there a way to freeze training for weights, but not biases in PyTorch? [closed]

I'm constructing a neural network where the weights of my first hidden layer (connected to the input) are all 1 (identity matrix), but the biases are variable. Is there a way to "freeze" any ...
Nova's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
135 views

How to calculate the total number of inputs in CNN?

I search this kind of question for a while and I find many discussions involve on counting the number of parameters of a Convolutional Neural Network, but not on the inputs. Using the Fashion MNIST ...
rodericktung's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
41 views

Do NNs suffer from lack of efficiency in network structure and suggesting training parameters?

I am working on dynamical systems using Optimal Control theory and trying to find the connection between this field and Machine Learning. Consider a simple 2-layer Neural Network (NN) where the ...
Mehdi Moghadasian's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
178 views

Why and when do we need to normalize weights in Reinforcement Learning?

I recently came across this SO question, wherein the poster was asked to normalize their weights while using a function approximator with SARSA. I don't remember having to normalize any weights while ...
desert_ranger's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
36 views

What do "large variables" and "small weights" mean in these sentences?

I'm trying to understand these two points from an article: Models with large variables i.e weight matrices. As a consequence such models have correspondingly large gradients and optimizer states. The ...
NRain's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why do neural network weights have to be between 0 and 1?

I've been reading about neural networks for a long time, and I saw that in each one, the weights are always between 0 and 1. Why is this? I tried programming one, but the sigmoid function just seemed ...
Blue Herring's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
593 views

Why doesn't the high precision of neural network weights improve accuracy?

Consider the following paragraph from the subsubsection 3.5.2: A dtype for every occasion chapter named It starts with a tensor from the textbook titled Deep Learning with PyTorch by Eli Stevens et al....
hanugm's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
452 views

Is there any advantage in viewing weights of a neural network as random variables?

In artificial intelligence, especially in machine learning, the inputs and outputs of neurons in a neural network can be viewed as random variables. And this view is highly useful in many ways. The ...
hanugm's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
131 views

How many layers and neurons in a FFNN do I need to make it equivalent to a CNN?

I started to learn machine learning early, and I studied the convolutional neural network and its ability to understand images and how it helps to reduce the number of parameters that need to be tuned....
Mahmoud Kanbar's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
803 views

Not able to understand Pytorch Tensor (Weight & Biases) Size for Linear Regression

Below are the two tensors ...
ZKS's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
14 views

How does the distribution of the parameters change in logistic regression?

I have my own data to train a logistic regression model (for a multi-class classification task), and I want to know how the distribution of weight parameters changes after each update with gradient ...
Seewoo Lee's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
18 views

Are there any recommendations on initialising a single parameter in deep learning?

I want to initialize a parameter, which is a single real number in my model. If you want the role of the parameter in the model, you can assume it as the parameter to multiply with the output of the ...
hanugm's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
283 views

Are there neural networks with (hard) constraints on the weights?

I don't know too much about Deep Learning, so my question might be silly. However, I was wondering whether there are NN architectures with some hard constraints on the weights of some layers. For ...
Onil90's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
82 views

Rank of gradient-of-loss with respect to layer weights in an MLP

The paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.11309, makes the following claim at the end of page 3: The gradient of loss $L$ with respect to weights $W_l$ of an MLP is a rank-1 matrix for each of B batch ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 121
5 votes
1 answer
195 views

In TD(0) with linear function approximation, why is the gradient of $\hat v(S^{\prime}, \mathbf w)$ wrt parameters $\mathbf w$ not considered?

I am reading these slides. On page 38, the update for the parameters for the linear function approximation of TD(0) is given. I have a doubt regarding this. The cost function (RMSE) is given on page ...
A Yoghes's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
175 views

model and trained model parameters on CIFAR-10 [closed]

I'm looking for different models (specifically ResNet18/20, ResNet32/34, VGG16, MobileNet and SqueezeNet) and their parameters after training (i.e., .pth file) that ...
user14092875's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
163 views

Is there a way to update the neural network to fit the new data without the time required for retraining?

I built a basic neural network in MATLAB. The neural network classifies points on the X-Y axis system into two classes (0 and 1). (I try to get the function that represents a shape from this photo) ...
shlomo odem's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
586 views

In mini-batch gradient descent, are the weights updated after each batch or after all the batches have gone through an epoch?

Say I have a mini-batch of size 32, and I have 10 such batches. Assuming I only run it for one epoch (just for the sake of understanding it), Will the weights be updated using the gradients of one ...
Kaustubh Sharma's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
102 views

Correctly input additional values into CNN

I understand that in order to add additional inputs to a CNN, e.g. in self driving, I can append the data to a flattened layer after the convolutions and before the fully connected layers. However, a ...
Benjoyo's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
136 views

Using parameter estimation for training a neural network

Assume that we have 4 layers in a neural network. $$z_1 = L_1(x, W_1)$$ $$z_2 = L_2(z_1, W_2)$$ $$z_3 = L_3(z_2, W_3)$$ $$y = L_1(z_3, W_4)$$ Where $x$ is the vector input, $y$ is the vector output ...
euraad's user avatar
  • 143
8 votes
1 answer
4k views

Is there a proper initialization technique for the weight matrices in multi-head attention?

Self-attention layers have 4 learnable tensors (in the vanilla formulation): Query matrix $W_Q$ Key matrix $W_K$ Value matrix $W_V$ Output matrix $W_O$ Nice illustration from https://jalammar....
spiridon_the_sun_rotator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
75 views

Recursive Least squares (RLS) for mini batch

For my application I am considering a learning problem where I simulate a bunch of episodes say '$n$' first, and than carry out the recursive least squares update. Similar to $TD(1)$. I know that RLS ...
Prakash Gawas's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
93 views

What are the applications in which the precision of the neural network's weights is unimportant?

While reading about Module in PyTorch, I came across a new data type called half datatype. half() method when calls on a Module ...
hanugm's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
72 views

What are the numbers that are useful (may need to be stored) other than parameters of a model?

Consider the following method related to buffers in PyTorch ...
hanugm's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can some of the weights be fixed during the training of a neural network?

Is it possible to exclude specific layers from the optimization? For example, let's say I have an input layer, 2 hidden layers, and the output layer. I know there is a perfect solution for my problem ...
NewToAI2021's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
182 views

Which solutions are there to the problem of having too large activations before the softmax (or sigmoid) layer?

I'm trying to build a neural network (NN) for classification using only N-bit integers for both the activations and weights, then I will train it with some heuristic algorithm, based only on the NN ...
Liuuuuk's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
61 views

Why are weights not initialized with mean=1?

I wonder why weights are initialized with zero-mean. It is one of the reasons, why deep architectures cannot be trained without skip connections. Without the skip connections, the zero initialization ...
spadel's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Which methods for weight initialization in Neural Networks are currently common practice?

I am currently researching the topic of weight initialization methods for (deep) neural networks and I'm a little stuck. The result of my work should be an overview of methods that are currently in ...
Josi M.'s user avatar
  • 11
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is the bias also a "weight" in a neural network?

I'm learning about how neural networks are trained. I understand how a neuron works, backpropagation, and all that. In neurons, there is a clear distinction between a "weight" and a "...
nammerkage's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
146 views

Is this LSTM layer learning anything?

I've trained a CNN-LSTM model but the results weren't satisfactory, so I took a look at my weight distributions and this is what I got: I don't understand. Is this layer learning anything? Or no? ...
Sepehr Golestanian's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
132 views

How to train a neural network with few weights and biases held constant?

I am a beginner in neural networks. I am building a neural network with 3 layers. The input $X$ has 7 features and the output $Y$ is a real number. In the hidden layer, there are two nodes. The bottom ...
xyztg's user avatar
  • 21
5 votes
1 answer
368 views

Why did the developement of neural networks stop between 50s and 80s?

In a video lecture on the development of neural networks and the history of deep learning (you can start from minute 13), the lecturer (Yann LeCunn) said that the development of neural networks ...
Daviiid's user avatar
  • 575
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Does the weight vector form imply feature space curvature?

I came across this sentence when exploring a simple nearest neighbor classifier method using Euclidean distance (link): The slightly odd thing about using the Euclidean distance to compare features ...
Nejc Kejzar's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
456 views

Is there a convention on the order of multiplication of the weights with the inputs in neural nets?

Is there a convention on how the input data and the weights are multiplied? The input data can be anything, including the result from the previous layers. There are two options: Option 1: $$\begin{...
Pluxyy's user avatar
  • 95
4 votes
0 answers
169 views

Why does sigmoid saturation prevent signal flow through the neuron?

As per these slides on page 35: Sigmoids saturate and kill gradients. when the neuron's activation saturates at either tail of 0 or 1, the gradient at these regions is almost zero. the gradient and ...
EEAH's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
143 views

Are there any new weight initialization techniques for DNN published after 2015?

Considering weights initialization in my personal projects, I always used some standard techniques such as: Glorot (also known as Xavier) initialization (2010). Mertens initialization (2010). He ...
Stefano Barone's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

What are acting as weights in a convolution neural network?

Looking at some old notes I took on CNN's and I wrote down that the weights in a CNN are acting like filters in a CNN but to be honest I don't really know what the weights are acting as in a CNN and ...
PlayerUnknown_12's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
85 views

How do we interpret the images of weights in logistic regression

The following images are a) The weights of a logistic regression model trained on MNIST. b) The sign of the weights of a logistic regression How do these images represent the weights? Would be ...
Hrushi's user avatar
  • 159