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23
votes
7answers
2k views

What are the minimum requirements to call something AI?

I believe artificial intelligence (AI) term is overused nowadays. For example, people see that something is self-moving and they call it AI, even if it's on autopilot (like cars or planes) or there is ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

What are the ethical implications of creating (possibly sentient) AI systems? [closed]

As I have been looking at other questions on this site (like this, this, this, and this), I have been thinking more about the ethical implications of creating these generalized AI systems. It seems ...
0
votes
2answers
379 views

Training network to detect spelling mistakes

I would like to know what kind of dataset I need (to prepare) for training the network to recognize the spelling mistakes in individual words for English text. Given the large database of words, ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Is it possible to cheat facial recognition algorithm?

Assuming we're dealing with artificial neural network (e.g. using convnets) which was trained by large dataset of human faces. Are there any known issues or challenges where facial recognition would ...
4
votes
1answer
894 views

Why did AlphaGo lose its Go game?

We can read on wiki page that in March 2016 AlphaGo AI lost its game (1 of 5) to Lee Sedol, a professional Go player. One article cite says: AlphaGo lost a game and we as researchers want to ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

How to deal with huge branching factors in real-time?

Some time ago playing chess was challenging for algorithms, then Go game which is vastly more complex than compared to chess. How about playing RTS game which have enormous branching factors limited ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What are the benefits of the VGDL over the ALE?

For benefits of testing AGI, is using a high-level video game description language (VGDL) gives more reliable and accurate results of general intelligence than using Arcade Learning Environment (ALE)?
6
votes
3answers
581 views

Why did a Tesla car mistake a truck with a bright sky?

Do we know why Tesla's autopilot mistaken empty sky with a high-sided lorry which resulted in fatal crash involving a car in self-drive mode? Was it AI fault or something else? Is there any technical ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How close we are to replacing guide dogs with AI?

Were there any successful attempts to replace poor guide dogs used for blind people with AI to achieve similar rate of success? I guess dogs could be easily distracted and not reliable for every ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

How to separate image recognition from logic?

For example I would like to implement transparent AI in the RTS game which doesn't offer any AI API (like old games), and I'd like to use image recognition algorithm for detecting the objects which ...
1
vote
2answers
692 views

In LSTM text generation can low amount of training data be compensated?

I'm playing with an LSTM to generate text. In particular, this one: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fchollet/keras/master/examples/lstm_text_generation.py It works on quite a big demo text set ...
7
votes
5answers
977 views

How can action recognition be achieved?

For example, I would like to train my neural network to recognize the type of actions (e.g. in commercial movies or some real-life videos), so I can "ask" my network in which video or movie (and at ...
-2
votes
1answer
223 views

How many neurons would a network have after a training of 100k small images?

Is there any way to estimate how big the neural network would be after training session of 100,000 unlabeled images for unsupervised learning (like in STL-10 dataset: 96x96 pixels and color)? Not the ...
69
votes
8answers
11k views

Do scientists know what is happening inside artificial neural networks?

Do scientists or research experts know from the kitchen what is happening inside complex "deep" neural network with at least millions of connections firing at an instant? Do they understand the ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How successfully can convnets detect NSFW images?

For example, search engine companies want to classify their image searches into 2 categories (which they already do that) such as: NSFW (nudity, porn, brutality) and safe to view pictures. How can ...
5
votes
6answers
326 views

Is reinforcement learning needed to create Strong AI?

By reinforcement learning, I don't mean the class of machine learning algorithms such as DeepQ, etc. I have in mind the general concept of learning based on rewards and punishment. Is it possible to ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

How exactly does a validation data-set work work in machine learning? [closed]

With typical machine learning you would usually use a training data-set to create a model of some kind, and a testing data-set to then test the newly created model. For something like linear ...
6
votes
6answers
10k views

What is the difference between artificial intelligence and robots?

What is the difference between artificial intelligence and robots?
23
votes
4answers
1k views

Are Siri and Cortana AI programs?

Siri and Cortana communicate pretty much like humans. Unlike Google now which mainly gives us search results when asked some questions (not setting alarms or reminders), Siri and Cortana provide us ...
4
votes
4answers
115 views

How to classify language as friendly or aggressive with AI?

Just for the purpose of learning I'd like to classify the likeliness of a tweet being in aggressive language or not. I was wondering how to approach the problem. I guess I need first train my neural ...
2
votes
1answer
336 views

Can ConvNets be used for real-time object recognition from video feed?

Convolutional neural network are leading type of feed-forward artificial neural network for image recognition. Can they be used for real-time image recognition for videos (frame by frame), or it takes ...
18
votes
1answer
699 views

Has the Lovelace Test 2.0 been successfully used in an academic setting?

In October 2014, Dr. Mark Riedl published an approach to testing AI intelligence, called the "Lovelace Test 2.0", after being inspired by the original Lovelace Test (published in 2001). Mark believed ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Illustration of Von Neumann's Minimax theorem in games?

The Von Neumann's Minimax theorem gives the conditions that make the max-min inequality an equality. I understand the max-min inequality, basically ...
5
votes
1answer
382 views

Is recursion used in practice to improve performance of AI systems?

Is there any methods by which artificial intelligence use recursion(s) to solve a certain issue or to keep up working and calculating?
0
votes
2answers
485 views

What are the most pressing fundamental questions and gaps in AI research? [closed]

White House published the information about AI which requests mentions about 'the most important research gaps in AI that must be addressed to advance this field and benefit the public'. What are ...
8
votes
2answers
523 views

What kind of education is required for researchers in AI?

Suppose my goal is to collaborate and create an advanced AI, for instance one that resembles a human being and the project would be on the frontier of AI research, what kind of skills would I need? I ...
-5
votes
1answer
100 views

Is Deep Blue superintelligent or not? [closed]

When AI has some narrow domain such as chess where it can outperform the world's human masters of chess, does it make it a superintelligence or not?
3
votes
1answer
548 views

How machine learning can help with sustainable development and biological conservation?

Recently White House published the article: Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence which says that government is working to leverage AI for public good and toward a more effective ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How Watson can help to make medical diagnoses?

On Watson wiki page we can read: In healthcare, Watson's natural language, hypothesis generation, and evidence-based learning capabilities allow it to function as a clinical decision support system ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

How can thousand-robot swarm coordinate their moves without bumping into each other?

How can a swarm of small robots (like Kilobots) walking close to each other achieve collaboration without bumping into each other? For example, one study shows programmable self-assembly in a thousand-...
10
votes
2answers
135 views

Is there any artificial intelligence that possesses “concentration”?

We, humans, during following multiple processes (e.g. reading while listening to music) memorize information from less focused sources with worse efficiency than we do from our main concentration. Do ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

How close are we to creating Ex Machina?

Are there any research teams which attempted to create or have already created an AI robot which can be as close to intelligent as these found in Ex Machina or I, Robot movies? I'm not talking about ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the current state-of-the-art in Reinforcement Learning regarding data efficiency?

In other words, which existing reinforcement method learns in fewest episodes? R-Max comes to mind, but its very old and I'd like to know if there is something better now.
9
votes
1answer
347 views

What kind of body (if any) does intelligence require?

In the mid 1980s, Rodney Brooks famously created the foundations of "the new AI". The central claim was that the symbolist approach of 'Good Old Fashioned AI' (GOFAI) had failed by attempting to '...
5
votes
3answers
74 views

Do specific units exists for measuring the intelligence of a machine?

We can measure the power of the machine with the number of operation per second or the frequency of the processor. But does units similar of IQ for humans exist for a AI? I'm asking for a unit which ...
4
votes
1answer
786 views

What does “death” intuitively mean in the paper “Death and Suicide in Universal Artificial Intelligence”?

In the paper Death and Suicide in Universal Artificial Intelligence, a proposal is given for what death could mean for Artificial Intelligence. What does this mean using English only? I understand ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Can we prove that a piece of code in AI software will cause it to never turn against us?

It is possible of normal code to prove that it is correct using mathematical techniques, and that is often done to ensure that some parts are bug-free. Can we also prove that a piece of code in AI ...
11
votes
2answers
403 views

Are there any AI that have passed the MIST test so far?

MIST is a quantiative test of humanness, consisting of ~80k propositions such as: Is Earth a planet? Is the sun bigger than my foot? Do people sometimes lie? etc. Have any AI attempted and passed ...
16
votes
3answers
5k views

Why can't OCR be perceived as a good example of AI?

On the wikipedia page about AI, we can read: Optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of "artificial intelligence" having become a routine technology. On the other hand, ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Are there any artificial neuromorphic systems which can mimic the brain?

I'd like to know whether there were attempts to simulate the whole brain, I'm not talking only about some ANN on microchips, but brain simulations.
3
votes
1answer
253 views

How do Google cars recognize the traffic signs?

The paper Multi-column Deep Neural Networks for Image Classification (pages 7-8) shows an attempt at recognizing the traffic signs, with lower error rates, by using multi-column deep neural networks. ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

What are the most challenging tasks aiming to achieve the lowest error rate?

For example there is the MNIST database which is used to test artificial neural network (ANN), however it's not so challenging, because some hierarchical systems of convolutional neural networks ...
13
votes
2answers
575 views

How can I automate the choice of the topology of a neural network for an arbitrary problem?

Assume that I want to solve an issue with a neural network that either I can't fit to already existing topologies (perceptron, Konohen, etc) or I'm simply not aware of the existence of those or I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
818 views

Predicting chemical reactions using AI

Is there any research which study application of AI into chemistry which can predict the output of certain chemical reactions. So for example, you train the AI about current compounds, substances, ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Are there any learning algorithms as powerful as “deep” architectures?

This article suggests that deep learning is not designed to produce the universal algorithm and cannot be used to create such a complex systems. First of all it requires huge amounts of computing ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

How does the Jetson AI write its screenplays?

I've watched the Sunspring video which didn't make any sense to me (a lot of nonsense monologues), mainly because it was created by Jetson AI. What was the mechanism of creating such screenplay? On ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

How likely is it that Watson-like AI will replace Wikipedia-like encyclopedias? [closed]

Is there any risk in the near future of replacing all encyclopedias with Watson-like AI where knowledge is accessible by everybody through API? Something similar happened in the future in The Time ...
5
votes
2answers
86 views

Is it ethical to implement self-defence for street walking AI robots?

Would it be ethical to implement AI for self-defence for public walking robots which are exposed to dangers such as violence and crime such as robbery (of parts), damage or abduction? What would be ...
9
votes
3answers
475 views

Is it beneficial to represent a neural net as a matrix?

A neural network is a directed weighted graph. These can be represented by a (sparse) matrix. Doing so can expose some elegant properties of the network. Is this technique beneficial for examining ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How to avoid falling into the “local minima” trap?

How do I avoid my gradient descent algorithm into falling into the "local minima" trap while backpropogating on my neural network? Are there any methods which help me avoid it?

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