Questions tagged [applications]

For questions about clarifications, methods, algorithms or best practices for or examples of (possible) applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning algorithms.

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26 views

What's up with Neural Stochastic Differential Equations from a practical standpoint?

I've spent a few days reading some of the new papers about Neural SDEs. For example, here is one from Tzen and Raginsky and here is one that came out simultaneously by Peluchetti and Favaro. There are ...
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2answers
945 views

What are the biggest barriers to get RL in production?

I am studying the state of the art of Reinforcement Learning, and my point is that we see so many applications in the real world using Supervised and Unsupervised learning algorithms in production, ...
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33 views

Is non-negative matrix factorization for machine learning obsolete?

I am taking a course about using matrix factorization for machine learning. The first thing that came into my mind is by using the matrix factorization we are always limited to linear relationships ...
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28 views

ML method for detecting which individuals are best predicted by the features

Broad question to help in finding an appropriate method. So I have a given feature set of (DNA/genetic) predictors and a group of individuals which are either cases or controls for diseaseX. While I ...
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1answer
146 views

What are the fundamental differences between VAE and GAN for image generation?

Starting from my own understanding, and scoped to the purpose of image generation, I'm well aware of the major architectural differences: A GAN's generator samples from a relatively low dimensional ...
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1answer
55 views

Can you use machine learning for binary data?

I am totally new to artificial intelligence and neural networks and have a broad question that I hope is appropriate to ask here. I am an ecologist working in animal movement and I want to use AI to ...
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1answer
172 views

Can we use transformers for audio classification tasks?

Since transformers are good at processing sequential data, can we also use them for audio classification problems (same as RNNs)?
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1answer
119 views

What kind of problems is DQN algorithm good and bad for?

I know this is a general question, but I'm just looking for intuition. What are the characteristics of problems (in terms of state-space, action-space, environment, or anything else you can think of) ...
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47 views

What are the use-cases of self-replicating neural networks?

I started researching the subject of self-replication in neural networks, and unexpectedly I saw that there is not much research on this subject. I should mention I am new in the field of NNs. This ...
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1answer
80 views

Are there any meaningful books entirely written by an artificial intelligence?

Are there any meaningful books entirely written by an artificial intelligence? I mean something with meaning, unlike random words or empty books. Something that can be charactersed as fiction ...
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1answer
129 views

What is a “learned emulator”?

In this article, the term "learned emulator" is used. Recently, scientists have started creating "learned emulators" using AI neural network approaches, but have not yet fully ...
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15 views

Why is domain adaptation and generative modelling for knowledge graphs still not applied widely in enterprise data? What are the challenges?

I see that domain adaptation and transfer learning has been widely adopted in image classification and semantic segmentation analysis. But it's still lacking in providing solutions to enterprise data, ...
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2answers
110 views

What are examples of problems where neural networks have achieved human-level or higher performance?

What are examples of problems where neural networks have been used and have achieved human-level or higher performance? Each answer can contain one or more examples. Please, provide links to research ...
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1answer
57 views

Are neural networks really used apart from specific hi-tech organisations?

This is a generic question. Still posting it to get insights from experts in the field. I am interested in knowing if Neural Networks are used in general apart from specific hi-tech organizations. If ...
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1answer
150 views

What is the scope of real-world deep learning applications in 2020?

2015 was a milestone year for AI--"deep learning" was validated in a very public way with AlphaGo. However, at the time, the question was raised: "What else is deep learning good for?&...
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1answer
768 views

How do AIs like Siri and Alexa respond to their names being called?

AIs like Siri and Alexa respond to their names being called. How does the system recognize the name by ignoring all the other words that have been said before their name? For example, "Hey Siri&...
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1answer
112 views

Can GANs be used to generate something other than images?

AFAIK, GANs are used for generating/synthesizing near-perfect human faces (deepfakes), gallery arts, etc., but can GANs be used to generate something other than images?
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43 views

How is depth perception (e.g. in autonomous driving) addressed without using a Lidar or Radar unit?

For practical applications, like autonomous driving, depth perception is needed to make useful decisions. How is this normally addressed without using a LIDAR or RADAR unit (but using a camera)?
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1answer
56 views

Do transformers have success in other domains different than NLP?

Everybody knows how successful transformers have been in NLP. Is there known work on other domains (e.g that also have a sequential natural way of occurring, such as stock price prediction or other ...
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113 views

Creating 4k HDR video from 720p footage

So, my company recently bought a big 4k HDR TV for our reception, where we keep showing some videos that were originally shot/created at 720p resolution. Before this, we had a relatively small HD TV, ...
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1answer
41 views

What are the real applications of hierarchical temporal memory?

What are the real applications of hierarchical temporal memory (HTM) in machine learning (ML) these days?
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39 views

Is there an AI system that, given a patient's symptoms, produces a diagnosis and suggests a treatment?

Is there an AI system (preferably, one that interacts with the human, such as a chatbot like this one) that, given some input (e.g. entered into the system by writing text), such as a person's ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there any practical application of knowing whether a concept class is PAC-learnable?

A concept class $C$ is PAC-learnable if there exists an algorithm that can output a hypothesis with probability at least $(1-\delta)$ (the "probably" part), and an error that is less than $\epsilon$ (...
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2answers
328 views

What are some use cases of few-shot learning?

Besides computer vision and image classification, what other use cases/applications are for few-shot learning?
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1answer
67 views

Why can't DQN be used for self-driving cars?

Why can't DQN be used for self-driving cars? Why can't DQN and similar RL algorithms be used for self-driving cars? The reason why I am curious is that it successfully plays go and other multistate ...
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1answer
80 views

Best ways of leveraging AI for stock market trading

What are the current popular approaches to leveraging AI for stock price prediction? It seems like there could be several approaches and problem formulations: Supervised learning: Regression: ...
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2answers
60 views

What kinds of techniques do autopilots of autonomous cars use?

What kinds of techniques do autopilots of autonomous cars (e.g. the ones of Tesla) use? Do they use reinforcement learning? Which types of neural network architecture do they use?
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2answers
734 views

Could machine learning be used to measure the distance between two objects from a picture or live camera?

Could machine learning be used to measure the distance between two objects from a picture or live camera? An example of this is the measurement between the centre of each eye pupil. This area is ...
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0answers
46 views

What are some real-world products or applications that can be developed using GANs?

GANs have shown good progress across a wide variety of domains ranging from image translation, image generation, text to image synthesis, audio/video generation, image super-resolution and many more. ...
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1answer
111 views

Is there any programming language designed by deep learning?

I know that AI can be used to design printed circuit boards (PCBs), so it can be used to solve complex tasks. Is there any programming language designed by deep learning (or any other AI technique)?
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99 views

What are the pros and cons of deep learning and machine learning to develop a trading system?

As I want to start coding a new Trading AI in this year (first based on Python and later maybe in C++) I stumbled over the following question: Today, I would like to make a pro/contra list with you ...
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52 views

Why are conics important in computer vision?

The book Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision by Richard Hartley and Andrew Zisserman talks about lines, points and conics. A conic is a curve described by a second-degree equation in the plane, ...
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2answers
66 views

Which NLP applications are based on recurrent neural networks?

Some of the NLP applications taken from this link NLP Applications: Machine Translation Speech Recognition Sentiment Analysis Question Answering Automatic Summarization Chatbots Market Intelligence ...
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3answers
374 views

What are the AI technologies currently used to fight the coronavirus pandemic?

The ongoing coronavirus pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), as of 29 September 2020, has affected many countries ...
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1answer
82 views

Medical diagnosis systems based on artificial neural networks

Are there any medical diagnosis systems that are already used somewhere that are based on artificial neural networks?
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11answers
10k views

What are some well-known problems where neural networks don't do very well?

Background: It's well-known that neural networks offer great performance across a large number of tasks, and this is largely a consequence of their universal approximation capabilities. However, in ...
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52 views

Use cases for AI inside the software company

This question is a bit philosophic and is about making new use cases for software companies. Let me describe what exist for now, why it is not enough, and what is needed. I know that there are a lot ...
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1answer
87 views

Is reinforcement learning suited for real-time systems?

From what I have seen, any results involving RL almost always take a massive number of simulations to reach a remotely good policy. Will any form of RL be viable for real-time systems?
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56 views

How should I define the state space for this life science problem?

I would like to ask for a piece of advice with regard to Q-learning. I am studying RL and would like to do a basic project applied to life science and calculate the reward. I have been trying to get ...
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1answer
43 views

Have GANs been used to solve regression problems?

I've noticed that in the last 2 years GANs have become really popular. I know that initially they have been proposed for image classification but I was curious if any of you are aware of any papers ...
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2answers
215 views

Should I prefer the model with the lowest validation loss or the highest validation accuracy to deploy?

I trained a ResNet20 on Cifar10 and obtained the following learning curves. From the figures, I see at epoch 52, my validation loss is 0.323 (the lowest), and my validation accuracy is 89.7%. On the ...
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1answer
140 views

How can I perform lane detection with reinforcement learning?

I'm quite new to reinforcement learning and my project will consist of detecting lanes with RL. I'm using q-learning and I'm having a hard time thinking how my q table should look like, I mean - ...
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1answer
105 views

What are advantages of using meta-heuristic algorithms on optimization problems?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using meta-heuristic algorithms on optimization problems? Simply, why do we use meta-heuristic algorithms, like PSO, over traditional mathematical ...
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1answer
101 views

Why everyone is using CNN for image segmentation?

I'm a newbie in artificial intelligence. I have started to research how to do image segmentation and all the papers that I have found are about CNN. Most of them use the same network, U-net, but with ...
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0answers
133 views

Is it useful to train a CycleGAN in a supervised setting?

I am very interested in the application of CycleGANs. I understand the concept of unpaired data and it makes sense to me. But now a question comes to my mind: what if I have enough paired image data, ...
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0answers
49 views

How can I predict the nutrients in dishes given the ingredients used to prepare them?

I want to know which algorithm will work most efficiently for calculating nutrients present in a food dish if I am giving the ingredients used in the food. Basically, let us assume that I want to make ...
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3answers
114 views

Are there any public real-life code examples of ML applications in Python?

Problems I often face at work usually differ from tutorial or book-like examples so I end up with a code that works but it's not elegant and takes too much time to write. I wanted to ask you if there ...
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0answers
298 views

How does deepfake technology work with multiple people in a single frame?

I was watching this video from corridor crew, according to them, they have used deepfake technology to create this video. I myself have never made a deepfake videos, but I have enough knowledge in the ...
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1answer
187 views

Can OpenAI simulations be used in real world applications?

I know that classical control systems have been used to solve the problem of the inverted pendulum - inverted pendulum. But I've seen that people have also used machine learning techniques to solve ...
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1answer
87 views

Why can't LSTMs tell a long story?

There is a recent trend in people using LSTMs to write novels. I haven’t attempted this myself. From what I’m hearing, they can tell a story, but it seems they lose the context of the story rather ...