Quoting the original paper: For each target vector $x_{i,G}$ ,a mutant vector is generated according to $$ v_{i,G+1} = x_{r_1,G} + F\left(x_{r_2,G} + x_{r_3,G}\right)$$ And later To decide whether or not it should become a member of generation $G + 1$, the trial vector $v_{i,G+1}$ is compared to the target vector $x_{i,G}$ using the greedy criterion. I'd ...


Because the value of the terminal state is 0 by definition. There is no further reward to be obtained once you reach the terminal state.

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