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22 votes
Accepted

Is Prolog still used in AI?

Remembering that artificial intelligence has been an academic endeavour for the longest time, Prolog was amongst one of the early languages used as part of the study and implementation of it. It has ...
Kaiesh's user avatar
  • 716
16 votes

Is Prolog still used in AI?

Yes, as mentioned in other answers, Prolog is actually used in IBM Watson. Prolog doesn't get much "hype" and "buzz" these days, but it is absolutely still used. As always, it has certain specific ...
mindcrime's user avatar
  • 3,767
14 votes

Did Minsky and Papert know that multi-layer perceptrons could solve XOR?

Whether Minsky knew or not, it was definitely known to Rosenblatt, as he published those results in his really pioneering report - Principles of Neurodynamics: Perceptrons and the Theory of Brain ...
Cel's user avatar
  • 141
14 votes

Who first coined the term Artificial Intelligence?

John McCarthy (1927 - 2011) was an American computer scientist. A pioneer in the foundations of artificial intelligence research, he coined the term "artificial intelligence". He was one of the ...
3442's user avatar
  • 768
13 votes

Did Minsky and Papert know that multi-layer perceptrons could solve XOR?

There does not appear to be a historical consensus on this. The Wikipedia page on the Perceptrons book (which does not come down on either side) gives an argument that the ability of MLPs to compute ...
NietzscheanAI's user avatar
12 votes

Is there a way to understand neural networks without using the concept of brain?

tl;dr I always like to think of Neural Networks as a generalization of logistic regression. I too don't like that, traditionally, when introducing Neural Networks, books start with biological ...
Djib2011's user avatar
  • 3,193
11 votes
Accepted

When did Artificial Intelligence research first start?

The earliest research into thinking machines was inspired by a confluence of ideas that became prevalent in the late 30s, 40s and early 50s (e.g. formal logic, automata, robots). Although the Turing ...
10 votes
Accepted

Is Lisp still being used to tackle AI problems?

Overall, the answer is no, but the current paradigms owe a lot to LISP. The language most commonly used today is python. Relevant answers: Stack Overflow thread explaining why LISP was thought of as ...
Harsh's user avatar
  • 1,315
8 votes

Is there any board game where a human can still beat an AI?

Not all games (or even board games) are computationally algorithmic. Even the least skilled player is likely to trounce the hottest pattern-matching algorithm in a game of Pictionary (for example). ...
Robert Cartaino's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Are there any AI that have passed the MIST test so far?

Yes, although how useful this AI can be is another question entirely. mpgac is a "minimally intelligent AGI" trained on the GAC-80K corpus of MIST questions. As a result, it should be able to "...
Left SE On 10_6_19's user avatar
8 votes

Is transistor the first artificial intelligence?

I think it might come down to whether the transistor is making a decision. If the transistor is being used as a switch, that would seem to qualify as a decision, even though it's an extremely ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
  • 6,237
8 votes

What is artificial intelligence?

Over the years, many people attempted to define artificial intelligence. A lot of those definitions are summed up by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig in their book Artificial Intelligence - A Modern ...
Omar K's user avatar
  • 113
8 votes

Why is it called back-propagation?

Why is it called back-propagation? I don't think there is anything special here! It's called back-propagation (BP) because, after the forward pass, you compute the partial derivative of the loss ...
nbro's user avatar
  • 41k
7 votes

Did Minsky and Papert know that multi-layer perceptrons could solve XOR?

In section 13.2 Other Multilayer Machines (pp. 231-232) of the book Perceptrons: An Introduction to Computational Geometry (expanded edition, third printing, 1988) Minsky and Papert actually talk ...
nbro's user avatar
  • 41k
7 votes
Accepted

How could Deep Blue possibly cheat?

The allegation was based on the fact that Deep Blue made a choice that did not yield the immediate (or short term) benefit that was synonymous with systems back then (1997). Computational capability ...
Kaiesh's user avatar
  • 716
7 votes

Is Lisp still being used to tackle AI problems?

I definitely continue to often use Lisp when working on AI models. You asked if it is being used for substantial work. That's too subjective for me to answer regarding my own work, but I queried one ...
End Antisemitic Hate's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Which paper introduced the term "softmax"?

The paper that appears to have introduced the term "softmax" is Training Stochastic Model Recognition Algorithms as Networks can Lead to Maximum Mutual Information Estimation of Parameters (...
nbro's user avatar
  • 41k
6 votes

Is Lisp still being used to tackle AI problems?

LISP is still used significantly, but less and less. There is still momentum due to so many people using it in the past, who are still active in the industry or research (anecdote: the last VCR was ...
Eric Platon's user avatar
  • 1,510
6 votes
Accepted

Has the Lovelace Test 2.0 been successfully used in an academic setting?

No. TL;DR: The Lovelace Test 2.0 is very vague, making it ill-suited for evaluation of intelligence. It is also generally ignored by researchers of Computational Creativity, who already have their ...
Left SE On 10_6_19's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Is there any board game where a human can still beat an AI?

For many years, the focus has been on games with perfect information. That is, in Chess and Go both of us are looking at the same board. In something like Poker, you have information that I don't have ...
Matthew Gray's user avatar
  • 4,272
6 votes

Is Artificial Intelligence restricted to electrical based technology?

Not yet. Synthetic virology / Synthetic life are still in their infancy. We can now synthesize simple bacteria (see Craig Venter's fascinating TED talk and also an article about his recent work) but ...
Lior Kogan's user avatar
6 votes

Is Artificial Intelligence restricted to electrical based technology?

Any logic circuit admits a variety of implementations. All programs executing on conventional digital processors can be expressed as logic circuits. Among the possible implementations of logic ...
aminorex's user avatar
  • 201
6 votes
Accepted

Is Lisp still worth learning today in the particular context of Machine learning?

LISP was popular because back in the old days of AI because of the functional syntax, which worked well with the GOFAI paradigm of the time. Nowadays most researchers have given up on the classical ...
k.c. sayz 'k.c sayz''s user avatar
6 votes

Is transistor the first artificial intelligence?

Replacing my previous ill conceived answer with this definition of Intelligence from Richard Sutton (a founder and leader Reinforcement Learning) should answer your question. John McCarthy long ...
Jaden Travnik's user avatar
6 votes

Was the corruption of Microsoft's "Tay" chatbot an example of catastrophic forgetting?

Looking at what happened, it was something similar. Though, the case differs in my eyes from one perspective: if it could only do a few comedy jokes, that probably is not a profound starting point to ...
mico's user avatar
  • 927
6 votes

Was the corruption of Microsoft's "Tay" chatbot an example of catastrophic forgetting?

It was essentially a lack of control over crowd-sourced training data. While Tay was initially set up with some conversational ability, it seemed to be programmed to learn from interactions with ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 5,397
5 votes

Is Artificial Intelligence restricted to electrical based technology?

No, I think electricity is not essential for AI. In theory AI (a sufficient collection of computational processes that can adapt to changes in their input, thus producing 'intelligent' behavior), ...
Randy's user avatar
  • 679
5 votes
Accepted

Why did "Artificial Intelligence" stay intact as a coherent, unified field of study?

AI is a rather unusual research field in that the label persists more because it represents a highly desired goal, rather than (as with most other fields) the means, substrate or methodology by which ...
NietzscheanAI's user avatar
5 votes

What was the first machine that was able to carry on a conversation?

In 1986, the first PC therapist program was written by Joseph Weintraub. This program won the first Loebner Prize in 1991, and then again in 1992, 1993 and 1995. In 1981 or 1982, Jabberwacky was ...
wythagoras's user avatar
  • 1,521

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