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I am building a CNN and am wondering if inputting derived or computed inputs are generally bad for the effectiveness of CNNs? Or just NNs in general?

By derived or computed values I mean data that is not "raw" and instead is computed based on the raw data. For example, in a very simple form, using time-series data as the "raw" data and computing a 30 day SMA as a "derived/computed" value, and as another input.

Is this bad practice at boosting the effectiveness of the network? If it is not a bad practice, are there any tips on what kind of computed values someone should consider when adding new inputs?

The goal of my NN is for building predictions in time-series data.

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It seems to me that, you're basically asking whether feature engineering is bad or not. It's not necessarily bad, but the main advantage of deep neural networks stem from the fact that they do feature engineering for you. The earlier layers learn/extract useful features, and the last layer (usually a fully-connected one), just does some kind of regression on the extracted features.

All in all, feature engineering is not necessarily bad, but rather, the deep neural networks do it for you instead. So, they render feature engineering somewhat obsolete. However, if you've rather small amount of data, or using a shallow network for whatever reason, feature engineering can still benefit you a lot.

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