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This is conditioning in the sense of conditional probability. The idea is that the authors have some "standard physically-inspired features". They are splitting the data up into bins based on the values of these features, and then training a model for each bin. They are then examining the differences between the models. Usually this is done to learn ...

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Non-correlation does not imply independence, that is, if two features are not correlated (i.e. zero correlation), it does not mean that they are independent. But (non-zero) correlation implies dependence (see https://stats.stackexchange.com/q/113417/82135 for more details). So, if you have non-zero correlation between two features, it means they are ...

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Data pre-processing and feature extraction are by far the most important part of any machine learning algorithm. It's even more important that the model you choose to do the classification. Unfortunately, pre-processing and feature extraction are completely different for each type of data. You need to play around with the data yourself to find out what ...

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Simply said, there is no specific "meaning" to the features generated. They are simply features that are fitted through math and calculus, and nobody knows what they represent exactly, and will never knows. However we can run PCA (Principal Component Analysis) to see which feature is the most "important" of all, aka which feature affects the most in the ...

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The principal components (eigenvectors) correspond to the direction (in the original n-dimensional space) with the greatest variance in the data. The corresponding eigenvalue is a number that indicates how much variance there is in the data along that eigenvector (or principal component). Thus, feature 2 is the most important (based on ...

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In general, the expression "temporal feature" might refer to any feature that is associated with or changes over time. However, in the context of signal processing, a temporal feature might refer to any feature of the data before being transformed to the Fourier, frequency or spectral domain, using the Fourier transform. In this context, the domain of the ...

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