Questions tagged [applications]

For questions about clarifications, methods, algorithms or best practices for or examples of (possible) applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning algorithms.

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Which software or app using IBM Watson or LUIS as voice assistant to chat and answer question? [closed]

Which software or app using IBM Watson or Microsoft LUIS or open-ai as voice assistant to chat and answer question? Is there a list of these product names? How can they have basic chat knowledge like ...
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What are some applications of virtual try-on other than in the fashion industry?

I've been considering doing research in virtual try-on technology. There are various computer vision techniques that go into this, but I was wondering if there is any potential application of virtual ...
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1answer
43 views

Can AI be used for grading code copy exercises and adjust difficulty based on these scores?

I'm a senior in a bachelor Multimedia and Creative Technology. My experience is mostly full-stack web app development. For my bachelor's thesis, I need to do research in a subject I have no experience ...
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1answer
24 views

When is an object detection approach over a CNN approach appropriate?

I understand that CNNs are for image classification while object detection is for localization + classification of the objects detected. However, in particular, AI for chest radiographs, why is object ...
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Usecases where pretrained models are used without retraining

I was starting out with deep learning and come across a lot of pretrained models in frameworks and sites such as tensorflow model zoo. Are these models actually used by other developers in real use ...
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1answer
52 views

When should we use CNN instead of MLP?

Is CNN only applicable to time-series data or image data? When should we use CNN instead of MLP?
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1answer
26 views

How can GPT-3 be used for designing electronic circuits from text descriptions?

I was wondering if it is possible to use GPT-3 to translate text description of a circuit to any circuit design language program, which in turn can be used to make the circuit. If it is possible, what ...
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1answer
53 views

Can Reinforcement Learning be used to generate sequences?

Can we use reinforcement learning for sequence-to-sequence tasks? If yes, whether or not this is a good choice, how could this be done?
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38 views

What's up with Neural Stochastic Differential Equations from a practical standpoint?

I've spent a few days reading some of the new papers about Neural SDEs. For example, here is one from Tzen and Raginsky and here is one that came out simultaneously by Peluchetti and Favaro. There are ...
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979 views

What are the biggest barriers to get RL in production?

I am studying the state of the art of Reinforcement Learning, and my point is that we see so many applications in the real world using Supervised and Unsupervised learning algorithms in production, ...
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Is non-negative matrix factorization for machine learning obsolete?

I am taking a course about using matrix factorization for machine learning. The first thing that came into my mind is by using the matrix factorization we are always limited to linear relationships ...
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28 views

ML method for detecting which individuals are best predicted by the features

Broad question to help in finding an appropriate method. So I have a given feature set of (DNA/genetic) predictors and a group of individuals which are either cases or controls for diseaseX. While I ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the fundamental differences between VAE and GAN for image generation?

Starting from my own understanding, and scoped to the purpose of image generation, I'm well aware of the major architectural differences: A GAN's generator samples from a relatively low dimensional ...
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1answer
193 views

Can you use machine learning for binary data?

I am totally new to artificial intelligence and neural networks and have a broad question that I hope is appropriate to ask here. I am an ecologist working in animal movement and I want to use AI to ...
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1answer
482 views

Can we use transformers for audio classification tasks?

Since transformers are good at processing sequential data, can we also use them for audio classification problems (same as RNNs)?
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1answer
416 views

What kind of problems is DQN algorithm good and bad for?

I know this is a general question, but I'm just looking for intuition. What are the characteristics of problems (in terms of state-space, action-space, environment, or anything else you can think of) ...
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60 views

What are the use-cases of self-replicating neural networks?

I started researching the subject of self-replication in neural networks, and unexpectedly I saw that there is not much research on this subject. I should mention I am new in the field of NNs. This ...
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1answer
107 views

Are there any meaningful books entirely written by an artificial intelligence?

Are there any meaningful books entirely written by an artificial intelligence? I mean something with meaning, unlike random words or empty books. Something that can be charactersed as fiction ...
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1answer
221 views

What is a "learned emulator"?

In this article, the term "learned emulator" is used. Recently, scientists have started creating "learned emulators" using AI neural network approaches, but have not yet fully ...
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Why is domain adaptation and generative modelling for knowledge graphs still not applied widely in enterprise data? What are the challenges?

I see that domain adaptation and transfer learning has been widely adopted in image classification and semantic segmentation analysis. But it's still lacking in providing solutions to enterprise data, ...
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2answers
112 views

What are examples of problems where neural networks have achieved human-level or higher performance?

What are examples of problems where neural networks have been used and have achieved human-level or higher performance? Each answer can contain one or more examples. Please, provide links to research ...
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1answer
59 views

Are neural networks really used apart from specific hi-tech organisations?

This is a generic question. Still posting it to get insights from experts in the field. I am interested in knowing if Neural Networks are used in general apart from specific hi-tech organizations. If ...
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1answer
181 views

What is the scope of real-world deep learning applications in 2020?

2015 was a milestone year for AI--"deep learning" was validated in a very public way with AlphaGo. However, at the time, the question was raised: "What else is deep learning good for?&...
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1answer
770 views

How do AIs like Siri and Alexa respond to their names being called?

AIs like Siri and Alexa respond to their names being called. How does the system recognize the name by ignoring all the other words that have been said before their name? For example, "Hey Siri&...
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1answer
125 views

Can GANs be used to generate something other than images?

AFAIK, GANs are used for generating/synthesizing near-perfect human faces (deepfakes), gallery arts, etc., but can GANs be used to generate something other than images?
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How is depth perception (e.g. in autonomous driving) addressed without using a Lidar or Radar unit?

For practical applications, like autonomous driving, depth perception is needed to make useful decisions. How is this normally addressed without using a LIDAR or RADAR unit (but using a camera)?
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1answer
79 views

Do transformers have success in other domains different than NLP?

Everybody knows how successful transformers have been in NLP. Is there known work on other domains (e.g that also have a sequential natural way of occurring, such as stock price prediction or other ...
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143 views

Creating 4k HDR video from 720p footage

So, my company recently bought a big 4k HDR TV for our reception, where we keep showing some videos that were originally shot/created at 720p resolution. Before this, we had a relatively small HD TV, ...
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1answer
49 views

What are the real applications of hierarchical temporal memory?

What are the real applications of hierarchical temporal memory (HTM) in machine learning (ML) these days?
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43 views

Is there an AI system that, given a patient's symptoms, produces a diagnosis and suggests a treatment?

Is there an AI system (preferably, one that interacts with the human, such as a chatbot like this one) that, given some input (e.g. entered into the system by writing text), such as a person's ...
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1answer
91 views

Is there any practical application of knowing whether a concept class is PAC-learnable?

A concept class $C$ is PAC-learnable if there exists an algorithm that can output a hypothesis with probability at least $(1-\delta)$ (the "probably" part), and an error that is less than $\epsilon$ (...
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500 views

What are some use cases of few-shot learning?

Besides computer vision and image classification, what other use cases/applications are for few-shot learning?
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1answer
74 views

Why can't DQN be used for self-driving cars?

Why can't DQN be used for self-driving cars? Why can't DQN and similar RL algorithms be used for self-driving cars? The reason why I am curious is that it successfully plays go and other multistate ...
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3answers
185 views

Best ways of leveraging AI for stock market trading

What are the current popular approaches to leveraging AI for stock price prediction? It seems like there could be several approaches and problem formulations: Supervised learning: Regression: ...
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2answers
63 views

What kinds of techniques do autopilots of autonomous cars use?

What kinds of techniques do autopilots of autonomous cars (e.g. the ones of Tesla) use? Do they use reinforcement learning? Which types of neural network architecture do they use?
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2answers
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Could machine learning be used to measure the distance between two objects from a picture or live camera?

Could machine learning be used to measure the distance between two objects from a picture or live camera? An example of this is the measurement between the centre of each eye pupil. This area is ...
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0answers
49 views

What are some real-world products or applications that can be developed using GANs?

GANs have shown good progress across a wide variety of domains ranging from image translation, image generation, text to image synthesis, audio/video generation, image super-resolution and many more. ...
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118 views

Is there any programming language designed by deep learning?

I know that AI can be used to design printed circuit boards (PCBs), so it can be used to solve complex tasks. Is there any programming language designed by deep learning (or any other AI technique)?
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126 views

What are the pros and cons of deep learning and machine learning to develop a trading system?

As I want to start coding a new Trading AI in this year (first based on Python and later maybe in C++) I stumbled over the following question: Today, I would like to make a pro/contra list with you ...
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Why are conics important in computer vision?

The book Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision by Richard Hartley and Andrew Zisserman talks about lines, points and conics. A conic is a curve described by a second-degree equation in the plane, ...
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2answers
78 views

Which NLP applications are based on recurrent neural networks?

Some of the NLP applications taken from this link NLP Applications: Machine Translation Speech Recognition Sentiment Analysis Question Answering Automatic Summarization Chatbots Market Intelligence ...
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3answers
377 views

What are the AI technologies currently used to fight the coronavirus pandemic?

The ongoing coronavirus pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), as of 29 September 2020, has affected many countries ...
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89 views

Medical diagnosis systems based on artificial neural networks

Are there any medical diagnosis systems that are already used somewhere that are based on artificial neural networks?
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10k views

What are some well-known problems where neural networks don't do very well?

Background: It's well-known that neural networks offer great performance across a large number of tasks, and this is largely a consequence of their universal approximation capabilities. However, in ...
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55 views

Use cases for AI inside the software company

This question is a bit philosophic and is about making new use cases for software companies. Let me describe what exist for now, why it is not enough, and what is needed. I know that there are a lot ...
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1answer
99 views

Is reinforcement learning suited for real-time systems?

From what I have seen, any results involving RL almost always take a massive number of simulations to reach a remotely good policy. Will any form of RL be viable for real-time systems?
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58 views

How should I define the state space for this life science problem?

I would like to ask for a piece of advice with regard to Q-learning. I am studying RL and would like to do a basic project applied to life science and calculate the reward. I have been trying to get ...
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1answer
47 views

Have GANs been used to solve regression problems?

I've noticed that in the last 2 years GANs have become really popular. I know that initially they have been proposed for image classification but I was curious if any of you are aware of any papers ...
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2answers
465 views

Should I prefer the model with the lowest validation loss or the highest validation accuracy to deploy?

I trained a ResNet20 on Cifar10 and obtained the following learning curves. From the figures, I see at epoch 52, my validation loss is 0.323 (the lowest), and my validation accuracy is 89.7%. On the ...
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1answer
179 views

How can I perform lane detection with reinforcement learning?

I'm quite new to reinforcement learning and my project will consist of detecting lanes with RL. I'm using q-learning and I'm having a hard time thinking how my q table should look like, I mean - ...