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How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill? It shouldn't. Self-driving cars are not moral agents. Cars fail in predictable ways. Horses fail in predictable ways. the car ...
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54 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

The answer to a lot of those questions depends on how the device is programmed. A computer capable of driving around and recognizing where the road goes is likely to have the ability to visually ...
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31 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Personally, I think this might be an overhyped issue. Trolley problems only occur when the situation is optimized to prevent "3rd options". A car has brakes, does it not? "But what if the brakes don'...
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26 votes
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Which explainable artificial intelligence techniques are there?

Explainable AI and model interpretability are hyper-active and hyper-hot areas of current research (think of holy grail, or something), which have been brought forward lately not least due to the (...
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17 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

In the real world, decisions will be made based on the law, and as noted over on Law.SE, the law generally favors inaction over action.
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16 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

This is the well known Trolley Problem. As Ben N said, people disagree on the right course of action for trolley problem scenarios, but it should be noted that with self-driving cars, reliability is ...
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10 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

“This moral question of whom to save: 99 percent of our engineering work is to prevent these situations from happening at all.” —Christoph von Hugo, Mercedes-Benz This quote is from an article titled ...
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9 votes

Could an AI feel emotions?

There is much discussion in philosophy about inner language and the ability to perceive pain (see Pain in philosophy article). Your question is in the area of philosophy and not science. If you define ...
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9 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

For a driverless car that is designed by a single entity, the best way for it to make decisions about whom to kill is by estimating and minimizing the probable liability. It doesn't need to ...
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9 votes

Could humans hurt a conscious or sentient AI?

The article Children Beating Up Robot Inspires New Escape Maneuver System is based on two research papers about an experiment in a Japanese mall that led to unsupervised children attacking robots. The ...
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7 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill? By managing legal liability and consumer safety. A car that offers the consumer safety is going to be a car that is bought by said ...
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7 votes
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How will an AI comprehend the ethics of "right" and "wrong"?

Right and wrong only exist relative to some goal or purpose. To make a machine do more right than wrong, relative to human goals, one should minimize the surface area of the machine's purpose. Doing ...
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7 votes

Could humans hurt a conscious or sentient AI?

I suggest you look at all the ways we have tried to stop people from abusing OTHER PEOPLE. There is no ethical grey area here - everyone is clear that this is wrong. And yet people are murdered, raped,...
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6 votes

Could an AI feel emotions?

It is certainly possible for AI to theoretically feel emotion. There are, according to Murray Shanahan's book The Technological Singularity, two primary forms of AI: 1) Human based AI - achieved ...
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6 votes

Can we destroy an artificial general intelligence without its consent?

Firstly, an AGI could conceivably exhibit all of the observable properties of intelligence without being conscious. Although that may seem counter-intuitive, at present we have no physical theory that ...
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5 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

They shouldn't. People should. People cannot put the responsibilities of ethical decisions into the hands of computers. It is our responsibility as computer scientists/AI experts to program decisions ...
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5 votes

Could an AI feel emotions?

Assuming an AI was built out of a mechanical husk, mirroring the human brain exactly; complete with chemical signals and all. An AI should theoretically be capable of feeling/processing emotions.
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5 votes

Which explainable artificial intelligence techniques are there?

There are a few XAI techniques that are (partially) agnostic to the model to be interpreted Layer-wise relevance propagation (LRP), introduced in On Pixel-Wise Explanations for Non-Linear Classifier ...
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5 votes

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions?

I disagree with the idea that a trained Machine Learning model would be impartial. Models are trained on data sets that contain features. Humans prepare those data sets and decide what features are ...
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4 votes
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Could an AI feel emotions?

I have considered much of the responses here, and I would suggest that most people here have missed the point when answering the question about emotions. The problem is, scientists keep looking for a ...
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4 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

Frankly I think this issue (the Trolley Problem) is inherently overcomplicated, since the real world solution is likely to be pretty straightforward. Like a human driver, an AI driver will be ...
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4 votes

Is the research by Stanford University students who use logistic regression to predict sexual orientation from facial images really scientific?

One way to criticize the study could be to attack the data on which the study is based on. An image on a social network is not "neutral" (those are not ID photo) and certainly not images from a dating ...
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4 votes
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Is it possible to build an AI that learns humanity, morally?

I'm going to refer you to one of my favorite AI philosophers, Phillip K. Dick, who thought deeply on this subject and wrote about in some detail in Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep. Essentially, ...
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4 votes

Can an AI be programmed not to lie?

If a machine learning-based AI is "sufficiently smart enough" to be able to lie, then there is nothing preventing it from lying. This does not mean it can't be persuaded from lying. So just ...
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4 votes

What AI applications exist to solve sustainability issues?

The paper The role of artificial intelligence in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (2020, published in Nature) should contain the information you're looking for. In the introduction, the ...
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4 votes

Would it be ethical to allow an AI to make life-or-death medical decisions?

I will interpret the questions as being about triage. This is particularly important in crisis situations, where a lot of such life-or-death decisions have to be taken. In the START system there are ...
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3 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

I think there would not be a way to edit such ethics settings in a car. But hey, if cell phones can be rooted, why not cars? I imagine there'll be Linux builds in the future for specific models that ...
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3 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

The only sensible choice is to use predictable behaviour. So in the people in front of the car scenario: First the car hits the brakes, at the same time honks the horn, and stays on course. The ...
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3 votes

How could self-driving cars make ethical decisions about who to kill?

I think that in most cases the car would default to reducing speed as a main option, rather than steering toward or away from a specific choice. As others have mentioned, having settings related to ...
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3 votes

What are the most pressing fundamental questions and gaps in AI research?

One way of illustrating the deficiencies of many of our current approaches at once is to consider how well it is possible to represent (equivalently, learn) commonsense knowledge. In this area, the ...
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