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An option is a generalization of the concept of action. The concept of an option (or macro-action) was introduced in the context of reinforcement learning in the paper Between MDPs and semi-MDPs: A framework for temporal abstraction in reinforcement learning (1998) by Richard S. Sutton, Doina Precup and Satinder Singh, so that to capture the idea that ...


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To model the problem through RL, it is possible to discretize time horizon into very short time interval (for example 5 minutes as a stage) such that in each time interval, just a single customer enter to our system. On the other hand, it is possible that stages are defined as the time when a customer enters our system. 1) Is the second ...


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