For questions related to object detection (where objects can be e.g. humans, dogs, houses, etc.), whose meaning or definition can vary depending on the context. OD can refer to the task of locating (i.e. finding the coordinates) an object in an image (so, in this case, it would be a synonym for object localization) or the task of locating the object and classifying it (i.e. object localization + object classification).